Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
ISSN-L : 0915-5287
27 巻 , 5 号
May
選択された号の論文の79件中1~50を表示しています
Original Article
  • Misako Ishihara, Yumi Higuchi, Ryo Yonetsu, Hiromi Kitajima
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1283-1286
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess the trade-off relationship between the hip and ankle joints after plantarflexor training in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). [Subjects and Methods] Three boys aged 9, 10, and 13 years with spastic hemiplegic CP participated in the study. Gait analysis was performed using a three-dimensional motion analysis device and a floor reaction force detection device before and after plantarflexor training. Data on gait speed and stride length for both sides were collected. Peak hip and ankle powers in the sagittal plane and ankle-to-hip power ratio (A2/H3 ratio) were calculated. Plantarflexor training comprised heel raises and exercise band resistance at the participant’s home (3 times/week for 12 weeks). [Results] The A2/H3 ratio increased significantly on both sides in two of three subjects after training. Peak A2 power increased significantly on both sides in subject 3 and on the affected side of subject 2. Peak H3 power decreased significantly on the non-affected side of subjects 1 and 2. [Conclusion] This study confirmed that two of three subjects demonstrated a trade-off relationship between the hip and ankle joints during gait after plantarflexor training.
  • Nobuhiko Mori, Hiroshi Horino, Akiyoshi Matsugi, Noriyuki Kamata, Koic ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1287-1290
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] We investigated the effect of rhythmic ankle movement on the contralateral soleus H-reflex. The H-reflex was evoked from the right soleus muscle. [Subjects and Methods] Healthy humans rhythmically moved the left ankle (movement condition) or held the left ankle stationary (stationary condition) at one of three positions corresponding to the ankle positions at which the H-reflex was evoked in the movement condition. The background electromyographic amplitude in the right soleus muscle was maintained at 10% of the maximum voluntary contraction level, and that in the right tibialis anterior muscle was matched between the stationary and movement conditions. [Results] The soleus H-reflex was suppressed throughout all phases of contralateral rhythmic ankle movement. [Conclusion] Rhythmic movement of the contralateral joint suppresses the H-reflex in the muscle that is the prime mover of the joint homologous to the rhythmically moving joint. This inhibitory mechanism may be activated during unilateral rhythmic movement to isolate the motor control of the moving ankle from that of the contralateral stationary ankle.
  • Won-Jeong Hwang, Sujin Hwang, Yijung Chung
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1291-1293
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The study purpose was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with assistive Technology 2.0-Korean version (QUEST-K) for individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy participants with spinal cord injury were enrolled in this study. The participants were assessed using the QUEST-K in two sessions conducted 3 days apart. This study also utilized the spinal cord independence measure III and modified Barthel index for determining their validity concurrently with the QUEST-K. [Results] The test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.855) of the QUEST-K was high, indicating a good agreement. The results of the QUEST-K testing were not substantially positively correlated with those of the spinal cord independence measure III (r = −0.075) and Modified Barthel Index (r=−0.138). [Conclusion] The test-retest reliability of the QUEST-K was high in individuals with spinal cord injury. The QUEST-K could be a reliable measure for evaluating the satisfaction with assistive technology during functional performance in patients with spinal cord injury. The ability of the QUEST-K to detect actual changes is acceptable for research and clinical settings.
  • Dong Yan, Jin Shan, Yu Ze, Zeng Xiao-yan, Hu Xiao-hua
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1295-1297
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To observe the effect of combined hyperbaric oxygen therapy on patients with post-stroke depression. [Subjects] Ninety patients with post-stroke depression were randomly divided into 3 groups: fluoxetine treatment group (n = 30), hyperbaric oxygen therapy group (n = 30), and hyperbaric oxygen combined treatment group (n = 30). [Methods] Fluoxetine treatment group received anti-depression drugs (fluoxetine, 20 mg/day), hyperbaric oxygen therapy group received hyperbaric oxygen (once a day, 5 days/week), hyperbaric oxygen combined treatment group received fluoxetine and hyperbaric oxygen treatments as described above. All patients received routine rehabilitation therapy. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and Scandinavian Stroke Scale (SSS) scores were evaluated before and at the end of 4th week. The total effective rate of depression release between the 3 groups was also compared at the end of study. [Results] The end scores of HAMD and SSS in the 3 groups were significantly lower than those before treatment. The total effective rate of combined hyperbaric oxygen therapy group after treatment was higher than the other two groups. [Conclusions] Combined hyperbaric oxygen therapy plays an important role in the treatment of patients with post-stroke depression. The total effective rate of combined hyperbaric oxygen therapy was higher than other routine anti post-stroke depression treatments.
  • Tomonobu Ishigaki, Tomoya Ishida, Mina Samukawa, Hiroshi Saito, Yuya E ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1299-1302
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] Glenohumeral posterior capsule tightness possibly relates to posterior capsule thickness (PCT). The purpose of the current study was to analyze the relationships between PCT and glenohumeral range of motion (ROM) in horizontal adduction (HAdd) and internal rotation (IR). [Subjects and Methods] This study recruited 39 healthy collegiate baseball players. We measured PCT by using ultrasonography and ROM of the glenohumeral joint of the throwing shoulder by using a digital inclinometer. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated between PCT and HAdd or IR ROM. [Results] There was no correlation between PCT and HAdd ROM, but PCT was significantly correlated with IR ROM. [Conclusion] This result indicates that posterior shoulder capsule tightness only relates to IR ROM, and that restricted HAdd ROM might reflect tightness of other tissue, such as the posterior deltoid.
  • Soo Yun, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1303-1307
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effects of neurac training on pain, function, balance, fatigability, and quality of life. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects with chronic neck pain who were treated in S hospital were included in this study; they were randomly allocated into two groups, i.e., the experimental group (n = 10) and the control group (n = 10). Both groups received traditional physical therapy for 3 sessions for 30 min per week for 4 weeks. The experimental group practiced additional neurac training for 30 min/day, for 3 days per week for 4 weeks. All subjects were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS), the neck disability index (NDI), the biorescue (balance), the questionnaire for fatigue symptoms (fatigue), and the medical outcome 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) pre- and post-intervention. [Results] The experimental group effectively improved their pain, function, balance, fatigability, and quality of life. [Conclusion] Neurac training is thus considered an effective training program that enhances body functionality by improving pain, function, balance ability, fatigability, and quality of life in patients with chronic neck pain.
