Though the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire has been translated into several languages and validated, a Japanese version has not yet been developed. The Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) has been translated into Japanese. Fifty-seven chronic pain patients in the department of psychosomatic medicine (PS), rheumatology (RA) or orthopedics (OP) filled out the SF-MPQ. Cronbach's alpha was 0.84, which indicated internal consistency of the 15 descriptors of the SF-MPQ. Concurrent validity of the SF-MPQ descriptors was supported by the result that the VAS values and the SF-MPQ descriptors total intensity scores were highly correlated using the scores of all patients (0.76) and of each group. We conclude that the Japanese version of the SF-MP is useful to analyze the quality as well as the quantity aspect of pain.