Effect of typical commercial thickening agents used in the pureed food on swallowing characteristics were evaluated. Two groups of commercial thickening agents for swallowing disorders were used ; one was modified food starch group and the other was guar gum group. Popular liquid foods added with the commercial thickening agents were used for samples, which were adjusted to similar hardness to the plane yoghurt. The swallowing characteristics were evaluated using by the Ranking by means of the Friedman test and the Scheffé's paired comparisons. The following results were obtained. 1) The liquid foods added with thickening agents of modified food starch were flavorous, thin, easy to swallow, remaining little and desirable overall judgement, compared with those added with thickening agents of guar gum. It was suggested that swallowing characteristics of thickening agents of modified food starch were superior to those of thickening agents of guar gum. 2) The swallowing characteristics largely depended on flavor by the ranking method. And the swallowing characteristics were related to the thickness and the remaining in the mouth by the Scheffé's paired comparisons. 3) It was suggested that the obtained results by the Ranking were similar to the results by the Scheffé's paired comparisons.
The purpose of this study is to make clear special characteristics about women's clothes, and about outdoor and indoor places, and to analyze the adaptability of women's clothes to places each. This study is composed of two kinds of sensory evaluation experiments. First, the special characteristics about clothes and places were studied, using factor analysis. In the experiment, 120 color photographs were rated by 15 bipolar adjective phrases about indoor places, outdoor places and clothes. And 2 fundamental factors about women's clothes, 4 factors about outdoor places, and 3 factors about indoor places were obtianed. On the basis of the result, the sample for the second experiment were selected; women's clothes were 14, outdoors places 12, and indoors places 9. Next, the second experiment on adaptability of 14 clothes to 21 places by rating scale method was carried on. Mean values for each one of places were ploted every 14 clothes, which were classified according to distribution of evaluation. As the result, 5 types were divided on the relation between women's clothes and outdoor places, and 4 types on indoor places. In conclusion, the adaptability of women's clothes to outdoor and indoor places were showed being some types for example, “unadaptable-type”, “extensive-type” etc.