精密工学会誌
Online ISSN : 1882-675X
Print ISSN : 0912-0289
ISSN-L : 0912-0289
52 巻 , 7 号
選択された号の論文の28件中1~28を表示しています
  • 梶谷 誠
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1110-1115
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 竹内 芳美
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1116-1119
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 板生 清
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1120-1123
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 塩田 泰仁
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1124-1127
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 斎藤 之男, 福井 康裕
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1128-1131
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小林 征夫
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1132-1133
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    メカニカル玩具が今後どのように発展していくか,エレクトロニクスの技術が付加され,より複雑な動き,制御が可能になってくると思われるが,重要なことは,玩具の一方的な動きではなく,扱う子供と玩具のコミュニケーションを通し,子供の玩具に対する意図により正確に玩具が反応し,子供にフィードバックさせることである.このことは,少なからず玩具が知能化していくことであり,そのために必要なエレクトロニクス技術を取り入れていくことが必要である.この点を無視し,単に玩具のみを電子化,複雑化するだけでは,メカトロニクス玩具としては,従来のメカニカル玩具と同様に,子供達にはすぐ飽きられてしまう.玩具のメカトロニクス化は,子供達の科学に対する興味をより具体的に提示するものであるべきである.
  • 押上 重郎
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1134-1135
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 加藤 仁, 堤 成晃
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1136-1137
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Gerardo BENI
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1138-1140
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 井上 坦
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1141-1142
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 浅見 秀司, 鈴木 康夫
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1143-1144
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 研野 和人, 江田 弘, 貴志 浩三, 上野 秀雄
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1150-1160
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 北野 彰彦, 中村 示, 山本 明
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1167-1173
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the usual detecting method of initial fracture of tool edge by AE signal, the burst AE signal over a threshold level has been employed for detecting tool fracture in metal cutting. However, it is uneasy to pick up only the AE signal caused by tool fractures among those which are generated from the region near cutting edge. In this study, the orthogonal interrupted cutting has been carried out and some AE parameters ; AE count rate, accumulative count and amplitude distribution ; have been measured in order to obtain the relations between initial fracture of tool edge and AE parameters and to confirm the relations between initial fracture of tool edge and disengage angle. As the result of experiment, it has found out to detectable the initial fracturing state of tool edge by AE parameters. In addition, it is able to keep away the misdetection by the shock of interrupted cutting or chip in this measuring method.
  • 村松 直樹
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1174-1179
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2010/02/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    本研究結果を要約すれば次のとおりである.
    (1)本理論による上軸トルクの計算値は実験値と比較的よい対応を示した.このことから天びん・針棒機構の運動に基づく節点力や加振力を推定する本理論の考え方は妥当であると考えられた.
    (2)水平と垂直方向の加振力FxとFy恥は,基本調波におもに第2次調波が重畳して構成されている.そして供試ミシンの加振力んの大きさは加振力&の約2倍であり,これらは回転数の2乗に比例する.
    (3)加振力Fyの低減に対する構成部材の軽量化の効果は,針棒(6),天びん(2),針棒クランクロッド(5),天びんささえ(3)の順に大きい.これに対してクランク(1)・(4)は加振力Fxの低減には寄与するが加振力Fyには逆効果である.
    (4)本理論の動力学に基づき針棒(6),天びん(2)および針棒クランクロッド(5)をアルミニウム合金で従来の70~80%に軽量化した.この結果製造原価のわずかな上昇内で,加振力Fyを従来の70%程度に低減することができた.
    本研究に成る低振動ミシンは,、昭和57年にLS2形高速本縫い工業用ミシンとして製品化された.送り機構の一部(送り台)軽量化も含めて従来機構のまま低振動化した新形ミシンの最高回転数は5000rpmである.そしてそのときの振動の大きさは2G程度である.これは従来のミシンが3G以上であったのに比べて30%以上の振動低減になる.また本研究は,今後,ミシンの無給油化や本体の軽量化を進めていく上での基礎になるものと考えられる.
  • 大橋 宣俊, 石村 光敏
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1180-1186
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Taking account of the reuse of bolts and nuts, this paper describes a comparison of threaded-fastener loosening characteristics of bolted joint in the elastic region tightening with those in plastic region tightening and the reason for the difference between them. The experiments are carried out by using the threaded-fastener loosening test machine which applies repeated transverse impact-force. The experimental results are as follows ; in the first use of bolts and nuts, the initial loosening in plastic region tightening is larger than that in elastic region tightening, but for the steady loosening the reverse tendency is found. At the reuse in elastic one, both initial and steady loosening are smaller than those in the first use, but in plastic one both loosenings are larger than those in the first use. The above mentioned results can be explained by the measurements of bolt end displacement, impact block displacement and twisting torque in the loosening test.