  • Melda Saglam, Naciye Vardar-Yagli, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Hulya Arikan, S ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1309-1312
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study investigated functional capacity, physical activity, and respiratory and peripheral muscle strength in different functional classes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) compared with healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 31 patients with class II (n = 16) or class III (n = 15) PAH, classified according to the World Health Organization. Fifteen healthy subjects served as controls. Functional capacity was assessed using the 6-minute walk test (6MWT). Physical activity was determined using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF). Respiratory muscle strength was measured using a mouth pressure device. Peripheral muscle strength was evaluated using a dynamometer. [Results] The 3 groups had similar demographic variables (p > 0.05). There were significant differences in 6MWT distance, maximal inspiratory pressure, and IPAQ categorical classification between the 3 groups (p < 0.05). Maximal expiratory pressure; total IPAQ score; and knee extensor, shoulder abductor, and hand grip strength were significantly lower in PAH patients (classes II and III) than in healthy subjects (p < 0.05). [Conclusion] As PAH progresses, respiratory muscle strength, functional exercise capacity, and physical activity decrease. Functional class should be taken into consideration when planning rehabilitation programs for this patient group.
  • Mohammed O. Al-Heizan, Sami S AlAbdulwahab, Shaji John Kachanathu, Moh ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1313-1316
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] There is a dearth of studies that have examined the occurrence of sensory processing dysfunction and its components in Saudi Arabian children with autism. Therefore, this study investigated the manifestation of sensory processing dysfunction in autism and compared the functional components of sensory processing between Saudi Arabian children with and without autism. [Subjects and Methods] A convenience sample of 46 Saudi Arabian children with autism and 30 children without autism participated in this study. The sensory processing functions of both groups were assessed with the Short Sensory Profile. [Results] The overall findings indicated that 84.8% of children with autism demonstrated definite sensory processing dysfunction. The most prevalent sensory processing dysfunctions involved the under-responsive/seeks sensation (89.13%), auditory filtering (73.90%), and tactile sensitivity (60.87%) domains. Most of the children without autism (66.66%) demonstrated typical sensory function; the most prevalent sensory processing dysfunctions involved the tactile sensitivity (33.3%), under-responsive/seeks sensation (23.33%), and movement sensitivity (20%) domains. [Conclusion] Saudi Arabian children with and without autism have clinically significant sensory dysfunctions. However, the prevalence of those sensory dysfunctions in children with autism is significantly higher than in the children without autism.
  • Min-Hyeok Kang, Dong-Kyu Lee, Soo-Yong Kim, Jun-Seok Kim, Jae-Seop Oh
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1317-1318
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gastrocnemius stretching combined with talocrural joint mobilization on weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion. [Subjects] Eleven male subjects with bilateral limited ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion with knee extended participated in this study. [Methods] All subjects received talocrural joint mobilization while performing gastrocnemius stretching. Ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion was measured using an inclinometer under weight-bearing conditions before and immediately after intervention. A paired t-test was used to analyze the difference between weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion pre- and post-intervention. [Results] A significant increase in weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion was found post-intervention compared with pre-intervention. [Conclusion] These findings demonstrate that gastrocnemius stretching combined with joint mobilization is effective for increasing weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion.
  • Jae-Seop Oh, Si-Hyun Kim, Kyue-Nam Park
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1319-1321
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 4-week program of active condylar rotation exercise on the extent of the lateral mandibular shift during mouth opening in patients with temporomandibular disorder. [Subjects and Methods] Patients with temporomandibular disorder (n = 12; 7 men and 5 women) were recruited. The active range of temporomandibular motion was recorded using 3-dimensional ultrasound-based motion analysis. The paired t-test was used to assess changes in lateral mandibular shift before and after active condylar rotation exercise. [Results] The degree of the lateral mandibular shift during mouth opening and the mouth opening-lateral mandibular shift ratio were significantly lower after active condylar rotation exercise than before the exercise. [Conclusion] Active condylar rotation exercise may effectively reduce the degree of the lateral mandibular shift during mouth opening to produce symmetrical mouth opening in patients with mild temporomandibular disorder.
  • Nanami Okawara, Shigeru Usuda
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1323-1327
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To quantify the influence of visual and under-foot-surface conditions on standing balance in patients with post stroke hemiplegia and examine associations of this ordinal score with somatosensory disturbance and walking ability. [Subjects] Sixty-six patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. [Methods] Standing balance was tested in 4 conditions (firm floor or foam rubber surface with eyes open or eyes closed) for 30 s per condition and scored using a 5-category ordinal scale. The accuracy of the standing balance score to distinguish patients above/below cut-offs for the timed up-and-go test (14 s) and functional ambulation category (4) was determined. [Results] Standing balance score was correlated with sensory impairments (tactile and vibration perception) and walking ability (up-and-go and functional ambulation category). The standing balance score distinguished patients with up-and-go times ≤14 and >14 s with moderate sensitivity and specificity, and distinguished patients with functional ambulation category <4 and ≥4 with high sensitivity and specificity. [Conclusion] Patients with post-stroke hemiplegia may be unable to adapt to changing visual or surface conditions. Therapists should perform comprehensive balance tests. The standing balance ordinal scale score was moderately correlate with walking ability, distinguishing patients according to walking ability. This scale’s validity and reliability must be assessed in clinical settings.
  • Sung-Hyoun Cho, Jung-Ho Lee, Sang-Hun Jang
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1329-1331
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] In this study, stroke patients who were intubated with tracheostomy tubes performed cervical range of motion exercises, and changes in their pulmonary and coughing functions were examined. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve stroke patients who were intubated with tracheostomy tubes participated in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned to either the control group (n=6), which did not perform cervical range of motion exercises, or the experimental group (n=6), which did perform exercises. [Results] With regards to forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume at one second, and peak cough flow rate before and after the exercises, the control group did not show any significant differences while the experimental group showed statistically significant increases in all three parameters. [Conclusion] The results indicate that cervical range of motion exercises can effectively improve the pulmonary function and coughing ability of stroke patients intubated with tracheostomy tubes, and that cervical range of motion exercises can help in the removal of tracheostomy tubes.
