A short-term (72-96 hours) biocompatibility evaluation in vitro of four single phase dental metal alloys was conducted by determining cell proliferation rates correlated to the organization of the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin in human fibroblast cultures. Immunocytochemical methods were performed to detect both cell proliferation rates by 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, and fibronectin arrangement, i.e., diffuse in the extracellular matrix, organized in fibrils or in focal adhesions. We showed that cell proliferation rates were related to fibronectin expression. In particular, a higher percentage of cells in the S-phase were related to a predominance of fibronectin organized both in fibrils and in focal adhesions. The alloy with the highest Au content seemed the most biocompatible among those tested, since it behaved in a very similar manner to the controls. On the contrary, fibroblasts exposed to the alloy with the highest percentage of Ag had the most different behavior as compared to the controls. We can assume that a correlation exists between fibronectin organization and the percentage of BrdU-positive cells and that these parameters are varying with the different metal composition of the alloys. The observation of fibronectin arrangement together with cell proliferation rates could be considered a useful tool to determine the biocompatibility of these biomaterials. (J. Oral Sci. 42, 1-7, 2000)
This was a retrospective study of odontogenic keratocysts in people from the SingaporeMalaysian region. The purpose of this study was to present the clinicopathologic features of odontogenic keratocysts in the Oriental population and to compare these data with those from other reported studies. Biopsy records from 1981 to 1992 of 61 cases of odontogenic keratocysts from patients in Malaysia and Singapore showed that 42.6 % of patients were female and 57.4% of patients were male. Among patients with cysts, 75.4% were Chinese, 6.6% were Malays, 9.8% were Indians and 8.2% were other ethnic groups. The mean age of these patients was 26.98±15.38 years with a peak incidence occurring in the second to fourth decades. The location of the lesions was more often in the mandible (65.5%) than the maxilla (31.0%). There was a marked predilection for lesions to occur in the posterior mandible. Histologically, 90.2 % of the cysts were lined with a parakeratinised stratified squamous epithelium while only 3.3 % of the cysts were lined with orthokeratinised stratified squamous epithelium. Mixed parakeratinised and orthokeratinised epithelial linings were observed in 4 cases (6.5%). The cyst linings were mainly uninflamed (95.1%). Inflammation of the cyst wall was found in 42 cases (68.8%). Twelve (19.7%) cases contained keratin in the lumen. A satellite cyst was observed in only 6 cases (9.8%). In conclusion, most clinical and histological features seen in this study were similar to those found for Caucasians. The only clinical feature that was different was the peak age incidence, that ranged from the second to fourth decades, with an absence of a second peak. Odontogenic keratocysts presenting at the site of the dentigerous cyst were observed in 7 cases (11.5%). (J. Oral Sci. 42, 9-14, 2000)
One of the objectives of this short communication was to add to the literature on the prevalence of oral recurrent aphthous stomatitis (ORAS). This research is based on a total of 11, 697 randomly selected Malaysian subjects with an age range of 25-115 years and a mean age of 44.5±13.9 years who were examined for oral mucosal lesions (ORAS). The prevalence of ORAS detected during the oral examination (average point prevalence) was found to be 0.5% (64 subjects). ORAS formed 5.7% of all lesions detected during the survey. The average point prevalence of ORAS was highest in the indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak (1.2%), followed by the Chinese (0.7%), the Malays (0.5%) and the Indians (0.1%). This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). A review of the English literature on the prevalence of ORAS revealed different prevalence types used by different researchers, namely average point prevalence (APP), self reported life-time prevalence (SLP) and self reported two-year prevalence (STP). The other objective of this paper was to present the different types of prevalence that have been reported in the literature and to discuss the usefulness of such prevalence types in relation to using epidemiology in deriving certain possible etiological associations. (J. Oral Sci. 42, 15-19, 2000)
In this study, a genetic factor affecting the appearance of the gutter-shaped root (GSR) in mice was examined using two inbred strains of mice, C57L/J and C57BL/6, J, and the genetic crosses of these strains. 120 Mit markers, which exist on mouse chromosome 17, have been investigated to select polymorphic markers between the two strains. Nine Mit markers with polymorphism between the two strains were obtained using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). To detect the individual genotype of 66 backcross mice, simple sequence lengthÁ polymorphism (SSLP) analysis was performed. From the results of individual genotyping using 9 informative markers, the highest linkage was determined at D17Mit260. Based on these findings, it was suggested that the gene causing the mouse GSR might be located on mouse chromosome 17 and nearby D17Mit260. (J. Oral Sci. 42, 21-26, 2000)