  • 若林 秀樹, 加藤 純一, 高増 潔, 大園 成夫
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1187-1192
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    In-line Fraunhofer holography is useful for measuring the size and spatial distribution of moving or stationary particles in air or a liquid from a few micron to a few hundred micron in diameter. However, the reconstruction processes of the measurement are tedious and take appreciable time, therefore the automatic measuring instrument is needed to have successful results. This paper deals with a fundamental study on the automatic holographic particulate measurements. The results obtained are as follows. (1) CCD line sensor-scanning device is built so that holographic reconstructed images can be stored to computer. (2) Using this device, light intensity distribution in the reconstructed image of wire is observed, and the results agree with theoretical simulations. (3) The index W-value is proposed as a focusing parameters. It is proved to be valid for determining the focal point of reconstructed real image. (4) The diameter and location of the wire can be measured automatically with this system.
  • 垣野 義昭, 井原 之敏, 亀井 明敏, 伊勢 徹
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1193-1198
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    A method to measure the motion errors of NC machine tools was studied by using telescoping type double ball bar test. The motion errors during circular interpolation motion were measured by detecting the relative distance between the spindle and the workpiece on the table using elastically connected bar. The motion errors, i. e. relative distance were polarly plotted. Those were obtained at both clockwise and counter clockwise motions in mutually perpendicularly intersecting three planes. The results show that it has sufficient accuracy and conveniency to evaluate the accuracy of NC machine tools. The polar plots of the measured motion errors has a good agreement with the out-of-roundness errors of the circular plate machined by the same condition.
  • 西田 知照, 河野 誠, 扇谷 保彦
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1199-1204
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the first report, a method for calculating the cutting edge profile of hobs was proposed about the case that the value of coordinates and gradients of some points on a gear tooth profile was given. In this report treatments in three special cases which can not be treated by only the method proposed in the 1st report are considered. The first is the case that a discontinuity point exists on the gear tooth profile. The second is the case an incomplete hob tooth profile is obtained because there is a region in which the envelope by the given tooth profile does not exist. The third is the case the value of gradients is unknown and the method to obtain the approximation of gradients is given.
  • 足立 勝重, 新井 典久, 鞍谷 文保, 沖田 耕三, 脇坂 彰一
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1205-1210
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    In drilling, the burr is always formed at the inlet and outlet of drilled hole. Various troublesome problems in the automatic machining process are induced often by the burr. Therefore, it is very useful to find out an effectual method for the prevention of the burr in drilling process. Under such a present day situation, the low frequency vibratory drilling was chosen as one of the subjects of our studies, that is, effects of the cutting conditions and the cutting force on the burr shape in this drilling were examined and compared with those in the conventional drilling. From this study, it was found that the application of this method for drilling of aluminum is effective to prevent the burr.
  • 長谷川 嘉雄, 花崎 伸作, 藤原 順介, 和田 任弘
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1211-1217
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    It is well known that the continuous chips cause various troubles in turning of the steel. So the chips should be broken into short segments. In this case, the chip breaker is generally applied very well. However, the commercial chip breaker is difficult to break the continuous chips under the wide cutting condition. The chip breaker for finish turning is different from that for other usual turning. In order to find out a more effective chip breaker configuration than the commercial chip breaker in turning, a new chip breaker is investigated experimentally at a constant cutting speed of 3 m/s. The first chip breaker configuration is classified in negative lead step former. This chip breaker is effective for the low feed and the small depth of cut. The final chip breaker configuration has been developed, combining negative lead step former with positive lead step former. The final chip breaker is effective for a wide set of cutting condition. That is, in turning of SS 41 steel this chip breaker can break the chip into small segment in the following cutting conditions ; the feed rate from 0.05 mm/rev to 0.51 mm/rev and the depth of cut from 0.1 mm to 3.0 mm.
  • 是枝 賢一
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1218-1223
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Aiming at trimming and boring of steel material under water pressure, the effect of water pressure affecting the discharge phenomena was investigated by testing underwater single discharge under the hydrostatic pressure of 7.95 MPa. The result indicates that the effect mentioned below is appeared when capacitor charging voltage of 250 V DC is given to between a brass electrode in vibration of 32 Hz and a sample piece of S 45 C by increasing water pressure gradually. (1) Crater diameter of the sample piece becomes somewhat smaller while crater depth becomes deeper than the water level by about 25% at 7.95 MPa. (2) Both crater and upheaval sectional area are increased. Net displacement of the sectional area is slightly increased. On the other hand, no change due to water pressure is found on the wave forms and magnitudes of the discharge gap voltage and discharge current.
  • 喜田 義宏, 網代 博繁
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1224-1229
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this investigation, electro-chemical discharge grinding of Si3N4 ceramics is studied. This experiment consists of two main parts. One of them is electrochemical discharge experiment on Si3N4 ceramics and the other is combined test of electro-chemical discharge and mechanical grinding with a model wheel. The results obtained are as follows : (1) Removal amount of Si3N4 by electro-chemical discharge depends on kinds of electrolyte and its concentration. (2) To get the electro-chemical discharge phenomena in the electrolyte, it is necessary to give some certain voltage between electrode and electrolyte. Above this threshold voltage, removal amount of ceramics increases with applied voltage and discharge time. (3) Ceramics removal ratio (ratio of actual machined depth to setting depth of a wheel) increases by combining electro-chemical discharge phenomena with mechanical grinding. The combining way of electro-chemical discharge phenomena with mechanical grinding influences on the removal ratio. In this experiment, it is effective to give electro-chemical discharge during mechanical grinding. (4) In this combined grinding, the removal ratio decreases with increasing table speed and also it increases with increasing applied voltage. It is not influenced by wheel depth of cut. These results are explained by electro-chemical discharge frequency. (5) Form error of machined surface decreases by combined electro-chemical discharge phenomena with mechanical grinding.
