The antibacterial efficacy of four endodontic medicaments was studied in vitro. Calcium hydroxide (CALACEPT), camphorated parachlorophenol (CPCP), Cresophene, and 2% iodine-potassium iodide (IKI) were tested against four anaerobic microorganisms, Streptococcus mutans, Peptostreptococcus anaerobius, Porphyromonus gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum, for 10 or 15 min. IKI was effective only against F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis, and the others were effective against all four microorganisms.
The presence of natural antibody against Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen in fresh bovine milk was demonstrated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The amount of the antibody against TF antigen was decreased after heat treatment, and the antibody was not detectable by ELISA in the milk after pasteurization. A small amount of the antibody was detected in fetal bovine serum by ELISA, suggesting the transfer of passive immunity to the calf.
The distribution of S-100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen and alpha fetoprotein was studied in 38 primary salivary gland tumors. S-100 protein, a useful marker of myoepithelial cells, was demonstrated in some benign tumors. Carcinoembryonic antigen expression was consistently positive in adenoid cystic carcinoma. Demonstration of epithelial membrane antigen helped to confirm the epithelial nature of some neoplastic cells. Alpha fetoprotein was not expressed in any of the cases examined. No correlation was found between immunopositivity and tumor behavior in the present series.
An in vitro evaluation of abrasive wear resistance of high-strength denture (HS) teeth and wear of metal plates (Pd alloy) on the opposing side was conducted. A total of 8 types of teeth were used in the experiments including 3 types of HS teeth, 3 types of conventional plastic denture (PL) teeth, porcelain teeth and metal teeth (Pd alloy). Sliding-induced wear tests were conducted by sliding these teeth over the metal plates. Abrasive wear resistance of the teeth was evaluated in terms of wear depth and weight loss. A comparison of wear depth showed that the abrasive wear resistance of HS teeth was 4.7 times that of PL teeth, 0.7 times that of porcelain teeth and 8.3 times that of metal teeth. Weight loss showed that the abrasive wear resistance of HS teeth was 3.3 times that of PL teeth, 0.2 times that of porcelain teeth and 11.4 times that of metal teeth. The weight loss of the metal plates was minimal when they slid over HS teeth, but increased in the order PL teeth, porcelain teeth and metal teeth.
The periodontal status of 54 renal transplant recipients and 52 patients with chronic renal failure receiving hemodialysis was evaluated and compared with that of systemically healthy subjects matched for age, sex, social status and the number of teeth present. The renal transplant recipients had been receiving immunosuppressive (IS) drug therapy since the time of transplantation. Both of the renal patient groups had significantly higher plaque index scores than the respective controls. By contrast, the renal transplant recipients showed significantly lower periodontal scores and pocket depths. However, there was no significant difference between the hemodialysis group and the corresponding healthy controls with regard to mean periodontal index score and pocket depth. No significant differences could be found among the three groups with regard to mean sulcular bleeding index score or gingival index score. Within the IS group, no relationship was found between the duration of drug therapy and the various periodontal parameters. The observed variations among the groups studied appear to suggest modulation of periodontal condition by both general health status in patients with chronic renal failure and the IS agents used in renal transplant recipients.
Fresh samples of human whole saliva containing approximately 20-40μg protein were analyzed using SDS-polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis systems. More than 20 protein bands were revealed by Coomassie Brilliant Blue R 250 staining. Some of the protein bands were shown to be glycoprotein-positive with PAS (periodic acid-Schiff) reagent. The protein bands with α-Amylase activity appeared within a molecular weight range of 120, 000-180, 000, which is 2 to 2.8 times higher than the normal molecular weight reported for α-Amylase from parotid saliva, and showed positive staining with PAS reagent. These results show that the α-Amylase in whole saliva appears to exist in a macromolecular form which is not dissociated in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS).
A study was performed on the functional regulator, Fränkel appliance (FR4) in order to test its efficiency in the treatment of patients with skeletal open-bite. Pretreatment and post-treatment cephalometric evaluation was done on 11 patients and 10 untreated patients with skeletal open-bite. The results showed that the FR4 appliance was mainly effective on changes in dentoalveolar structures and produced no significant skeletal changes. The degree of anterior open-bite was decreased significantly in the treatment group in comparison with the controls (p<0.01), due to vertical eruption of upper and lower incisors and retraction of maxillary incisors.