The Journal of the Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy
Online ISSN : 2186-0149
Print ISSN : 0287-2137
ISSN-L : 0287-2137
Volume 7 , Issue 1
Showing 1-50 articles out of 85 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (667K)
  • Type: Cover
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (667K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (23K)
  • Type: Index
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages Toc1-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (67K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 5-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (162K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 6-7
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (86K)
  • Daijiro Suzuki, Keita Kasahara, Junichi Ishihara, Takashi Hiraizumi, H ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 8-14
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The thickness of the basement membrane of bronchial tissues obtained bronchoscopically from patients with bronchial asthma and nine non-asthmatic subjects was measured. Furthermore, the correlation between the thickness of the biopsied bronchial basement membrane and the clinical findings in patients with bronchial asthma were studied. 1) The basement membranes of tissues biopsied from the bifurcation of the left upper and lower lobe bronchi and the bifurcation of right B^6 and the basal bronchus was 9.9μ±1.2 in mean thickness in patients with bronchial asthma, whereas it was 6.1μ±0.5 in mean thickness in non-asthmatic subjects. 2) The thickness of the bronchial basement membranes in bronchial asthma correlated to the duration of the clinical course. Thickening of the basement membranes was observed in bronchial asthma even within four years after the onset. 3) There was no significant correlation between the thickness of the bronchial basement membranes and the clinical type (atopic, infectious and mixed type). 4) There was no significant correlation between the thickness of the bronchial basement membranes and the severity (mild, moderate and severe) of asthma. 5) There was no significant correlation of the thickness of the bronchial basement membranes and methacholine-inhalation hypersensitivity in airways.
    Download PDF (609K)
  • Naoaki Tamura, Naoki Shinohara, Hideo Maeno, Keiko Inatomi, Hideo Ikem ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 15-21
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Examination of sputum is a useful procedure which yields definitive findings in certain pathological conditions of the respiratory tract. Soluble proteins such as immunoglobulins, lysozyme and mucus are thought to play important roles in the local defense mechanism, and analysis of such substances is now widely undertaken. Cellular analysis of sputum, on the other hand, is not utilized except in the cytologic diagnosis of cancer. A new procedure of isolation of sputum cells using serratio peptidase (100-250 mcg/ml) is presented. This procedure does not affect the cellular population or viability of recovered cells. From this point of view our method is superior to other methods using pancreatin, trypsin or ultrasonic waves. The isolated cells obtained by this method were studied. Lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by Leu series monoclonal antibody and FACS IV. Most sputum cells were macrophages and granulocytes. Though the lymphocyte ratio was under 5%, lymphocyte subsets could be analyzed without any influence of macrophages. The Leu 2 positive ratio in a DPB patient fluctuated from 13% to 32% during 24 hours, suggesting a diurnal variation. Thus it is advisable to analyze sputum cells obtained at the same time of day in order to follow changes in various diseases of the respiratory tract and to observe dynamic cellular functions.
    Download PDF (898K)
  • Satoshi Kitamura, Yoko Ishihara, Fusayo Wagai, [in Japanese], [in Japa ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 22-26
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In the present investigation we detected, identified and measured various leukotrienes (LTs) in broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with various pulmonary diseases and healthy controls by means of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and by a tissue bioassay method using guinea pig ileum. 1) LTC_4, LTD_4 and LTE_4 were not detected in BALF from healthy volunteers. 2) In case of chronic bronchitis LTC_4 and LTD_4 were elevated, and total amounts of LTs were elevated in 9 of 15 patients. 3) In deffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) LTC_4 and LTD_4 were elevated in 3 of 4 patients. 4) In cases of sarcoidosis, total amounts of LTs were elevated in 3 of 6 patients. 5) In cases of primary lung cancer LTC_4, LTD_4 and LTE_4 were elevated, and total amounts of LTs were elevated in 9 of 13 patients. 6) In cases of bronchiectasis total amounts of LTs were elevated in 5 of 9 patients. The above results suggest that LTs may play very important roles in the pathophysiology of chronic bronchitis, DPB, sarcoidosis, primary lung cancer and bronchiectasis.
