Objective : In 2011, the Ishikawa Prefectural Joint Committee of Blood Transfusion Therapy was organized in Ishikawa Prefecture. Since 2012, pharmacists have promoted educational activities regarding the appropriate use of albumin products for different occupations based on a survey involving all medical institutions in Ishikawa Prefecture. We examined the effects of these activities with respect to the usage of albumin products. Methods : A questionnaire survey regarding blood transfusion therapy, including the total usage of albumin products, departments responsible for the management of albumin products, and health care professionals’ awareness of issues on the appropriate use of albumin products, was conducted from 2011 until 2014 involving all medical institutions where blood transfusion preparations were used in Ishikawa Prefecture. Results : The questionnaire collection rate was ≥70%. The results showed that, in middle- or small-scale medical institutions, departments/physicians other than the Department of Pharmacy were responsible for the management of albumin products. Furthermore, some health care professionals did not recognize/understand problems regarding the appropriate use of albumin products. Pharmacists newly increased educational activities by study meetings for various occupations or panel discussions involving participants. The participants’ occupations varied, and the number of institutions to which they belonged was 20 to 24. The total usage of albumin products in Ishikawa Prefecture decreased by approximately 20% between 2011, when these attempts were started, and 2014. Discussion : This study suggests that the educational activities by pharmacists and other health care professionals at the prefectural level reduced the total usage of albumin products.
When establishing new pharmacy services, they must be in line with the needs of individual community residents. In our research, it was clear that services provided by the newly implemented health support pharmacies and primary care pharmacist system in recent years satisfy the needs of patients as well as the public in general. We collected information via a survey that used a structured questionnaire. In addition to basic information (age/sex), it also covered details of their pharmacy use, their thoughts on pharmacy services, and the actual usability of pharmacy services. Differences in respondent’s opinions and the actual usability of each pharmacy service were compared between age groups and sexes. Female respondents had more favorable opinions about the antismoking, nutrition, and sickness prevention consultation services than male respondents did. The proportion of survey respondents in their 40s and 50s who proactively used pension and welfare consultation services was significantly higher than for other age groups. The younger generation perceived 24-hour pharmacies and the primary care pharmacy system as necessary. There is a large disparity between people’s thoughts and opinions on the actual usability of the services that primary care pharmacies aim to offer, and this differ in people’s ages and sexes. The younger generation tend to expect the pharmacy services. It is important for pharmacies to address the needs of the generation which is skeptical toward the separation of medical and dispensary practice and recognize them the new role of pharmacies.
The purpose of this study was to explore issues arising from the promotion of collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and community pharmacists in the management of leftover medicine. The 2016 Revision of Medical Fee newly added the check boxes in the prescription form in which a physician requests the correspondence of a pharmacy when confirming leftover medicine. In this study, we conducted a questionnaire survey among GPs in three wards of Tokyo in the month of November 2016. Of the 1,256 clinics queried, 283 responded to the survey. Among those GPs responding, 86.6% were concerned about leftover medicine of their patients, while 29.3% used the check boxes. GPs who received an explanation about the change of the prescription form demonstrated a significant increase in the use of the check boxes, compared to GPs who did not (p<0.01). Of the GPs surveyed, 71.0% thought that the check boxes were an advantage in recognizing medicines that the patients did not take. An overall 67.5% of the GPs who used the check boxes revised prescriptions based on the information from pharmacists. The study suggests that by increasing collaboration between GPs and pharmacists, the information from pharmacists could be utilized to revise prescriptions and lead optimization of drug treatment.
A questionnaire has held on the students in two faculties, which is of pharmaceutical university and of agricultural junior college, and we obtained 882 answers. Our questions purposed to clarify the motivation to take nutritious supplements, such as : How they understand and management of their own health. ; How they understand their own nutritious conditions. ; How they think of, and taking supplemental foods including vitamins, minerals, or the others in their daily life. There are 159 answers (18.0% of total answers) taking these supplements from 882 valid answers in our questionnaire. Statistical analysis using Wilcoxon rank sum test between the supplement-users and the non-users showed that there would be triggers to take a supplement on the degree of self-conscious on their own health, of feeling tired, of their sleeping hours, of their satisfaction for nutrition by meals, though effect size is low. A question to ask the reason to start taking supplements revealed that is because of the supplement-users in their family also takes it.
This study aimed to identify the messages disseminated by television commercials about over-the-counter (OTC) oral drugs for analyzing the narrative structure of contents at a view of community pharmacists. We analyzed 92 television commercials about OTC oral drugs aired by 5 key commercial broadcasting stations from April 2013 to March 2014. We did the content analysis of the transcripts of television commercials ; 20 labels and 8 categories were found. The categories were “interesting the story,” “inspired desire for symptom improvement,” “emphasized attraction of the products,” “standing as a specific cure,” “products created a state of happiness,” “information about effect-efficacy and dosage,” “showing something other than drug-induced symptomatic improvement,” and “encouraging consumers to purchase the product.” The most common used categories to start TV-CM stories were “interesting the story” or “inspired desire for symptom improvement” and to end it was “encouraging consumers to purchase the product.” The message disseminated by television commercials about OTC oral drugs might misinform consumers regarding OTC drugs and self-care. Pharmacists should communicate with consumers to clear these misunderstandings instead of simply providing information about the effect-efficacy and dosage of OTC drugs.
Because of societal aging, Japanese pharmacists have an increasingly important role in home medical care. This is particularly true because more pharmacists are required to perform physical assessments to optimize patient treatment. However, few investigations have examined whether patients understand the role of pharmacists and the importance of home medical care. In this study, a questionnaire was provided to 260 patients aged 20-90 years to determine patients’ attitudes toward home medical care and pharmaceutical interventions. After conducting factor analysis, items related to home medical care were excluded at the stage of exploratory factor analysis, indicating that patients are not interested in home medical care. However, regarding pharmaceutical interventions, the questionnaire revealed that 42% of the patients required the pharmacists to provide information regarding the prescribed drugs during home medical care visits. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that 85% of the patients were unaware that physical assessments are also perform by pharmacists. In contrast, >50% of the patients believed that pharmacists had an important role in physical assessment interventions.