  • 松原 十三生, 山本 久隆, 水本 洋
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1230-1235
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper describes the chatter stability of a boring bar the side faces of which are cut off so as to have a directionality in dynamic characteristics. The chatter stability is analyzed by both the theory of a coupled oscillation and the theory of a regenerative chatter vibration, considering the dynamic cutting force. Furthermore the effect of the directionality on the suppression of the chatter, which is estimated by two theoretical analyses, is verified by some experiments. The results obtained are as follows : (1) Chatter stability limits evaluated by the theory of the regenerative chatter vibration are lower than those by the theory of the coupled oscillation in any condition. (2) Experimental results agree well with the stability limits of the regenerative chatter vibration. Therefore it is clarified that the chatter stability of the boring bar depends on the regenerative chatter theory. (3) It becomes clear that the chatter stability is not sufficiently improved by the side cut boring bar.
  • 長谷川 嘉雄, 花崎 伸作, 峠 睦, 山本 立春
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1236-1242
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    The object of this paper is to clarify the mechanism of an electrolytic grinding method in high work feed rate. Therefore, grinding force components and chemical electrolysis were investigated and discussed through the calculation on the basis of experimental results using alloy tool steel SKD 11 and others. Summary of the results are shown below. (1) Grinding force components in this electrolytic grinding method decrease with increasing applied voltage. Their decreasing rate depends on electric current and percent wear flat area. (2) There may be two roughly classified reasons for the decrease in grinding force components by electrolytic action. The first one is the decrease in mechanical removal volume by electrochemical dissolution. The second one which has the most effect is considered to be the loss of mechanical properties on the surface layer of SKD 11 induced by the preferential dissolution of the hardened second phase. This may cause to decrease the chip formation force and the contact pressure between the wear flats on abrasive grains and the workpiece. (3) The effectiveness of this grinding method is appeared in the suppression of the friction force between the wear flats and the workpiece, which increases in proportion to the increase in the wear flat area.
  • 本間 恭二, 木村 敬
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1243-1248
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    A method for determining the grade in the vitrified wheel in terms of the acoustic emission (AE) is described. Correlations between the grade and the amounts of AE pulses emitted from the specimen surface which is indented with either Vickers' or spherical indenter are investigated. Experiments are performed for eight different wheel structures at room temperature. As for the sphere indentation, a clear correlation between AE total counts and the grade obtained by conventional technique is found, if the small amounts of indentation load is subjected. Though total ringdown counts for the Vickers indentation are widely distributed, reflecting the statistical nature of the fracture process in a microscopically heterogeneous media, mean values should give the appropreate results. While these examples tested are not widely ranged in the grade, they do show availability in applying the AE technology to the determination of the degree of the wheel grade.
  • 石川 憲一, 諏訪部 仁
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1249-1255
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    When soft polymers are cut by means of a knife blade, cutting surface quality is determined by the following factors. The first is geometrical factor, i. e. the shape and the machining accuracy of the knife-blade. The second is a dynamic factor, i. e. the method of cutting and the behavior of cutting resistance. The last is a metallurgic factor, i. e. the knife-blade material and the heat treatment. In the previous reports, the above-mentioned dynamic factor was dealt with analytically and the theoretical results were confirmed by a series of experimental studies. This paper treats principally the first geometrical factor, and the relationship between the curvature radius of the blade and cutting resistance is analyzed theoretically. It is proved that the theoretical results are well agreed with the experimental results. And, the effect of the blade surface roughness is considered through some experiments. Consequently, it is clear that the cutting method with the blade vibrated sinusoidally is able to decrease cutting resistance.
  • 八高 隆雄, 田村 祐二, 久保田 護
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1256-1257
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 大久保 信行, 中島 睦夫
    1986 年 52 巻 7 号 p. 1258-1263
    発行日: 1986/07/05
    公開日: 2009/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    The sensitivity analysis program is developed to point out the sensitive part of the structure, which is required for improvement of dynamic behaviours using the modal parameters obtained by experimental modal analysis. One method is to compute the necessary amount of structural modification in order to realize the shift of natural frequency specified. The other is to estimate the derivative of natural frequency or amplitude with respect to the structural change. A simple beam as well as a motor bike frame is tested to validate the effectiveness of the sensitivity analysis developed. Also the method is so extended as to take into account two natural frequencies simultaneously for improvement of dynamic behaviours of complex structures.
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