  • Ji-Su Yu, Duk-Hyun An
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1333-1335
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To investigate the effects of erect sitting, slouched posture with cross-legged sitting, and erect posture with cross-legged sitting on the lumbar and pelvic angles, and gluteal pressure. [Subjects] For the experiments, 17 healthy women were recruited. [Methods] All subjects were asked to perform three sitting postures: erect sitting, slouched posture with cross-legged sitting, and erect posture with cross-legged sitting. Lumbar and pelvic angles were measured using a three-dimensional motion-capture system, and gluteal pressure was measured using a pressure mat. [Results] Compared to erector sitting, slouched posture with cross-legged sitting showed significantly greater lumbar flexion, posterior pelvic tilt, and left pelvic tilt. Compared to erect sitting, erect posture with cross-legged sitting showed significantly greater lumbar flexion and posterior pelvic tilt. Compared to erect posture with cross-legged sitting, slouched posture with cross-legged sitting showed significantly greater lumbar flexion and posterior pelvic tilt. Compared to erect sitting and erect posture with cross-legged sitting, slouched posture with cross-legged sitting showed significantly greater left gluteal pressure; there was no significant difference in right gluteal pressure. [Conclusion] An erect posture can reduce changes in lumbar and pelvic angles, and gluteal pressure compared to a slouched posture during cross-legged sitting.
  • Joong-Hwi Kim, Hye-Jung Seo
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1337-1340
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study evaluated the effects of trunk-hip strengthening exercise on trunk-hip activation and pelvic tilt motion during standing in children with spastic diplegia and compared the improvement of pelvic tilt between the modified trunk-hip strengthening exercise and conventional exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Ten ambulant children with spastic diplegia were randomized to the modified trunk-hip strengthening exercise (n = 5) or conventional exercise (n = 5) group. The intervention consisted of a 6-week modified trunk-hip strengthening exercise 3 times per week. The children were tested for trunk-hip muscles activation and pelvic tilt motion during standing by surface electromyography and an inclinometer before and after the intervention. [Results] The anterior pelvic tilt angle and activation of the extensor spinae, rectus femoris, and semitendinosus during standing decreased significantly in the modified exercise group. The activation of extensor spinae differed significantly between groups. [Conclusion] Compared to the conventional exercise, the modified exercise was more effective for trunk-hip activation improvement and anterior pelvic tilt motion decrease during standing in children with spastic diplegia. We suggest clinicians use an individually tailored modified trunk-hip strengthening exercise for strengthening the weakest muscle groups in children with standing ability problems.
  • Keisuke Kon, Yasuyuki Hayakawa, Shingo Shimizu, Takeshi Tsuruga, Shin ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1341-1345
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study aimed to analyze the effect of heel pads in ankle-foot orthoses on dynamic motion aspects of gait in stroke patients from the viewpoint of energy conversion efficiency. [Subjects] Fourteen chronic stroke patients who were ambulatory and had lower extremity motor function categorized as Brunnstrom stage IV participated in the study. [Methods] A three-dimensional motion analysis system was used to assess the effect of heel pad intervention on dynamic motion gait parameters using a single-system A-B-A design. [Results] The results showed that a heel pad attached to the ankle-foot orthosis caused significant retention of the center-of-pressure at the heel during the heel rocker function and significant increase in the dorsiflexion moment and the height of the center of gravity. [Conclusion] The present study showed that a heel pad attached to the calcaneal region of an ankle-foot orthosis caused slight retention of the center-of-pressure at the heel during the heel rocker function along with center of gravity elevation in the stance phase and improved the energy conversion efficiency, especially on the non-paretic side.
  • Shuichi Tominaga, Keisyoku Sakuraba, Fumio Usui
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1347-1351
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To verify the effects of sagittal plane alignment changes in running-specific transtibial prostheses on ground reaction forces (GRFs). [Subjects and Methods] Eight transtibial amputees who used running-specific prostheses during sprinting participated. The sprint movements were recorded using a Vicon-MX system and GRF measuring devices. The experiment levels were set as regularly recommended alignment (REG; the normal alignment for the subjects) and dorsiflexion or plantar flexion from the REG. [Results] The subjects were classified into fast (100-m personal best < 12.50 s) and slow (100-m personal best ≥ 12.50 s) groups. In both groups, there were no significant differences in the center of gravity speed; further, the difference in the stance time was significant in the slow group but not in the fast group. Significant differences were observed in the step length for the fast group, whereas the stance time and step rate significantly differed in the slow group. The GRF impulse showed significant differences in the vertical and braking directions in both groups. [Conclusion] The GRFs are affected by sagittal plane alignment changes in running-specific prostheses. Moreover, our results suggest that the change in GRFs along with the altered sagittal plane alignment influenced the step length and step rate.
  • Gui Bin Song
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1353-1355
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of task-oriented bilateral arm training and repetitive bilateral arm training on upper limb function and activities of daily living in stroke patients. [Subjects] Forty patients with hemiplegia resulting from stroke were divided into a task orientied bilateral arm training group (n=20) and a repetitive bilateral arm training group (n=20). [Methods] The task-oriented group underwent bilateral arm training with 5 functional tasks, and the repetitive group underwent bilateral arm training with rhythmin auditory cueing for 30 minutes/day, 5 times/week, for 12 weeks. [Results] The upper limb function and the ability to perform activities of daily living improved significantly in both groups. Although there were significant differences between the groups, the task-oriented group showed greater improvement in upper limb function and activities of daily living. [Conclusion] We recommend bilateral arm training as well as adding functional task training as a clinical intervention to improve upper limb function activities of daily living in patients with hemiplegia.
  • Hyeonsook Rhee, Jaeho Yu, Kihun Cho
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1357-1359
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), with and without visual input, on weight distribution following exercise-induced fatigue in the dorsiflexor and plantar flexor muscles of the ankle. [Subjects and Methods] This study had a cross-sectional design. Nineteen healthy adults (10 males, 9 females; mean age 21±0.8 years) were recruited to participate in a single group repeated measurements study lasting three days. On the first day, following exercise-induced fatigue, the standing position was maintained for 30 minutes, after which the postural sway was measured with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). On the second day, TENS was applied to the ankle dorsiflexors in the standing position for 30 minutes following exercise-induced fatigue. On the last day, TENS was applied to the plantar flexors, and the postural sway was measured with EO and EC following the same exercise-induced fatigue. [Results] On level terrain, with and without visual input, there was a significant difference between the baseline values and those following TENS on the tibialis anterior. On uneven terrain (simulated by a cushion), with and without visual input, there was a significant difference between the baseline values and those following TENS on the gastrocnemius. [Conclusion] Clinically, during walking on a flat surface for only a short period of time, TENS should be applied to the tibialis anterior. If walking training is performed on a variety of terrains for a longer time, TENS should be applied to the gastrocnemius.
