Journal of Japanese Society for the Study of Social Work
Online ISSN : 2189-8944
Print ISSN : 1884-3654
ISSN-L : 1884-3654
Volume 38
Showing 1-7 articles out of 7 articles from the selected issue
  • Daisuke ITO
    2019 Volume 38 Pages 1-13
    Published: 2019
    Released: June 06, 2020

      The extant literature is replete with reviews of the role of a certified social worker undertaking social work as a specialist and that of the training curriculum. In this study, I focused on a social work practicum to explore the relations of five factors involved in self-evaluation by students and the contribution of training content to students’ study achievements during training. A total of 329 students from X department of a university, who had completed their social work practicum, were included as study subjects, and 321 self-administered questionnaires were answered. Multiple regression analysis was conducted using students’ self-evaluation as the objective variable ; the aforesaid five factors related to training content, including the amount of care work, as explanatory variables ; and six factors related to the students and the study facility as the control variables. The results suggested (1) doing a small amount of care work (B=6.16, ref.=none), (2) how a student feels about learning inter-professional collaboration within the study facility (B=4.98, ref.=did not learn), and (3) how a student feels about learning to collaborate with relevant organizational and social resources outside of the study facility (B=8.04, ref.=did not learn), which related to a high self-evaluation.

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  • Through Analysis of Case Records of Social Workers
    Ken MAJIMA, Junko WAKE
    2019 Volume 38 Pages 15-26
    Published: 2019
    Released: June 06, 2020

      In recent years, every time an amendment to the Long-term care insurance is passed, the importance of, and opportunities for discharge support by social workers in the Geriatric Health Service Facilities have increased. Although discharge support is evaluated based on management indicators, the framework for evaluating the appropriateness of social work by the support recipients has not been sufficiently constructed. Therefore, we tried to construct a framework for the families to evaluate the discharge support of social workers. As an analysis method, in order to gain the viewpoint of the family, we analyzed family’s (n=41) narratives by using social work case records and analyzed these from a social work viewpoint by using a qualitative research method. As a result, 6 major categories and 12 sub categories were extracted. In this research, a framework that contributes to the improvement of the quality of social work in the Geriatric Health Service Facilities was extracted. In addition, it was possible to present a method of constructing an evaluation framework that the support recipients can evaluate, reflecting social work expertise.

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  • Focus on the Family Decision Making during the “Transitional period.”
    2019 Volume 38 Pages 27-38
    Published: 2019
    Released: June 06, 2020

      The purpose of this study was to investigate attitudes towards and details of support provided by nursing home social workers regarding end-of-life care in intensive care homes for the elderly, with a particular focus on the family decision making during the “transitional period.” This was a qualitative study conducted via an interview survey. Qualitative coding was performed for data analysis. Data analysis revealed that attitudes towards support can be defined as “coexistence with dilemmas that arise from putting family first,” and details of support as “sorting emotions and promoting choice-making through explanations of deathwatch.” Furthermore, characteristics of support are presented through comparison of the fields of nursing and social work. It is believed that the results of this research can contribute to investigations regarding decision-making support provided to families regarding end-of-life care in intensive care homes for the elderly as well as the division of roles and cooperation among professional caregivers.

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  • A Survey of Certified Supervisors
    Kyoko OTANI
    2019 Volume 38 Pages 39-50
    Published: 2019
    Released: June 06, 2020

      The purpose of this study was to clarify the structure of supervisory skills and to develop an evaluation scale for them in social work. This investigation can be used as basic information for creating supervisor training programs.

      The current study adopted 21 items of the supervisory skills questionnaire with 6 point grading scale and was developed based on 634 skills extracted by a qualitative investigation. A survey of 558 certified supervisors was carried out. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were used to determine the factor structure. Associations of factor scores with self-reported attributes were calculated with analysis of variance and t-test.

      Results indicated that the scale yields 4 consistent factors : “supervisee centered”, “assignment focused”, “transfer to practice”, and “approval and evaluation”. It was found that those skills were unrelated to the years of social work experience and there was significant correlation between skills and the number of supervisees whom supervisors implemented sessions with. It became clear that for high quality supervision, training for that purpose and supervision practice were necessary.

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