There has been considerable devaluing of the acquisition and use of biological science knowledge within the nursing profession. For a more effective nursing profession based on holism, biological science should be adopted to nursing education in a systematic way. It is useful to look through the development of biological science education in nursing at SNU.There were suggestions to improve biological science education in nursing. Firstly, teaching methods in biological sciences need to be developed by instructors for more effective learning. Secondly, it was necessary that there should be clearer guidelines as to depth and scope of knowledge to be taught from the biological base theoretically as well asciences in nursing perspectives. Thirdly, instructors who teach biological sciences in nursing education are required to have their own specialties of biological science with a nursing background and to extend their knowledge base theoretically as well as clinically. Fourthly, specialist programs for biological sciences should be offered in the Graduate School of Nursing and inservice education programs of biological sciences in nursing practice should be prepared. Finally, a new curriculum of biological science in nursing at SNU was established under the guidance of nurse physiologists (Choe, 1999). Five revised biological sciences such as human structure and function with lab, nutrition and diet, pharmacology in nursing, microbiology in nursing, and pathophysiology, focus on biological knowledge on the basis of nursing science.The syllabus of Human structure and function with lab was presented as continuous endeavors to develop systematic curriculum of biological science education in nursing. In the future, nursing knowledge would be expanded to other related biological disciplines such as genetics and environmental science.
In the last few decades, the role of nursing has branched out into new dimensions of patient care, holding a unique and independent place in health care settings. Unfortunately, however, most nursing schools have not made corresponding revisions in nursing courses dealing with bioscientific aspects of nursing knowledge which will be the basis of their understanding of patients' physical problems and how they will implement the nursing process. Our College of Nursing is very aware of the importance of biological science in nursing education, and reinforced its curriculum in a recent curriculum renovation, integrating and focusing on the courses related to bioscientific aspects of nursing. In this article, a brief overview of courses including pathophysiology, pharmacology, nutrition and diet, and microbiology will be introduced.
Most nurses start their careers as clinical nurses and clinical fields require them to be sensitive to changing medical environments and to absorb current medical and nursing knowledge actively. It is common for new nurses to be frustrated because of a big gap between what they learned at school and what they should practice. Therefore, practical strategies are needed to help nursing students to be well prepared to move to clinical nursing. Some suggestions are summarized for fostering competent clinical nurses from a clinical nurse's viewpoint. First, the identity of nursing as a unique discipline should be emphasized at school. Nurses who have clear answers to what nursing is, can have a pride as a nurse and deliver nursing care more productively. Second, the curriculum of the nursing school should be standardized even though three-year college and four-year university backgrounds co-exist in the same license. Therefore, the school of nursing should guarantee students' abilities to step into clinical nursing. Third, the school of nursing should utilize expert clinical nurses as clinical professors with adequate compensation. Clinical nurses with master and doctoral degrees will remain in the clinical field long as a linking agent between theory and practice and as a role model. Fourth, an internship program should be considered to allow nursing students to broaden their scope of nursing and to deepen their clinical experience.These strategies can also help clinical nursing be accepted as a unique and challenging profession among nurses and other healthcare members.