  • Vânia Tie Koga Ferreira, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Alessandra Kelly de ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1361-1363
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study attempted to assess the impact of pain on the life of breast cancer survivors using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). [Subjects and Methods] A cross-sectional study was conducted. Participants comprised 30 women, aged 30–80 years, who had received treatment for breast cancer (surgery and complementary treatment) at least 12 months prior to the study and had reported chronic pain related to the treatment procedures. [Results] The highest scores were found for “mood” (median: 5.00 points; first quartile: 1.00 points; third quartile: 7.25 points), “normal work” (median: 5.00 points; first quartile: 0.00 points; third quartile: 8.00 points), and “sleep” (median: 4.50 points, first quartile: 0.00 points, third quartile: 8.00 points). [Conclusion] Pain exerts a negative impact primarily on mood, normal work, and sleep among breast cancer survivors.
  • Hyun Seung Song, Jin Young Kim
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1365-1367
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study was to assessed the efficacy of a complex exercise program for the elderly, with respect to the effects on walking ability during direction change and on falls efficacy. [Subjects] In total, 40 subjects were selected for this study and assigned randomly to either a complex exercise (n = 20) or a general exercise (n = 20) group. [Methods] The complex exercise consisted of resistance and aerobic exercises. The exercise program was conducted three times a week for eight weeks. We assessed outcome measures of the four square step test, the figure-of-8 walk test, and the falls efficacy scale. [Results] After the intervention, the four step square test, figure-of-8 walk test, and falls efficacy scale values increased significantly in both the complex exercise program and general exercise groups. The complex exercise group showed a more significant improvement than the general exercise group in the figure-of-8 walk test step and falls efficacy scale scores. [Conclusion] Complex exercise improved walking ability during direction change and falls efficacy in elderly individuals.
  • Seong Doo Park, Suhn Yeop Kim
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1369-1372
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To investigate the effect of cervical exercise on neck pain, disability, and psychosocial factors in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. [Subjects] Thirty patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, who also complained of neck pain. [Methods] The cervical exercise group (n = 15) participated in cervical exercises for 30 min, 3 times/week for 6 weeks, and the control group (n = 16) underwent conventional physical therapy alone, without exercise. The exercises were performed in the following order: cervical relaxation, local muscle stabilization, and global muscle stabilization using a sling system. [Results] Compared to the control group, the cervical exercise group demonstrated significant decreases as follows: Visual analogue scale score, 4.2 vs. 1.0; Neck disability index, 3.9 vs. 1.9; and depression on the Symptom checklist-90-revised, 9.4 vs. 4.3 and on the Hopkins symptom checklist-25, 6.3 vs. 2.8. However, anxiety on the Symptom checklist-90-revised (3.1 vs. 1.3) was not significantly different. Effect sizes were as follows: Visual analogue scale score, 1.8; Neck disability index, 0.9; depression, 1.0; and anxiety on Symptom checklist-90-revised and Hopkins symptom checklist-25, 0.6 and 0.8, respectively. [Conclusion] Cervical exercise is effective in improving neck pain, disability, and efficacy of psychological treatment for depression in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Sin Ho Chung, Young Youl You
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1373-1375
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to assess intra-rater and inter-rater procedural reliability of ultrasound imaging measurements of transversus abdominis thickness. [Subjects] Thirty therapists who attended the B Hospital in Hwaseong participated in the study. [Methods] Two examiners assessed transverse abdominis thickness at rest and during contraction. Intra-class correlation coefficient with 95% confidence interval and, standard error of measurement were calculated. [Results] The intra-rater procedural reliability of ultrasound imaging measurements of transverse abdominis thickness, assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient, was 0.65–0.86 (within-day, 0.65–0.86; between-day, 0.77–0.85). The inter-rater procedural reliability of ultrasound imaging measurements of transverse abdominis thickness, assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient, was 0.72–0.86 (within-day, 0.72–0.86; between-day, 0.82–0.83). [Conclusion] Ultrasound imaging can be used as a reliable method for measurements of transverse abdominis thickness.
  • Qiuchen Huang, Lili Yu, Rui Gu, Yue Zhou, Chunying Hu
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1377-1378
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) and robot-assisted rehabilitation (RAT) on bowel function in patients with spinal cord injury with respect to defecation time and defecation drug dose (enema). [Subjects] Twenty-four patients with spinal cord injury participated in the study. All subjects had an incomplete injury ranging from level T8 to L2. [Methods] The subjects were randomly divided into BWSTT and RAT groups. Walking training was provided to both groups for 20 minutes, four times a week, for one month. The defecation time and enema dose were measured before and after the experiment. [Results] The RAT group showed significant shortening of defecation time and decrease of enema dose. [Conclusion] The results demonstrated that significantly better improvement in bowel function can be achieved with RAT.
  • Seong-Sik Kim, Byoung-Hee Lee
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1379-1381
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of action observation training (AOT) on cerebral hemodynamic changes including cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and cerebral blood flow volume (CBFvol) in healthy subjects. [Subjects] Fifteen healthy subjects participated in this study. [Methods] All subjects were educated regarding AOT, and systolic peak velocity (Vs) as well as mean flow velocity (Vm) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA), anterior cerebral artery (ACA), and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were evaluated using functional transcranial doppler with a 2-MHz probe, before and after performing AOT. [Results] Healthy subjects showed significant differences in Vs and Vm in the MCA, ACA, and PCA after AOT compared with those before AOT. [Conclusion] Our findings indicate that AOT has a positive effect in terms of an increase in CBFV and CBFvol in healthy subjects, since the brain requires more blood to meet the metabolic demand during AOT.