    Download PDF (389K)
  • Reury Perng Perng
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 27-38
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Clinical significance of fiberoptic bronchoscopic findings in 243 cases of peripherally originating adenocarcinoma of the lung was studied. Fiberoptic bronchoscopic examination is essential in lung cancer to recognize the status of the lesion in the thoracic cavity to select the most appropriate therapeutic methods. Nevertheless, up to the present time, endoscopic findings in peripherally originating adenocarcinoma presenting solitary shadow on chest X-ray film have not been sufficiently emphasized. In fiberoptic bronchoscopy, 145 cases (57.9%) showed pathological findings which were classified by Oho's classification. The most frequent pathological finding was the intramural type (cancer invasion mainly located in extramuscular layer, 51.7%) followed by the subepithelial type (20.0%), extramural type (14.5%) and polypoid type (13.8%). In approximately 40% of all cases no pathological findings could be recognized by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. The operability of such cases should be examined by a variety of methods. However recognizable pathological findings on fiberoptic bronchoscopy can provide a basis for the approximate evaluation of operability. Cases of peripherally originating adenocarcinoma with pathological findings in lobar and/or main bronchi recognizable by fiberoptic bronchoscopy were shown to be in an advanced stage of the natural history of the disease and to be beyond surgical intervention.
    Download PDF (1299K)
  • Hiroshi Okitsu, Jun Naito, Shinya Abe, Naganobu Hayashi, Ryuta Amemiya ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 39-48
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Fiberoptic bronchoscopic examination of 53 cases of malignant tumors metastatic to the lung revealed abnormal findings in 41 (77%). Of these lesions with an irregular surface frequently covered with white necrotic tissue (primarily mucosal type) were observed in 21 cases. Typically the primary lesion in such cases was located in the colon or kidney. Intramural type lesions, i.e. those proliferating in the bronchial wall covered with histologically normal bronchial mucosa, were observed in 11 cases. In 9 cases only compression from beyond the bronchial wall with no tumor formation was observed (extramural type). Cases fitting our definition of endobronchial metastasis, i.e. lesions in which the proximal margin is within the observation range of a standard fiberoptic bronchoscope, proliferating in the bronchial lumen and without findings suggestive of invasion in the bronchial wall surrounding the proximal margin of the lesion, were recognized in 16 cases (30%). Cases of endobronchial metastasis must be distinguished from peripherally originating adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung and primarily submucosal type must be distinguished from large cell carcinoma of the lung. In evaluating such lesions it is important to always consider the possibility of metastatic lung lesions.
    Download PDF (2167K)
  • Takayoshi Tashiro, Jun Goto, Youichiro Goto, Yoshinobu Kuroda, Mitsuno ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 49-54
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) was performed on 117 patients with pneumoconiosis from March 1982 to February 1983. Histological findings of specimens were classified into 3 groups according to Tukiainen's classification (1978) ; (1) confirmed pneumoconiosis, (2) probable pneumoconiosis, (3) tissue reaction due to dust particles. The histological positive rates (confirmed+probable/total) in relation to duration of dust exposure were 61.2% for under 10 years, 81.1% for under 20 years, 93.8% for under 30 years and 100% for over 30 years. The positive rates in relation to X-ray findings were 42.9% in category 1, 75.5% in category 2 and 83.6% in category 3, and in relation to types of pneumoconiosis were 77.7% in silicosis, 50.0% in coal workers' pneumoconiosis, 66.7% in welder's lung and 100% in diatomaceus earth pneumoconiosis respectively. Lung cancer was found in five cases out of 117 cases of pneumoconiosis. The current study demonstrated that TBLB was very valuable for the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and associated lung cancer.
