There is a critical situation that a huge amount of greenhouse gases is emitted into the atmosphere from natural coal fires in underground coal seams and spontaneous combustions in coal piles in the world. To reduce the emissions of combustion gases, such as CO2, CH4, etc., some technical challenges and researches are required related to CO2 flux measurements, developing an effective chemical water-solution extinguishes coal fires and inhibits spontaneous combustion, constructing a numerical simulation model to treat the aging effect in coal heating rate. In this article, firstly, the previous studies were reviewed to explain measurement results of CO2 emission from coal fire/spontaneous combustion fields and the aging model used to simulate coal heating rate. Secondary, a trial development of some chemical solutions has been introduced to inhibit microscopic and macroscopic coal oxidations by forming a gel. Especially, sodium meta silicate solution showed a relatively good performance shifting the critical self-ignition temperature (CSIT) of a low rank coal to be 4 to 5℃ higher than that of water by forming gel with CO2 gases in the air and combustion gases emitted from coals. The brooking effect in macro scale by forming gel is also expected to extinguish coal seam fires by reducing aperture width in fractures connecting to the atmosphere. A numerical simulation using ANSI FLUENT has showed an extinguishing fire process of an underground coal seam including a horizontal fracture that is connected inlet and outlet fractures being air paths for air and combustion gas, respectively. Finally, the the research challenges required for technical developments have been proposed to carry a project extinguishing the coal seam fires and spontaneous combustions of coal piles with reducing CO2 emissions.