  • Takeshi Imura, Yuki Nagasawa, Tetsuji Inagawa, Naoki Imada, Hiroaki Iz ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1383-1386
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The efficacy of diffusion tensor imaging in the prediction of motor outcomes and activities of daily living function remains unclear. We evaluated the most appropriate diffusion tensor parameters and methodology to determine whether the region of interest- or tractography-based method was more useful for predicting motor outcomes and activities of daily living function in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Diffusion tensor imaging data within 10 days after stroke onset were collected and analyzed for 25 patients. The corticospinal tract was analyzed. Fractional anisotropy, number of fibers, and apparent diffusion coefficient were used as diffusion tensor parameters. Motor outcomes and activities of daily living function were evaluated on the same day as diffusion tensor imaging and at 1 month post-onset. [Results] The fractional anisotropy value of the affected corticospinal tract significantly correlated with the motor outcome and activities of daily living function within 10 days post-onset and at 1 month post-onset. Tthere were no significant correlations between other diffusion tensor parameters and motor outcomes or activities of daily living function. [Conclusion] The fractional anisotropy value of the affected corticospinal tract obtained using the tractography-based method was useful for predicting motor outcomes and activities of daily living function in stroke patients.
  • Pelin Yıldırım, Apdullah Yildirim, Tugce Ozekli Misirlioglu, Gokhan Ev ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1387-1389
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study evaluated the effect of age, sex, and entrapment localization on recovery time in patients treated conservatively for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow. [Subjects] Thirty-five patients (16 women and 15 men) who were diagnosed with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow using short segment conduction studies were evaluated retrospectively. [Methods] Definition of recovey was made based on patient satisfaction. The absence of symptoms was considered as the marker of recovery. Patients who recovered within 0–4 weeks were in Group 1, and patients who recovered within 4 weeks to 6 months were in Group 2. The differences between Group 1 and Group 2 in terms of age, sex and entrapment localization were investigated. [Results] Entrapment was most frequent in the retroepicondylar groove (54.3%). No significant difference was found in terms of age and entrapment localizations between Groups 1 and 2. There was a statistically significant difference between the groups for the male sex. [Conclusion] In ulnar neuropathy at the elbow, age and entrapment localization do not affect recovery time. However, male sex appears to be associated with longer recovery time.
  • Gui Do Moon, Jin Yong Lim, Da Yeon Kim, Tae Ho Kim
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1391-1395
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study compared the use of the Maitland mobilization and Kaltenborn mobilization techniques for improving pain and range of motion in patients with frozen shoulders. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 20 patients with frozen shoulder who visited Hospital H, Ulsan, Korea. The subjects were divided randomly into two groups to receive Maitland or Kaltenborn mobilization to the affected shoulder. Grade III anteroposterior oscillation and posterior translation were used for the Maitland and Kaltenborn mobilization groups, respectively. Pain and range of motion of external and internal rotation were evaluated pre- and post-intervention in both groups. Paired t-tests were used to compare the pre- and post-intervention results in both groups, and independent t-tests were used to compare groups. [Results] Both groups exhibited significant decreases in pain post-intervention. Moreover, the range of motion of internal and external rotation increased significantly post-intervention in both groups. However, there was no significant difference between groups with respect to pain improvement or range of motion. [Conclusion] The posterior Maitland and Kaltenborn mobilization techniques are effective for improving pain and range of motion in frozen shoulder patients. Therefore, we recommend both techniques for such patients.
  • Dae-In Jung, Dae-Sik Ko, Mi-Ae Jeong
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1397-1400
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study evaluated the changes in balance ability and obstacle gait after lumbar stabilization exercise and Nintendo WiiTM Sports in elderly at risk for falls. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four elderly women with at risk for falls were randomly divided into the control, lumbar stabilization exercise, and Nintendo Wii Sports groups. Static balance was measured by the Berg Balance Scale and functional reach test, dynamic balance by the timed up-and-go test, and obstacle negotiation function by crossing velocity and maximum vertical heel clearance. [Results] Both the lumbar stabilization exercise and Nintendo Wii Sports groups showed significant improvements in obstacle negotiation function after the exercise compared to the control group. Berg Balance Scale and functional reach test scores were greater in the lumbar stabilization exercise group, while the timed up-and-go test time was significantly better in the Nintendo Wii Sports groups. [Conclusion] Lumbar stabilization exercises and Nintendo Wii Sports improve falling related balance and obstacle negotiation function in elderly women at risk for falls.
  • Jong-Min Seok, Jae-Hwan Cho, Woo-Jin Jeon, Jae-Ouk Ahn
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1401-1405
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study investigated factors that affect the health of police officers by analyzing job stress, psychosocial stress, and fatigue faced by police officers in order to provide basic data for the efficient management of police officers and future comparative research. [Subjects and Methods] Police officers admitted to the National Police Hospital from March to May 2013 were surveyed to investigate their degree of stress. The questionnaire consisted of 4 areas related to patient characteristics: general and demographic characteristics factors, job stress, psychosocial stress, and fatigue. [Results] The analysis of the relationships among job stress, psychosocial health, and fatigue showed the 0%, 44.7%, and 82% of those with healthy, potential, and high risks of stress had high job stress, respectively. Meanwhile, 40.8% and 77.9% of subjects with normal and high risks of fatigue had high job stress. [Conclusion] The studies can be used as basic and comparative data for the prevention and early control of job-related diseases for police officers.
  • Soo-Yong Kim, Min-Hyeok Kang, Dong-Kyu Lee, Jae-Seop Oh
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1407-1409
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study investigated the effects of the Neurac technique on shoulder pain, function, and range of motion in patients with acute-phase subacromial impingement syndrome. [Subjects] Thirteen patients (seven females and six males) with acute-phase subacromial impingement syndrome participated in this study. [Methods] Shoulder pain, function, and range of motion were assessed before and after the application of the Neurac technique. [Results] Pain and function scores were significantly lower after than before the Neurac intervention. Shoulder range of motion was significantly greater after Neurac intervention than before it. [Conclusion] The Neurac technique is a useful intervention for patients with acute-phase subacromial impingement syndrome.
  • Yudai Yano, Hideaki Senjyu, Takako Tanaka, Masaharu Asai, Yorihide Yan ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1411-1416
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] We examined factors affecting annual change in pulmonary function in residents previously exposed to air pollution in an area where pollution has been reduced and a long time period has elapsed. [Subjects and Methods] Data of 730 officially acknowledged victims of pollution-related illness from an annual survey during 2000 to 2009 were analyzed. The primary outcome was forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), along with factors such as age, body composition, smoking habits, respiratory symptoms, and classification of medical management (an index of the need for treatment). Multiple regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with the annual change in FEV1. [Results] Three significant factors were identified: smoking habit, classification of medical management, and gender. Smoking habits and classification of medical management had stronger effects on the annual change in FEV1 than gender. [Conclusion] With an improved environment, continuation of smoking accelerates the decline in FEV1.
