This study was conducted in order to identify the literature on oral health status and health-related QOL, review the findings systematically, and assess the association between them. We performed a literature search of reports published between January 1973 and June 2004, using five databases including MEDLINE. Only studies that used validated generic health-related QOL instruments were selected. The reviewers evaluated selected articles independently and resolved disagreements by consensus. A total of 1,726 articles were retrieved and seven were selected for the review; five observational studies and two intervention studies. Four studies showed significant associations between oral health status and health-related QOL. Temporomandibular disorders were highly associated with reduced health-related QOL. Poor oral status linked to both craniomandibular and cervical spinal pain was associated with increased impairment of health-related QOL. Dissatisfaction with the teeth and mouth, and a sensation of dry mouth contributed to reduce health-related QOL. Providing edentulous patients with implant-supported full dentures contributed to improve health-related QOL. Assessment of health-related QOL in relation to oral health with validated instruments remains insufficient. The present findings suggest that oral health status could affect health-related QOL in some settings; however, further evidence is needed to support this interpretation. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 1-7, 2006)
A number of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are involved in regulatory mechanisms of the salivary gland development. However, the role of FGF-6 unique in myogenic cells has not been elucidated in the developing sublingual gland. In the present study, temporo-spatial expression of FGF-6 and its receptor (FGFR)-4, in conjunction with some related histo-chemical properties, were investigated in the sublingual gland of the prenatal and early postnatal mice. The earliest expression of both FGF-6 and FGFR-4 was detected in immature acinar cells at gestational day 17 (GD17). The staining intensity increased gradually and some acinar cells showed a distinct staining at postnatal day 0 (PD0). The immunopositive cells had a relatively round profile and were assumed to be acinar cells. The positive staining decreased thereafter and disappeared completely by PD11. To confirm the identity of cells positive for FGF-6, double immunolabeling with anti-αsmooth muscle actin (αSMA) and anti-FGF-6 antibodies was performed. The positive staining of αSMA, a marker of myoepithelial cells, was detected in the flattened cells surrounding the acini but not in the cells positive for FGF-6. The staining properties of secretory granules in acinar cells were also examined with periodic acid-Shiff (PAS) and alcian blue (AB). PAS-positive granules abundant in the late gestational stages (GD17 to PD0) began to be replaced with AB-positive mucous granules at early neonatal days (PD0-3), when the FGF-6/FGFR-4 expression was the strongest. These findings suggest that FGF-6/FGFR-4 might be involved in the changes of secretory granule content of acinar cells in the sublingual gland during the late gestational and early neonatal stages.(J. Oral Sci. 48, 9-14, 2006)
This study evaluated the strength required to remove glass-fiber and metallic cast posts with different lengths. Sixty endodontically treated canines were included and their roots were embedded in acrylic resin after discarding the crowns. Samples were randomly assigned to 3 groups according to the post length (n = 20): I- 6 mm, II - 8 mm and III- 10 mm. Each group was divided into 2 subgroups based on the post material (n = 10): A- glass fiber or B- metallic cast. Post-space was prepared with Fibrekor Post Kit attached to a parallelometer. In subgroup A, prefabricated glass fiber posts from Fibrekor Post Kit were utilized. In metallic post group (subgroup B), an impression of post space was obtained, followed by casting. All posts were luted with Panavia F cement. A universal testing machine determined the force required to dislodge each post. ANOVA analysis indicated significant differences (P < 0.01) among post length. Tukey test showed that posts with 10 mm-length showed higher resistance on removal than posts with 6 mm-length. Posts with 8 mm-length did not exhibit difference when compared to 6 and 10 mm posts. No significant differences (P > 0.05) were observed between the tested post materials. It was concluded that the type of post did not influence the removal resistance and that posts with 10 mm-length required greater force to be dislodged. