The purpose of this study was to construct measures that allow us to estimate an observer's evalution of character's form, using the semantic differential method. A few characters were drawn in Japanese calligraphy. We focused on the aesthetic impression produced by variations in calligraphic components such as the length and position of a line or the angle between lines. We conducted a factor analysis for data obtained from a 34-item questionaire that were developed through an analysis of aesthetic impression. The final measures comprised 17 items, consisting of three scales (proportional beauty, activity, and potency) that were analysed and scored using Item Response Theory. We applied the measures to data for the characters“折・oru”and“月・tsuki” and examined its validity.
Rice flour products have more problems compared with flour products. Generally, dumplings are prepared from rice flour by adding glutinous rice flour to the dumpling mixture. Therefore, we examined the effects of adding glutinous rice flour on the quality of rice flour cakes. The samples of rice flour cake were examined with respect to their volume ratio, color difference, texture properties, and microstructure and were subjected to sensory evaluation. We observed that the cakes containing 20％ fine grains of glutinous rice flour yielded the best results in the sensory evaluation.
The aim of this study is development of highly precise atmosphere measurement and evaluation method reflecting reality. As the first step of this study, the representation structure of atmosphere and the selection method of the specific terms（adjectives）expressing those contents were proposed, from the example of "atmosphere of the marriage ceremony", in measurement and evaluation of atmosphere. Analysis of the evaluator's utterance data about its atmosphere by ‘Kansei image analysis method’ applying to text typed-data showed that the expressions of its atmosphere can be classified into three parts, “the marriage ceremony characteristic expression”, “the atmosphere characteristic expression” and “the common expression of the both. Based on these results, the atmosphere characteristic adjectives (“calm”, “tender”, and “bright”) have been detected by investigating the relation among the terms using factor analysis and graphical modeling. From this result, the possibility of the detection method of “the specific adjectives on atmosphere of marriage ceremony” in this study has been confirmed.