  • Bin Zhou, QiuChen Huang, Tao Zheng, Ming Huo, Hitoshi Maruyama
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1417-1419
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study examined the effects of neuromuscular joint facilitation on bridging exercises by assessing the cross-sectional area of the multifidus muscle and thickness of the musculus transversus abdominis. [Subjects] Twelve healthy men. [Methods] Four exercises were evaluated: (a) supine resting, (b) bridging resistance exercise involving posterior pelvic tilting, (c) bridging resistance exercise involving anterior pelvic tilting, and (d) bridging resistance exercise involving neuromuscular joint facilitation. The cross-sectional area of the multifidus muscle and thickness of the musculus transversus abdominis were measured during each exercise. [Results] The cross-sectional area of the multifidus muscle and thickness of the musculus transversus abdominis were significantly greater in the neuromuscular joint facilitation group than the others. [Conclusion] Neuromuscular joint facilitation intervention improves the function of deep muscles such as the multifidus muscle and musculus transversus abdominis. Therefore, it can be recommended for application in clinical treatments such as that for back pain.
  • Tuna Donat Hulya, Yeşilyaprak Subasi Sevgi Sevi, Acar Serap, Ozcan Ede ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1421-1427
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study determined the effects of age, gender, and participation on the benefits of a 6-month supervised exercise program on older adults. [Subjects and Methods] Eighty-five (37 women, 48 men) community-dwelling older adults participated. The chair sit-and-reach test, the 8-foot up-and-go test, the 6-minute walk test, the Berg Balance Scale, lower-body flexibility, dynamic balance, aerobic endurance, balance, metabolic rate, muscle strength, and position sense were evaluated. Repeated-measures of analysis of variance was performed including dependent variables of age, gender, and participation in the exercise program as dependent inter-subject factors and time of assessment as an intra-subject factor. [Results] Mean exercise participation was 29.88 ± 1.29 sessions. Flexibility, balance, position sense, and strength showed a significant main effect of time. There was a significant gender interaction for right shoulder flexion strength and knee extension strength, a significant gender-participation interaction for pre-/post-intervention measures of functional mobility, and a significant age-participation interaction for flexibility. [Conclusion] Exercise training improved outcomes after 6 months of supervised exercise, but the changes were similar regardless of participation level. Changes in strength were more pronounced in men than women.
  • Inanc Karapolat, Hale Uzumcugil Karapolat, Yesim Kirazli, Kazim Capaci ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1429-1433
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This prospective longitudinal study evaluated the changes in bone metabolism markers and bone mineral density of spinal cord injury patients over 3 years. We also assessed the relationships among the bone mineral density, bone metabolism, and clinical data of spinal cord injury patients. [Subjects and Methods] We assessed the clinical data (i.e., immobilization due to surgery, neurological status, neurological level, and extent of lesion) in 20 spinal cord injury patients. Bone mineral density, and hormonal and biochemical markers of the patients were measured at 0, 6, 12, and 36 months. [Results] Femoral neck T score decreased significantly at 36 months (p < 0.05). Among the hormonal markers, parathyroid hormone and vitamin D were significantly elevated, while bone turnover markers (i.e., deoxypyridinoline and osteocalcin) were significantly decreased at 12 and 36 months (p < 0.05). [Conclusion] Bone mineral density of the femoral neck decreases significantly during the long-term follow-up of patients with spinal cord injury due to osteoporosis. This could be due to changes in hormonal and bone turnover markers.
  • Jong-Hwan Park, Hyuntae Park, Seung-Taek Lim, Jin-Kee Park
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1435-1439
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study examined the effects of a 12-week exercise program on plasma level of oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in obese elderly women, who are at increased risk of heart disease morbidity. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty participants were assigned into either a control (n = 10) or a supervised exercise program (n = 10) group. The 12-week exercise intervention was performed 3 days per week and involved combined aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, and traditional Korean dance. [Results] Two-factor analysis of variance revealed significant group × time interactions for body mass, diastolic blood pressure, appendicular muscle mass. For high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the ratio of oxidized low-/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, two-factor analysis of variance revealed significant interactions (group × time), indicating responses differed significantly between the control and exercise groups after 12 weeks. [Conclusion] A 12-week low- to moderate-intensity exercise program appears to be beneficial for obese elderly women by improving risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
  • Asim Cengiz
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1441-1444
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study aimed to verify the effects of self-directed weight loss on lower- and upper-body power, fatigue index, and heart rate recovery immediately before a meaningful competition (12 hours of recovery). In addition, this study tested the hypothesis that weight loss provides advantages in strength and power, as the relative power of the wrestlers is higher than that of opponents in the same weight class who do not reduce weight. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven well-trained wrestlers volunteered for the study. At baseline, their mean ± SD age, body mass, and height were 20.45 ± 2.69 years, 74.36 ± 9.22 kg, and 177 ± 5.71 cm, respectively. Repeated-measures one-way analysis of variance was performed to analyze differences. [Results] Rapid weight loss achieved by restriction of energy and fluid intake resulted in exercise-impaired decreases in peak power and increased fatigue index. Moreover, weight loss by dehydration negatively affected cardiovascular stability. [Conclusion] Most of the negative effects of rapid weight loss disappear after a 12-hour recovery period, and relative peak power increases after weight loss.
  • Young-Hyeon Bae, Suk Min Lee, Jong Il Jo
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1445-1449
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] We assessed the influences of individualized aerobic training on body composition, knee joint muscle function, physical performance, and quality of life in chronic kidney disease patients. [Subjects] Ten chronic kidney disease patients undergoing dialysis. [Methods] Overall physical function and quality of life before and after 12 weeks of aerobic training were evaluated by body composition, the six-minute walk test, cardiopulmonary exercise tests, and Short Form 36-item questionnaire. [Results] The six-minute walk test distance increased significantly after 12 weeks aerobic training. Resting metabolic rate, lactate threshold, maximum oxygen uptake, and quality of life tended to increase after training. Post-training weight, muscle mass, body fat mass, fat percentage, body mass index, and peak torque of right and left knee extension and flexion did not change significantly. [Conclusion] Intra-dialytic training can a safe approach to maintain or improve physical performance and quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis without adverse events or negative cardiovascular responses. Aerobic training may prevent a decline in body composition and knee joint muscle function due to inactivity in chronic kidney disease patients. Clinically, aerobic training may initially be adapted to maintain overall physical function or improve quality of life in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis.