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 15-20, 2006)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of light intensity on dentin bond strengths of four self-etch adhesive systems. The light intensities used to polymerize specimens were controlled at levels of 150, 300, 600, and 900 mW/cm2. The two-step self-etch adhesive systems Imperva Fluoro Bond and Mac Bond II, and the one-step self-etch systems Fluoro Bond Shake-One and One-Up Bond F Plus were used with their corresponding light-cured resins. Labial surfaces of lower bovine incisors were ground with #600 grit SiC paper to expose the dentin. The dentin surfaces were treated according to each manufacturer’s instructions and bonded with resin composites. A shear bond strength test was performed and the data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Newman-Keuls multiple comparison at a level of 0.05. Statistical analysis of the data indicated that light intensity affected the dentin bond strengths of the adhesive systems tested. Significantly lower bond strengths were obtained by exposure to 150 mW/cm2, and there were no differences between the bond strengths obtained at 600 and 900 mW/cm2 for all the adhesive systems used. Further research will be required to clarify the irradiance-dependent properties of light-cured resin adhesive systems. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 21-26, 2006)
The authors evaluated the imaging performance of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for dental use using 3DX multi-image micro-CT (Morita Co., Kyoto, Japan) and four-row multi-detector helical computed tomography (MDCT) using an Asteion (Toshiba, Tokyo, Japan). A dried right maxillary bone was cut into eight slices 2 mm thick toward the zygomatico-palate and used as a phantom. Images of the phantom were then taken using 3DX and MDCT. The images of two bone slices were evaluated by five dentists for image quality and reproducibility of cancellous bone, as well as enamel, dentin, pulp cavity, periodontal ligament space, lamina dura and the overall image. Using the MDCT images as the standard, the 3DX images were evaluated with a subjective 5-level scale: 3 for an image equal to the MDCT image, 4 or greater for better, and 2 or lower for worse. The scores for all parameters exceeded 4 points. Maximum mean score was 4.8 for the lamina dura. Statistically significant differences were found for all items (P < 0.01). Our subjective evaluation of imaging performance clarified that 3DX was superior to MDCT. The results of this study suggest that 3DX is useful for imaging in the dental field. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 27-34, 2006)
The bifid mandibular condyle is a rare anomaly. A variety of causes are implicated with its development such as developmental origin and trauma. Because of the lack of epidemiological data, there is little information about the real incidence of this malformation. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of bifid mandibular condyle in a 20-year-old woman who referred to a private radiological clinic for routine dental examination. A panoramic radiography incidentally revealed a discrete modification of the left mandibular condyle. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was taken and confirmed the diagnostic proposed. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 35-37, 2006)
Since abnormal tooth morphology can predispose to caries and periodontal disease, careful management of fused teeth is essential. In this paper we report a rare case of a fused molar and supernumerary tooth and describe its management. Caries was removed from the tooth complex under local anesthesia. The pulp chamber of the super-numerary tooth was exposed without involvement of second molar pulp chamber. The root canal of the supernumerary tooth was prepared using the step back technique and copious irrigation with 2.6% sodium hypochlorite. Obturation using the lateral condensation technique with gutta-percha and AH26 sealer was subsequently performed and final restoration was accomplished with composite resin. Nine months after the treatment, no clinical or radiographic concern is apparent, and the second molar tooth has remained vital. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 39-41, 2006)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a serious mucocutaneous disease that be fatal if left untreated. The oral mucosa is often the first site to be affected by the disease. It is thus important that the dentist is able to recognize oral manifestations of PV and refer appropriately. Although oral PV is a well-characterized condition, the disease characteristics of patients in Thailand have not been previously reported. Here, we describe patient and lesion characteristics of 18 cases of oral PV. For these 18 cases, the mean age was 38 years, and the male:female ratio was 1:2. The most commonly affected sites were the gingiva and buccal mucosa, and the duration of disease was approximately one year. Medications previously used included corticosteroids and interferon, and nine patients reported systemic disease. Histopathologic examination with/without direct immunofluorescence was the method of diagnosis in all cases. (J. Oral Sci. 48, 43-46, 2006)
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