岡山医学会雑誌
Online ISSN : 1882-4528
Print ISSN : 0030-1558
130 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の17件中1~17を表示しています
平成29年度岡山医学会賞紹介記事
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原著
  • 川野 誠司, 岩室 雅也, 井口 俊博, 杉原 雄策, 原田 馨太, 平岡 佐規子, 岡田 裕之
    2018 年 130 巻 3 号 p. 155-159
    発行日: 2018/12/03
    公開日: 2019/01/04
    ジャーナル 認証あり
     Approximately 10 years have passed since video capsule endoscopy (VCE) was introduced in routine clinical practice in Japan. We started using VCE in January 2009. Here we investigated the contribution of VCE and its level of recognition at our 855-bed hospital. We compared the clinical characteristics of intra-hospital consultation cases with non-consultation cases, and the details of the cases from each of our hospital’s departments. The number of intra-hospital consultations was notably increased by our expansion of the indications for non-obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) cases. However, most of our hospital’s departments are sub-departments of internal medicine, in which almost no change in indications has been made. We found that the percentage of OGIB cases was higher among the intra-hospital consultations than non-consultations, and that the OGIB percentages differed markedly among the departments. Especially for OGIB cases, all hospital departments should be better informed regarding the indications for and efficacy of VCE.
  • 渡邉 真苗, 松浦 龍太郎, 難波 志穂子
    2018 年 130 巻 3 号 p. 161-166
    発行日: 2018/12/03
    公開日: 2019/01/04
    ジャーナル 認証あり
     To perform computed tomography(CT)/magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)scans safely and reliably, adherence to a pre-scan checklist is crucial. However, physicians and nurses may differ in their recognition of the usefulness of this checklist. We conducted the present study to investigate possible differences between physicians’ and nurses’ awareness of CT/MRI scan safety in terms of their adherence to the pre-scan checklist.
     We prepared an independently developed self-administered 23-item questionnaire about attributes of subjects, CT/MRI scan safety recognition and current situation for CT/MRI examinations.
     The survey was distributed to 468 participants who combined nurses and physicians at Okayama University Hospitalin Okayama, Japan. We analysis the responses of the 224 participants(117 nurses and 107 physicians)who returned the survey with on missing data(a 65.1% completion rate). The overall safety recognition scores were significantly higher for the nurses than for the physicians(p<0.001). In addition, the physicians did not sufficiently know or implement the guidelines in the CT/MRI scan safety manual used at our hospital. Nurses and physicians demonstrated marked differences in their awareness and knowledge of safety regarding CT/MRI scans. Measures for improving safety recognition should thus be designed for individual healthcare occupations.
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