The purpose of this study is to clarify (1) how the autonomy set by the parent company affects the strategic decision-making of J. League clubs and (2) how clubs negotiate with their parent company over autonomy, focusing on agency. Although literature in management studies has discussed the relationship between subsidiary autonomy and strategic behavior, there is no empirical research on J. League clubs. Therefore, this study analyzes a fourteenyear case of Yokohama F. Marinos to examine the above two research questions. First, this paper describes how the parent company of Yokohama F. Marinos had an impact on the club from 2009, reducing the club's autonomy and constraining its ability to be strategic. Next, we describe how Yokohama F. Marinos responded to the change by extending its autonomy through negotiation and improving its productivity. Finally, we discuss the contributions of this study.
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the online examination system for grasping the psychological state of players in university sports club by clarifying the relationship between the psychological state and competition performance, and the transition of the state. During the month and a half before the target game, we conducted two tests on one track and field club to compare the scores of players who improved their records and those who did not, and examined changes in scores. As a result, the players who were able to break their own records had high patience and effectiveness in improving their performance at the start of the season. However, the endurance was significantly decreased at the second measurement. Additionally, the team's performance in the target game was better than in last three years. These findings suggest the effectiveness of grasping mental states in mental health care and team management.