Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences
Online ISSN : 2185-9132
Print ISSN : 1342-8810
ISSN-L : 1342-8810
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  • Yasumasa Oshiro, Kozo Takase
    2019 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 43-50
    Published: 2019
    Released: September 20, 2019
    Introduction; Understanding patient behavior is important to ensure good clinical outcomes for patients and efficient use of resources. Few studies have investigated compliance of patients attending a general dental clinic with treatment requiring multiple visits. In Japan, general dental practitioners are the main providers of dental treatment. The objective of this study was to analyze information from dental patients first visit, with their subsequent attendance. Methods; The study involved 450 adult participants. Associations between data obtained from selfcompleted questionnaires, oral examination and subsequent attendance, were tested by logistic regression analyses. The main outcome examined was whether the patient failed to attend for further treatment (cancellation without notice). Results; The most common reason for subjects’ initial visit was for a dental problem with definite symptoms. Cancellation without notice was significantly higher in younger patients, those without referrals, those with non-responses to medical questions, had severe periodontal disease and two or more decayed teeth. Discussion; Certain patient characteristics are associated with the probability of subsequent failure to complete treatment. Those that present with two or more decayed teeth may be a useful indicator of requiring more intensive motivational intervention to prevent the risk of failing to complete dental treatment.
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  • Akane Takenouchi, Masayo Sunaga, Yuki Ohara, Takashi Matsukubo, Atsuhi ...
    2019 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 51-58
    Published: 2019
    Released: September 20, 2019
    Purpose: To develop and evaluate the effects of an English learning system using smartphones in Japanese dental hygiene education. Methods: Forty-three third-year undergraduate university dental hygiene students took a preliminary examination and then were randomly divided into two groups, Group I or II, according to their results to make the English level of each group approximately equal. Group I took examination A as a pre-examination and examination B as a post-examination. Group II took examination B as a pre-examination and examination A as a post-examination. Each examination was composed of dental terminology and speaking sections. All participants studied English learning materials via a learning management system, which included a series of four subtopics related to dental caries prevention, as re- and self-learning. Results: In the terminology section, both groups showed significantly higher post-examination scores than pre-examination scores, regardless of which examination (A or B) was taken as the pre-examination (Group I: p < 0.0001, Group II: p =0.0025). Conclusions: The English learning system using smartphones developed in this study effectively increased participants’ dental English vocabulary. English speaking skills showed no improvement and another learning style should be evaluated in a future study.
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