    Download PDF (544K)
  • Yasushi Matsushima, R. Amemiya, H. Kunji, O. Taira, K. Oho, Y. Hayata, ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 55-61
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    We performed tracheal tube stent operation in a total of six patients of who received endoscopic Nd-YAG laser treatment of tracheal stenosis. Several types of teflon tubes and silicone T-tubes were used for the tracheal stent. The technique of the tube stent was modified from the methods of Mihashi and Montogomery. The teflon tube stent had some problems in terms of fixation in the trachea but was advantageous in terms of manipulation of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the tube. The silicone Ttube was easer to fix in the trachea but manipulation of the fiberoptic bronchoscope was more difficult in the tube. It is therefore necessary to choose which trachea tube should be used based on the individual case. Dyspnea and pulmonary function improved dramatically after tracheal tube stent, especially PFR and V75 improved threefold over levels before Nd-YAG laser surgery. We consider that the tracheal tube stent resulted in significantly decreased need for exertion for exhalation at high lung volumes than by Nd-YAG laser surgery only.
    Download PDF (865K)
  • Kyosuke Ishihara, Nobuyuki Katakami, Hiroko Sakamoto, Eitetsu Lee, Hir ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 62-70
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In an attempt to evaluate the role of flexible bronchofiberscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of broncholithiasis, 5 cases we experienced and 31 cases reported between 1970 and 1984 were reviewed. Hemoptysis was the outstanding symptom in 61.1% of these 36 cases, and lithoptysis occurred in only 3 cases. The chest roentgenogram revealed a wide variety of findings from almost normal findings to obstructive pneumonia or atelectasis in which it was difficult to rule out lung cancer. Hilar calcification was seen in 81% of 36 cases, and this finding was the most suggestive of broncholithiasis. Bronchofiberscopic examination was performed in 32 cases, and the broncholith was visualized directly in 16 cases. Other bronchoscopic findings included nonspecific inflammatory changes and stenosis. In 10 of the patients, the broncholith was completely removed bronchoscopically without any complications, and in 3 cases they were partially removed. The largest broncholith removed bronchoscopically was 11 mm in diameter. Bronchoscopy is very useful for the diagnosis of broncholithiasis and bronchoscopic removal of broncholith is indicated when it is directly visible endoscopically and mobile.
    Download PDF (2176K)
  • Yoshihiro Takeuchi, Shoji Namikawa, Minoru Kusagawa, Kentaro Higashi, ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 71-76
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Two cases of bronchial artery lesions detected by bronchofiberscopy are reported. The first case was an asymptomatic 68 year-old man with large tumor in the right lower lung field. A protrusion in the membranous portion of trachea was also recognized by bronchofiberscopy. After right lower lobectomy the protrustion was revealed to be a bronchial artery aneurysm by bronchial arteriogram. After bronchial artery embolization the protrusion disappeared. The second case was a symptomatic 68 year-old man with a right hilar mass on chest X-ray films, in whom a polypoid tumor in the left upper lobe bronchus was shown by bronchofiberscopy. Biopsy of the polypoid tumor caused massive hemoptysis. The lesion was revealed to be rasemose hemangioma of bronchial artery by histological findings and bronchial arteriogram. Bronchial artery embolization resulted in disappearance of hemoptysis.
    Download PDF (1360K)
  • Susumu Yagi, Toshiharu Matsushima, Naoyuki Yosida, Michifumi Adachi, M ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 77-83
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Two cases of thoracic aortic aneurysm with hemoptysis were reported. Case 1, a 65 year-old man presented with a chief complaint of repeated hemoptysis. Chest X-ray films demonstrated a tumor with a pneumonia-like shadow in the left upper lung field. Case 2, a 59 year-old man presented with a chief complaint of slight hemoptysis. Chest X-ray films demonstrated a mass in the left lung field. Since the X-ray findings of both cases suggested intrapulmonary lesions, bronchoscopy was performed. As hemorrhage in the airway and compressed and wave-like pulsatile changes in the bronchial wall in the bronchus related to the lesions were noted, a vascular lesion was suspected. Both chest CT and aortography were performed and a diagnosis of aortic aneurysm was established. Accordingly, if such findings are noted on bronchoscopy in cases in which aortic aneurysm is suspected even slightly, the possibility of aortic aneurysm should be considered.