A new system for detection of polymeric immunoglobulin A (pIgA) -polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) binding was established. Cell lysates of a mouse pIgR cDNA transfectant, 2S9.1, were incubated with mouse polymeric immunoglobulin A (pIgA) or immunoglobulin G (IgG). The resulting immunocomplexes were precipitated with protein G-Sepharose and blotted with polyclonal anti-mouse pIgR antibody. The mouse pIgR molecule was specifically precipitated with pIgA, indicating successful detection of the pIgA-pIgR complex. Using this system, the role of N-glycosylation in pIgA-pIgR binding was examined. The pIgR molecule (molecular mass 100 kDa) after complete deglycosylation by tunicamycin treatment was still able to bind to pIgA, indicating that N-glycosylation of pIgR is not necessary for pIgA-pIgR binding. This novel system will be useful for detecting pIgA-pIgR complexes containing intact pIgR molecules. (J. Oral Sci. 42, 27-31, 2000)
This study was aimed to test the effect of fibronectin (FN), vitronectin (VN) and a fibronectin analog (fibronectin-like engineered protein) on the attachment of periodontal ligament cells to mechanically-treated and mechanically non-treated periodontally involved and non-diseased root surfaces in vitro. Periodontal ligament fibroblasts were incubated with a total of 44 periodontally diseased and nondiseased root slices which had been treated in the following manner : 1) FN applied to mechanicallytreated and non-treated root slices, 2) VN applied to mechanically-treated and non-treated root slices, 3) FN-like engineered protein applied to mechanicallytreated and non-treated root slices, and 4) mechanicallytreated and non-treated root slices. After the 1 hour incubation period in a humidified atmosphere of 95% air and 5 % CO2at 37°C, the adherence of the fibroblasts was determined using light microscopy with an ocular grid system and orientation was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. The results indicated that the number of attached cells to non-diseased cementum sites was significantly greater than the number of attached cells to diseased cementum sites for all of the groups (p < 0.05). Likewise, the number of attached cells to mechanically-treated diseased cementum sites was significantly greater than the number of attached cells to mechanically-non-treated diseased cementum sites (p < 0.05). Our findings suggest that these attachment factors cannot promote cell attachment to different cementum sites. (J. Oral Sci. 42, 33-38, 2000)
A rare case of myoepithelioma of the buccal gland in a 54-year-old Japanese woman is reported. As the swelling exhibited a normal mucosal color and was relatively well defined, showing no ulcers, a benign salivary gland tumor was suspected upon clinical inspection. Microscopically, the parenchyma of the present case mainly consisted of plasmacytoid cells with round nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, and partial spindle cells with eccentric nuclei. The stroma was composed of fibro-hyalinized or myxoid connective tissue that separated from the parenchyma. Immunohistochemically, the cytoplasm of the plasmacytoid and spindle cells was moderately positive for vimentin and GFAP, whereas the buccal gland adjacent to the tumor was negative for these antibodies. S-100 protein reactivity is strong for both types tumor cells. Actin reactivity was negative for both types of tumor cells, notwithstanding the fact that myoepithelial cells of the buccal gland were positively stained. Anticytokeratin reactivity was weak for both types of tumor cells in portions of the plexiform and solid areas; nevertheless, the buccal glands were moderately positive.These results suggest that neoplasmic myoepithelial cells exhibit abnormal differentiation and modification. There have been only two published reports of myoepithelioma arising from the buccal gland in the literature to date. (J. Oral Sci.42, 39-42, 2000)
This paper reports the first case of a dentigerous cyst containing melanin-pigment and melanocytes in the lining epithelium, and the first case of a odontogenic cyst with macroscopically visible pigmentation in the cyst wall. The patient was a 29-year-old Japanese male with a cystic lesion in the left retromolar area of the mandible. Pathologic examination revealed the lesion to be a dentigerous cyst with or without mild surface keratinization, and numerous granules of melanin-pigment were distributed in the basal cells of the epithelial lining. Furthermore, dendritic melanocytes were scattered in the basal layer. Review of the literature revealed that pigmented odontogenic cysts are uncommon, and only 11 cases have been documented; eight were odontogenic keratocyst, one was a gingival cyst, one was a botryoid odontogenic cyst, and one was a lateral periodontal cyst. The possible origin of melanocytes in odontogenic lesions is discussed. (J. Oral Sci. 42, 43-46, 2000)
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