This study is an ethnomethodological study about the description of sports, a branch of sociology influenced by phenomenology. The purpose of this study is to describe sports. The so-called physical knowledge that could not be known from others is actually open to descriptive possibilities, and this descriptive possibility is accessible to anyone who is familiar with the sport, based on the broadcasted sports programs.
In this study, we distinguished an often-unknowable realm that is often obscured by ‘the inaccessibility of the media environment factors’ and considered internal to the player, and we analyzed the description and understanding of sport in each of these domains. In doing so, we focused on reference resources for description and understanding. The former is based on the norms for anyone who is familiar with natural language football practices and these kinds of norms have become the main resource. The latter revealed that the reasons for instantaneous and reactive movements are understandable when they are associated with concepts such as ‘anticipation’ or ‘conviction’.
A clue to the special theme of this journal, ‘A clue to the sociology of sport for the field of sport
instruction’, we have also discussed the position of the descriptions obtained by such an analysis as in
this paper. we have reformulated understanding into two categories: bodily understanding and conceptual
linkage understanding, and we have also examined that these mutual translatability is the source of sports
This paper examines coaching in sport as a communication between coaches and athletes. The results demonstrate how this communication is accomplished through interactions. First, we have identified how coaching is understood in Japanese coaching research; is seen as a “subjective channel” between coach and players. However, the specifics of this have not been elucidated. In addition, an examination of the textbooks has revealed that most of the “methods of coaching” are presented as “kinds of coaching and menus” without any specific explanation of coaching procedures.
Next, a sports coaching study based on ethnomethodology research in sociology was examined. Instruction was presented as a chain of (1) initiation of correction by the coach, (2) presentation of errors, and (3) suggestion of solutions. The coach’s “reenactment of the mistake” was particularly important in terms of creating an understanding of what was a mistake for the players. In addition, the normative determination of the relative positions of their bodies by the “ball-related categories” and spatial division of the court is a resource for both coaches and players’ understanding of the play.
Finally, the recorded data on college futsal practices in Japan were reviewed. These results confirm that the basic procedure in sports coaching is the sequence of initiation of correction, presentation of errors, and proposal of solutions. This procedure revealed that the practice and instruction follow a set order and are commonly understandable and rational for both coaches and athletes.
In the first half of this paper, we will focus on disabled sports, in particular, the wheelchair basketball competition, what kind of competition it is, and in what respect it is an event that guarantees “competitiveness”. It is pointed out that even professional groups such as IPC(International Paralympic Committee) may not be able to find out, and if you give guidance while paying attention to the possibilities and aesthetics of each competition, in each real competition I argued that we would have to start with the task of reassessing the value and significance of what has been achieved in (of course, this also applies to non-disabled sports). Specifically, paying attention to the idea of “classification”, “classification” in wheelchair basketball is “classification” to ensure fairness between teams. This style is different from the “classification” in other disabled sports, and wheelchair basketball has the value of “inclusiveness” that allows people with any level of disability to contribute to the team in a variety of situations. That can be a competition that can embody the above. Assessing these two points, you should be free from designist beliefs, understand what kind of value the actual competition is realizing, evaluate it, and give guidance that fits that evaluation. Insisted that there is.
In the latter half, we will use Kashida et al. . The sports instructor often employs a ladder model for instructing. Not always. Guidance in the direction of reducing the load on the instructor is not always easy for the instructor to accept. In the first place, if you observe what kind of interactions the instructor is doing while using methods such as video ethnography, what is formed by the instructor as a sequential order Since it can be relatively easy to find out, I argued that I should make good use of the results, and these things.
In recent years, urban redevelopment due to mega-sporting events such as the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup has led to eviction of nearby residents. In Japan, residents were evicted from a public housing estate located nearby the site of the National Olympic Stadium for the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics and Paralympics. The purpose of this study is to examine how residents thought about their eviction and how the eviction affected their way of life and their daily activities.
I explored the daily lives of residents in the estate as well as the activities of two local community organizations: a local neighborhood association and an older people’s association. The results of this research revealed first, that the mostly older residents based their lives on a series of relationships based on mutual support. Second, as they began to lose these relationships due to the eviction process, they utilized the two local community organizations to take action in response to it. Although they expressed opposition to the eviction at first, they came to terms with the resultant changes in their daily lives by taking action as part of their community organizations.
It is argued that the residents’ daily and their eviction from their homes should be examined together because they were forced to respond to the eviction by simultaneously trying to rebuild their lives. This paper points to the necessity of developing new policies for sports events from the perspective of residents’ daily lives.
This study examines how people can connect socially through sports. Using the example of league bowling in Okinawa, it shows the connection between people being in regular close contact and strengthened social bonds in their daily lives.
In Okinawa’s league bowling, players actively socialize over food and drinks, including alcohol. Additionally, not only do league participants socialize, their family members also intermingle. Close interactions also take place between the participants and the bowling alley managers. Furthermore, such connections may extend beyond the bowling alley. The league also acts as a place of Moai (a kind of rotating credit associations), since bowling fosters mutual trust and the league is held regularly.