  • Min-Sung Ha, Yeong-Ho Baek, Jong-Won Kim, Do-Yeon Kim
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1451-1453
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study analyzed the effects of yoga exercise on maximum oxygen uptake, cortisol level, and creatine kinase myocardial bond activity in female patients with skeletal muscle pain syndrome. [Subjects] The subjects were 24 female patients with skeletal muscle pain syndrome. [Methods] The subjects were divided into 2 groups: a yoga exercise group (n = 12) and a non-exercise control group (n = 12). Body composition, maximum oxygen uptake, cortisol level, and creatine kinase myocardial bond activity were measured before and after a 12-week yoga exercise program. [Results] After the 12-week yoga exercise program, the exercise group exhibited slightly higher maximum oxygen uptake and creatine kinase myocardial bond activity than the control group, but the differences were not statistically significant. In addition, the exercise group exhibited a significant decrease in cortisol level. [Conclusion] Regular and continuous aerobic exercise such as yoga improves body composition, maximum oxygen uptake, cortisol level, and creatine kinase myocardial bond activity in female patients with skeletal muscle pain syndrome.
  • Eung-beom Kim, Young-dong Kim
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1455-1457
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study determined the effects of kinesiology taping on the upper-extremity function and activities of daily living of patients with hemiplegia. [Subjects] The experimental group and control group comprised 15 hemiplegia patients each. [Methods] This study was performed from June 4 to December 22, 2012, involving 30 hemiplegia patients. The experimental and controls groups performed task practices for 30 minutes, 3 times per week for 28 weeks with and without taping, respectively. [Results] After treatment, there were significant differences in every outcome measures within each group except for the Brunnstrom recovery stage of the hand. However, there was a significant difference in functional independence movements between the groups. [Conclusion] Task practice has the same effectiveness regardless of the taping of the upper extremities. Nevertheless, taping is helpful for improving both the functions and activities of daily living in patients with hemiplegia.
  • KyoChul Seo, Seung Hwan Park, KwangYong Park
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1459-1462
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study aims to examine stroke patients’ changes in dynamic balance ability through stair gait training where in proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) was applied. [Subjects and Methods] In total 30 stroke patients participated in this experiment and were randomly and equally allocated to an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group received exercise treatment for 30 min and stair gait training where in PNF was applied for 30 min and the control group received exercise treatment for 30 min and ground gait training where in PNF was applied for 30 min. For the four weeks of the experiment, each group received training three times per week, for 30 min each time. Berg Balance Scale (BBS) values were measured and a time up and go (TUG) test and a functional reach test (FRT) were performed for a comparison before and after the experiment. [Results] According to the result of the stroke patients’ balance performance through stair gait training, the BBS and FRT results significantly increased and the TUG test result significantly decreased in the experimental group. On the contrary, BBS and FRT results did not significantly increase and the TUG test result did not significantly decrease in the control group. According to the result of comparing differences between before and after training in each group, there was a significant change in the BBS result of the experimental group only. [Conclusions] In conclusion, the gait training group to which PNF was applied saw improvements in their balance ability, and a good result is expected when neurological disease patients receive stair gait training applying PNF.
  • Seong Hoon Park
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1463-1465
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study determined the effects of passive static stretching on blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. [Subjects] Fifteen patients (8 males and 7 females) with type 2 diabetes were recruited and randomly assigned to the control group or passive static stretching group. [Methods] Glycated hemoglobin was measured before and after the 8-week training period. [Results] Glycated hemoglobin levels decreased significantly in the passive static stretching group, and there were significant differences in blood glucose levels between the 2 groups. [Conclusion] Passive static stretching of the skeletal muscles may be an alternative to exercise to help regulate blood glucose levels in diabetes patients.
  • Jiao Sun, Katsuko Kanagawa, Junko Sasaki, Syuichi Ooki, Huali Xu, Li W ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1467-1471
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To investigate the effect of Tai Chi on cognitive and physical function in the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] A randomized trial design was used. A total 150 subjects were enrolled and were divided into Tai Chi and control groups. Subjects in the Tai Chi group participated Tai Chi for 6 months, and subjects in the control group participated in other non-athletic activities. [Results] There were no differences between the groups in the one leg standing time with eyes open, left grip strength, or the Frontal Assessment Battery at bedside after 3 and 6 months of intervention. The Mini-Mental State Examination scores after 3 and 6 months were higher in the Tai Chi group than in the control group. The right grip strength after 3 months increased more in the Tai Chi group than in the control group. Both the 5-m high walking speed and 10-m normal walking speed were significantly lower after 3 and 6 months of Tai Chi practice. [Conclusion] These results suggest that regular Tai Chi practice may improve cognitive and physical function in the elderly.
  • Sang Jin Kim, So Hyun Park, Chang-Ryeol Lee
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1473-1475
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study compared the muscle activities of the neck and upper-limb muscles between able-bodied individuals and persons with paraplegia during wheelchair propulsion on the ground. [Subjects and Methods] The muscle activities of the neck and upper-limb muscles of 8 normal individuals and 8 individuals with paraplegia were analyzed during wheelchair propulsion. The activities of the latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, anterior/posterior deltoids, triceps brachii, extensor carpi radialis, and sternocleidomastoid muscles were assessed. [Results] The paraplegic group showed significantly higher sternocleidomastoid activity than the normal group. Latissimus dorsi activity was also higher in the paraplegia group than in the normal group, but the difference was not significant. There were no significant differences in the other muscle activities between groups. [Conclusion] Paraplegic patients tend to use the sternocleidomastoid and latissimus dorsi muscles with greater degrees of activity. Therefore, physiotherapists should not overlook the treatment of these muscles for paraplegic patients who are long-term wheelchair users.
