1. An unselected series of 43 cases of intussusception in infants and children operated on between 1937 and 1957 is presented. 2. A considerable number of intussusception is referable to mesenterium commune; 65.1per cent of the intussusception cases observed are believed to be of mesenterium commune origin. It is emphasized that the mesenterium commune plays an important role as a predisposing factor. But in most intussusception cases in the present series, any initial causative factors does not seem to have been clarified. 3. The operative mortality rate of acute intussusception cases of infants and children has been markedly reduced during the last 9 years. Responsible factors in the reduction were analyzed.
12 cases of the chronic cavernous tuberculosis, which had shown no remarkable response to the common antitubercular agents, were divided into 2 groups. While 6 cases of them were treated with KJ and antitubercular agents(SM, PAS and INAH), the other 6 were treated with antigene methylique, combined with KJ and antitubercular agents. Roentgenological, bacteriological and other clinical observation revealed no remarkable difference between the effects of the two therapeutic schedules contrary to the French reports.