    Download PDF (2102K)
  • Kentaroh Ohkawa, Yasutaka Nanbu, Yoshikazu Iwasaki, Jiroh Okumura, Yuh ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 84-89
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 62 year-old, female was admitted with hemoptysis. An abnormal shadow was recognized in the left middle lung field on chest X-ray film. A glossy tumor with partial bleeding at a site about 1cm from the orifice of B^3 was observed by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Resection of the left upper lobe and S^6 was conducted, and the postoperative course was good. Most adeno carcinomas of the lung are located in the peripheral region of the lung. In this case, the tumor occurred from the central bronchus and clearly showed protrusion into the bronchial lumen. It was histologically diagnosed as a well-differentiated papillary adenocarcinoma occurring in the central region of the lung.
    Download PDF (1550K)
  • Eitetsu Lee, Nobuyuki Katakami, Hiroko Sakamoto, Kyosuke Ishihara, Hir ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 90-94
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Bronchoscopy was performed in a symptomatic 46 year-old male case of obstructive pneumonia in which bronchogenic carcinoma was suspected. A smooth lobulated pink-tan endobronchial mass measuring one centimeter in diameter was located in the left B^<10>. Subsequently segmentectomy of left S^<10> was performed. Histologically the tumor was composed of only mature cartilage tissue coated with normal bronchial epithelium. Endobronchial chondroma is a rare neoplasm of the tracheobronchial tree and only a few cases have been reported.
    Download PDF (1156K)
  • Hiroshi Nishio, Takahiko Sakuma, Shinichiro Nakamura, Takeshi Horai, H ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 95-99
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 68 year-old male with tracheobronchopathia chondroplastica accompanied by encapsulated pleurisy is reported. He had complained of occasional bloody sputum since October 1982. His chest X-ray showed a large mass shadow occupying about two-thirds of the right thoracic cavity that was diagnosed as encapsulated pleurisy. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed multiple protrusions, yellowish white in color and 2-3mm in diameter, on the walls of the trachea, right main bronchus and truncus intermedius. The biopsy specimen of the protrusions disclosed cartilaginous tissue covered with normal bronchial epithelium. There was marked medial displacement and compression of the right bronchial tree. The surface of bronchial mucosa was slightly reddish and edematous, but no malignant cells were proved by brushing cytology. Therefore it was considered that chronic inflammation was present in the walls of bronchi. Although the etiology of this entity remains unkown, chronic inflammation caused by encapsulated pleurisy may have played some role in this case.
    Download PDF (955K)
  • Kazutoshi Yokoyama, Tadashi Takashima, Masahiko Nozaki
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 100-103
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A surgically treated adult case of Braimbridge type I congenital bronchoesophageal fistula was reported. A 69 year-old female was admitted with a complaint of coughing on swallowing from about 40 years of age. Bronchography, bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy revealed a fistula between the bronchus (r-B^7) and an esophageal diverticulum in the mid-portion of the esophagus. A fistulectomy and wedge resection of S^7 was performed, and the histopathological findings of the resected specimen showed features of both esophageal mucosa and bronchial epithelium.
    Download PDF (1013K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 104-105
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (372K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 106-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (334K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 107-108
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (398K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 109-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (275K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 109-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (275K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 109-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (275K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 109-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (275K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 109-110
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (397K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 110-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (182K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 110-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (182K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 110-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (182K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 110-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (182K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 110-111
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (285K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 111-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (159K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 111-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (159K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 111-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (159K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 112-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (274K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 112-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (274K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 112-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (274K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 112-113
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (340K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 113-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (113K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 114-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (186K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 114-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (276K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 114-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (276K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 114-115
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (416K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 115-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (194K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 115-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (194K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 115-116
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (326K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 116-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (191K)
  • [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japane ...
    Type: Article
    1985 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 116-
    Published: March 25, 1985
    Released: September 15, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (191K)
feedback
Top