  • Genichi Tanino, Yutaka Tomita, Shiho Mizuno, Hirofumi Maeda, Hiroyuki ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1477-1480
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] To develop a device for measuring the torque of an ankle joint during walking in order to quantify the characteristics of spasticity of the ankle and to verify the functionality of the device by testing it on the gait of an able-bodied individual and an equinovarus patient. [Subjects and Methods] An adjustable posterior strut (APS) ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) was used in which two torque sensors were mounted on the aluminum strut for measuring the anterior-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) directions. Two switches were also mounted at the heel and toe in order to detect the gait phase. An able-bodied individual and a left hemiplegic patient with equinovarus participated. They wore the device and walked on a treadmill to investigate the device’s functionality. [Results] Linear relationships between the torques and the corresponding output of the torque sensors were observed. Upon the analyses of gait of an able-body subject and a hemiplegic patient, we observed toque matrices in both AP and ML directions during the gait of the both subjects. [Conclusion] We developed a device capable of measuring the torque in the AP and ML directions of ankle joints during gait.
  • Ko Onoda, Ming Huo, Hitoshi Maruyama
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1481-1483
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the change in standing balance of younger persons after neuromuscular joint facilitation (NJF) treatment. [Subjects] The subjects were 57 healthy young people, who were divided into three groups: The NJF group, and the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) group and the control group. [Methods] Functional reach test and body sway were measured before and after intervention in three groups. Four hip patterns of NJF or PNF were used. Two-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons were performed. [Results] The rate of change of FRT in the NJF group increased than the PNF group. The root mean square area at NJF and PNF group increased than control group. [Conclusion] The results suggest that caput femoris rotation function can be improved by NJF treatment, and that improvement of caput femoris rotation contributes to improve dynamic balance.
  • Jae-Keun Jeon, Seung-Kyu Park, Joon-Hee Lee
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1485-1490
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] This study aimed to examine the expression of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and type I collagen by applying high voltage pulsed current stimulation (HVPCS) with a visible contraction intensity to white rats with induced wounds. [Subjects] Thirty-six white rats were used for this study. HVPCS with a non-visible contraction intensity was applied to experimental group I, and HVPCS with a visible contraction intensity was applied to experimental group II. Placebo stimulation was applied to the control group. [Methods] After wounds were triggered, the intervention appropriate for each group was applied. Changes in the size of their wounds and expression of TGF- β1 and type I collagen were measured on the third, fifth, and seventh days. [Results] Comparison of the sizes of the wounds among the groups showed that the most significant decreases were found in experimental group II on the fifth and seventh days. TGF-β1 expression comparison revealed that experimental group II had the most expression on the fifth day. [Conclusion] HVPCS with a visible contraction intensity was effective in promoting wound healing by increasing expression of TGF-β1 and synthesis of type I collagen.
  • Young-Je Sim, Yong-Hyun Byun, Jaehyun Yoo
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1491-1494
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of static stretching at warm-up on the isokinetic muscle torque (at 60°/sec) and muscle power (at 180°/sec) of the flexor muscle and extensor muscle of the knee joint. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 10 healthy students with no medically specific findings. The warm-up group and warm-up with stretching group performed their respective warm-up prior to the isokinetic muscle torque evaluation of the knee joint. One-way ANOVA was performed by randomized block design for each variable. [Results] The results were as follows: First, the flexor peak torque and extensor peak torque of the knee joint tended to decrease at 60°/sec in the warm-up with stretching group compared with the control group and warm-up group, but without statistical significance. Second, extensor power at 180°/sec was also not statistically significant. However, it was found that flexor power increased significantly in the warm-up with stretching group at 180°/sec compared with the control group and warm-up group in which stretching was not performed. [Conclusion] Therefore, it is considered that in healthy adults, warm-up including two sets of stretching for 20 seconds per muscle group does not decrease muscle strength and muscle power.
  • Tomonobu Ishigaki, Tomoya Ishida, Mina Samukawa, Hiroshi Saito, Motoki ...
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1495-1497
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the upper, middle, and lower trapezius muscles’ activity in the different planes of shoulder elevation. [Subjects] Twenty male subjects volunteered for this study. [Methods] Surface electromyographic (EMG) activity for each of the three regions of the trapezius muscles in the three different planes of elevation were collected while the participants maintained 30, 60, and 90 degrees of elevation in each plane. The EMG data were normalized with maximum voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC), and compared among the planes at each angle of elevation. [Results] There were significantly different muscle activities among the elevation planes at each angle. [Conclusion] This study found that the three regions of the trapezius muscles changed their activity depending on the planes of shoulder elevation. These changes in the trapezius muscles could induce appropriate scapular motion to face the glenoid cavity in the correct directions in different planes of shoulder elevation.
  • Youngju Park, Moonyoung Chang, Kyeong-Mi Kim, Duk-Hyun An
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1499-1501
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mirror therapy with tasks on upper extremity unction and self-care in stroke patients. [Subjects] Thirty participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n=15) or a control group (n=15). [Methods] Subjects in the experimental group received mirror therapy with tasks, and those in the control group received a sham therapy; both therapies were administered, five times per week for six weeks. The main outcome measures were the Manual Function Test for the paralyzed upper limb and the Functional Independence Measure for self-care performance. [Results] The experimental group had more significant gains in change scores compared with the control group after the intervention. [Conclusion] We consider mirror therapy with tasks to be an effective form of intervention for upper extremity function and self-care in stroke patients.
  • Yoshinobu Yoshimoto, Yukitsuna Oyama, Mamoru Tanaka
    2015 年 27 巻 5 号 p. 1503-1506
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/05/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the threshold for classifying walking independence in stroke patients with and without cognitive disorders. [Subjects] The subjects were 130 patients with initial stroke hemiplegia. [Methods] The following factors were analyzed for associations with walking independence: Brunnstrom stage, one-leg standing time on the paralytic side, one-leg standing time on the non-paralytic side, and 10-m walking speed. We classified the patients with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores ≥24 points into the high-score group and those with MMSE scores of ≤23 points into the low-score group and examined the main factors and cutoff values associated with walking independence in each group. [Results] The high-score group included 69 subjects (53.1%), and the low-score group included 61 subjects (46.9%). The primary factor associated with high MMSE scores among the stroke patients was the 10-m walking time. Using a cutoff level for the 10-m walking speed of 41.4 m/min resulted in a positive likelihood ratio of 6.3. The primary factor associated with low MMSE scores among the stroke patients was the 10-m walking time. Using a cutoff level for the 10-m walking speed of 48.0 m/min resulted in a positive likelihood ratio of 7.6. [Conclusion] The cutoff value for the 10-m walking speed can be used to evaluate walking independence in patients with stroke among patients with high or low MMSE scores.
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