Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education
Online ISSN : 1884-4553
Print ISSN : 0915-5104
ISSN-L : 0915-5104
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  • Futoshi KAMASAKI
    2020 Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 19-32
    Published: 2020
    Released: September 25, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The aim of this paper is to examine social transformation through the mediatization of sport from the perspective of Walter Benjamin's theory of technological reproducibility.

    The merit of the media (reproduction technology) that Benjamin indicated was the possibility of appreciating an artistic production anywhere and anytime. This spatiotemporal subjugation has allowed everyone to participate in sport discussions, yet has caused the loss of the here and now of artistic production. Only the aura of the original work can endow an artistic production with its here and now. An aura is an atmosphere of sorts that envelops a person or object. For example, it can be understood visually, such as when a skilled baseball player experiences the moment when a ball about to be hit by him seemed to be suspended there. That aura can no longer be experienced once it has passed through a medium where the exchange between object and gaze is lost. In this way the mediatization of sport gives rise to the tendency for the aura to decay.

    The most promising approach here is Simmel‘s and Benjamin‘s, of reading social transformations in changes of perception. Based on this, the mediatization of sport, in sensorily habituating the masses, can be considered a driver of the penetration of society by apparatus. The mediatization of sport has a decisive influence on the decay of the Aura and the penetration of society by apparatus through the mechanization of judgement as well as through expansion of the audience and of criticism.

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  • Naruhiko MIZUSHIMA, Goro ABE
    2020 Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 33-45
    Published: 2020
    Released: September 25, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this paper is a preliminary study to examine the morals that are the internal triggers of sports players in competitions.

    Regarding the moral of sport, the conclusions of prior studies are that coping therapy studies and general ethics are given priority in sport.

    This study aims to develop the discussions that are not limited to individual empirical aspects such as the former, but also follow the morals of sport, such as the latter. For the former, Kant's philosophy not derived from experience is valid. In addition, the especial logic to sport is approached from the reflection of the ancient history.

    From the above examination, it is suggested that the sport itself has a fundamental contradiction between the practical interests of economic and political foundations and the close relationship between human reason to make them.

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