In this research, based on the case study in Nanjing and Fukuoka, the relations between the components and the impression evaluation of restaurants' facades in city centre are shown. In a series of surveys and analysis, it is clear that the relevances between quality factors and supplement elements such as the shape of windows, colors' tone, sign boards, the size of shop name's characters, advertisements, chairs, tables and plants and so on are very strong. The facades' openness rate and several materials are closely connected with openness factors. Abstract and figural decoration elements are connected with feature factors. It is important that the first step to form comfort or high quality of restaurants' design in city centre, is to think about the relations between impression evaluation and components, and then go on to the restaurant facades' proposal or plan.
We proposed a new mood induction technique using pictures of smiling baby faces and presented example of application on the technique in choice experiment. Based on Baby Schema (Kindchenschema: Lorenz, K. 1965), we hypothesized that a baby face which consist of a big head, relatively large eyes, and the rounded shape elicits altruistic emotion and positive affect. We conducted a choice experiment using the proposed technique. Subjects were presented slides of smiling baby faces before the choice task. The result of the experiment showed that the baby faces elicited positive mood and then promoted the uses of simple heuristics. This finding suggested efficiency of the proposed technique as a mood induction method.
The purpose of this study is to verify correlation between patent rate and standardized technical scope statistically. In this study I used one index, the number of noun phrases in grammatical case, which was already confirmed about the effectiveness in prior paper. In this study I analyzed practical patent claim focused on the technical field of optical communication. It was found from the result that plus correlation and nonlinear correlation is found between patent rate and technical scope standardized by the number of noun phrases. Furthermore In this paper I raised consideration about the reason why nonlinear correlation is found between patent rate and standardized technical scope.
In the present study, the ukiyoe paintings of the bridges have been assessed making use of present bridge view evaluation method. In this research, mainly the works of Katsushika Hokusai and Utagawa Hiroshige have been used. As for the bridges, because it is a public structure, a quantitative judgment by the shape is more necessary than a subjective evaluation of the specialists. The bridges that had been painted in the ukiyoe was objectively evaluated making use of the fractal dimension which is a numerical value that expresses the extent of complexity in the shape. Some of the works, which had highly evaluated by the experts, also claimed high quantitative evaluation value. Therefore, it seems that a better approach would be to carry out a quantitative analysis using fractal dimension in addition to subjective evaluation of the paintings.
It is important to keep security and safety in house living. There are a lot of researches related to in-house security and safety for the elderly but higher quality of “good usability and utility” is required nowadays. A vertical handrail to be installed inside a residential spiral staircase has been proven effective for younger people through subjective assessment and a three dimensional motion analysis using infrared camera by comparison of a conventional handrail and newly developed handrail. After an examination for position of holding a handrail we decided the sufficient length of a vertical handrail. Based on the concept of Universal Design, the vertical handrail installed inside a spiral staircase, in combination with conventional handrails installed outside, has been clarified as easy in use for aged and younger people.
There is a wide variety of publically displayed gender signs (e.g., for public restrooms). Many are difficult to comprehend, particularly when first encountered. In experiment 1, we used Stroop-like interference tasks to investigate the roles of color and shape in gender-sign recognition. In the shape decision task, viewers (Japanese male and female students) judged the gender indicated by the shape of a sign while ignoring the color. In the color decision task, viewers judged the gender indicated by the color of a sign while ignoring the shape. Color interfered with shape-based gender decisions when signs were written in English, or as drawings, but not when they were in Japanese. Shape interfered with color-based gender decisions only when signs were written in Japanese. Experiment 2 used visual half field presentation to test hemispheric dominances of these effects. In the shape decision task, interference from color was larger in the right visual field (left hemisphere) for drawings, but the opposite pattern was found for words. In the color decision task, interference from shape was larger in the right visual field (left hemisphere) for words. When recognizing gender signs, colors are often processed so automatically that responses are strongly biased toward the gender implied. For the color effect, a hemisphere appears to dominate the other depending on the properties of the gender sign.
A recording book with the tape is mainly offered to the visually impaired now. On the other hand, by technical progress, that book is turning from a book with the tape into a recording book by multimedia DAISY. There are many problems of the institution, the system, and the person for providing recording books. Changes of the needs have occurred in the visually impaired who received the service. With it, the revision of the law was made. To “law (2009 law 53) to have revised a part of the Copyright Act” enforced on January 1, 2010, the expansion of the range is planned that the user of the information for the visually impaired does not need the consent of the copyright holder by the prescribed revision of Copyright Act Article 37.However, the problems in the present conditions pile up. In this study, we reviewed the past action about the recording book for the visually impaired. Then we highlighted problems in the present conditions, and thought how the recording book should be for the visually impaired for the future.
This paper describes an experiment designed to verify whether contraction of the frontalis muscle indicates resistance to drowsiness. Electromyograms (EMG) of the frontalis muscle were monitored while the subject operated a driving simulator under the following two conditions : (1) Dozing not permitted, (2) Dozing permitted. We measured the resulting data of the 15 tested subjects and analyzed the contraction of the frontalis muscle by comparing the results taken from the two conditions listed above. The results showed that the contraction of frontalis muscle observed in condition (2) was smaller than that which was observed in condition (1) by a significant degree. It was concluded that contraction of the frontalis muscle indicates a resistance to drowsiness. There were significant differences in frontalis activity between condition (1) and (2) during the early stage of the test before dozing occurred. We have concluded that frontalis muscle activity is a viable method to detect early stage drowsiness.
It is experimentally clarified how the degree of the semantic harmony could be estimated in order to derive the degree of the general harmony. In the experiment, four patterns of audiovisual materials are used. These are created by combining the semantically matched and mismatched sound clips and the temporally matched and mismatched video clips. Subjects evaluate impression of the materials and semantic similarity of the sound and the video clips. This experiment clarifies that the degree of the semantic harmony could be estimated with certain accuracy by using the degree of the impressive similarity and that of the semantic one of the sound and the video clips.
This study examined the trends in clothing that female university students followed and the kind of impression they intended to give their interviewers on being asked to take an interview dressed in attire that reflected their virtues. The following three hypotheses were examined: First, there is significant difference between student's impression management in everyday life and the impression that they wish to leave interviewers with. The students' impression management centered around their desire to prove their competence for the job. Second, the attire selected by students for job interviews differs from what they usually wear. They tend to choose a more elaborate dressing style for a job interview. Finally, students manage their impression by carefully selecting their attire for a job interview. The results showed that all the three hypotheses were valid. Further, the results revealed that students associated the clothes they chose for job interviews with a certain impression that they wished to make and that they managed their impression by independently choosing their outfits for job interviews.
In single portrait by Picasso, multiple gaze directions are simultaneously depicted, leading to bistable perception of gaze direction. It is an intriguing issue what kind of perceptual processing mediates the bistable gaze perception in Picasso's portrait. This study reported single case study on this issue with focusing on “Marie-Therese Walter”. In Experiment 1, a reverse correlation method revealed both an eye and nose were diagnostic features for an averted gaze, while a pair of eyes was a diagnostic feature for a direct gaze. In Experiment 2, it was found that an upright portrait caused two interpretations of gaze direction (averted and direct gazes), while an inverted portrait caused a single interpretation of gaze direction (direct gaze), suggesting a selective impairment of averted gaze perception by inversion. The results suggest that simultaneous encodings of diagnostic features for different gaze perception underlie bistable perception of gaze direction in “Marie-Therese Walter”.