Understanding patient behavior is important to
ensure good clinical outcomes for patients and
efficient use of resources. Few studies have
investigated compliance of patients attending
a general dental clinic with treatment requiring
multiple visits. In Japan, general dental practitioners
are the main providers of dental treatment. The
objective of this study was to analyze information
from dental patients first visit, with their subsequent
The study involved 450 adult participants.
Associations between data obtained from selfcompleted
questionnaires, oral examination and
subsequent attendance, were tested by logistic
regression analyses. The main outcome examined
was whether the patient failed to attend for further
treatment (cancellation without notice).
The most common reason for subjects’ initial visit
was for a dental problem with definite symptoms.
Cancellation without notice was significantly
higher in younger patients, those without referrals,
those with non-responses to medical questions,
had severe periodontal disease and two or more
Certain patient characteristics are associated with
the probability of subsequent failure to complete
treatment. Those that present with two or more
decayed teeth may be a useful indicator of requiring
more intensive motivational intervention to prevent
the risk of failing to complete dental treatment.
Purpose: To develop and evaluate the effects of an English learning system using smartphones in Japanese dental hygiene education.
Methods: Forty-three third-year undergraduate university dental hygiene students took a preliminary examination and then were randomly divided into two groups, Group I or II, according to their results to make the English level of each group approximately equal. Group I took examination A as a pre-examination and examination B as a post-examination. Group II took examination B as a pre-examination and examination A as a post-examination.
Each examination was composed of dental terminology and speaking sections. All participants studied English learning materials via a learning management system, which included a series of four subtopics related to dental caries prevention, as re- and self-learning.
Results: In the terminology section, both groups showed significantly higher post-examination scores than pre-examination scores, regardless of which examination (A or B) was taken as the pre-examination (Group I: p < 0.0001, Group II: p =0.0025).
Conclusions: The English learning system using smartphones developed in this study effectively increased participants’ dental English vocabulary.
English speaking skills showed no improvement and another learning style should be evaluated in a future study.