[Purpose] To establish a quantitative kinematic assessment method for examining postural stability and physical mobility during dance-based exergaming. [Participants and Methods] Fifteen young adults participated in one session of dance-based exergaming assessment using segments from Kinect ‘Just Dance 3’ consisting of slow-, medium-, and fast-paced songs. A motion capture system was used to record full body kinematics, and a customized MATLAB code was used to compute the variables of interest, such as center of mass sway area, excursion, and peaks, as well as step count and joint excursions. [Results] Total center of mass sway area and excursion were significantly greater for slow-paced (total sway area=1,077.6 ± 209.9 cm2; total excursion=629.8 ± 380.5 cm) and fast-paced (total sway area=314.1 ± 133.6 cm2; total excursion=478.5 ± 149.0 cm) songs than for the medium-paced song (total sway area=212.9 ± 346.0 cm2; total excursion=311.2 ± 119.5 cm). Joint excursion was greater for the knee (ranging from: (slow to fast-paced songs: 55.5°–83.1°) and hip (slow to fast-paced: 40.6°–50.4°) than for the ankle (slow to fast-paced: 32.2°–46.7°) for all three dance paces. Additionally, step count was significantly, positively correlated with song pace (r=0.52). [Conclusion] The current study was able to quantify and provide normative values for postural control and joint mobility among healthy young adults during dance-based exergaming with 3 hip-hop songs of different paces from the Microsoft Kinect ‘Just Dance 3’. The results indicated that different paces (intensities) of dance songs corresponded to distinct movement kinematic trends, particularly with slow-paced song having the maximum center of mass excursion and lowest joint excursion, while fast-paced song exhibits the reverse, along with medium-paced song exhibiting the highest hip and ankle joint angle excursions, while the fast-paced song had increased knee joint angle excursions.
[Purpose] We investigated the effects of a specifically designed exercise program that focused on the arches of the foot and the forefoot (the “Building Osteo Neatly Exercise” program) in college-aged females. [Participants and Methods] Forty college-aged females were divided randomly into experimental and control groups. The experimental group underwent the Building Osteo Neatly Exercise program for 60 min once a week for 4 months. In both groups, the plantar pressure distribution and quantitative ultrasound parameters of the calcaneus (speed of sound and bone area ratio) were evaluated at the beginning and end of the study. The plantar pressure distribution during walking was measured using a pressure plate to evaluate the deviation from the ideal values for the following: contact time, contact duration, peak pressure time, and foot pressure, all measured in the rear foot (the external and internal sides), medial forefoot including (the hallux and second and third toes), and lateral forefoot (the fourth and fifth toes). [Results] After completing the program, the speed of sound and bone area ratio had increased significantly in the experimental group and were significantly higher than those in the control group. The experimental group showed significant improvements in the deviations from the ideal values in contact time and contact duration in the medial forefoot, all four parameters in the lateral forefoot, and pressure in the rear foot. [Conclusion] College-aged females who participated in the Building Osteo Neatly Exercise program once weekly for 4 months exhibited significant improvements in bone strength in the calcaneus and in foot function, as shown by the plantar pressure distribution. Further studies are needed to examine the outcomes of the Building Osteo Neatly Exercise program in an elderly population.
[Purpose] We aimed to translate and validate a Japanese language version of the cerebral palsy quality of life for children questionnaire for primary caregivers and assess the relationship between quality of life of Japanese parents and their children’s motor skills. [Participants and Methods] Fifty children (aged 4 to 12 years) and their parents (mothers) were enrolled. The parent-proxy version of the cerebral palsy quality of life for children questionnaire translated to Japanese was administered, and a validation study was performed using Cronbach’s α as the key metric. The relationships between the parents’ quality of life and children’s Gross Motor Function Classification Scale levels were analyzed. [Results] We found that the age of the children and their parents and gender of the children were not significant factors affecting the quality of life domains. Significantly high values of internal consistency were detected among items within each quality of life domain, wherein Cronbach’s α was between 0.72 and 0.89. Two quality of life domains (Emotional well-being and Feeling about functioning) were significantly associated with Gross Motor Function Classification Scale levels. [Conclusion] Our data suggest that the original English version of the cerebral palsy quality of life for children questionnaire for primary caregivers was successfully translated to Japanese for use by Japanese-speaking parents caring for their children.
[Purpose] This pilot study aims to determine whether improvements in postural sway, particularly among older adults, can be augmented immediately after training participants to activate and isolate the transverse abdominis (TrA) muscle. [Participants and Methods] Fifty six participants (in three age groups) took part in a single session TrA training intervention. Aspects of postural sway, balance and muscle activation patterns were measured before and after training and compared. [Results] There was significant improvement across four of six postural sway variables for the combined sample of all age groups. Older adults improved more than younger and middle-age participants in two important postural sway variables. No marked differences were evident in static reach distance across all age groups. There were no differences between groups with regard to surface electromyography (sEMG) amplitudes despite the emergence of different activation patterns among age groups. [Conclusion] Immediate effects were induced in postural sway measures after the single session training intervention. By improving neuromuscular control of the TrA and maximizing the efficiency of related proximal core muscles center of pressure (COP) sway velocities decreased during single limb standing (SLS).
[Purpose] The aim of this case study was to determine if VT could be included into a rehabilitation programme by monitoring the progress of muscle pain, range of motion and muscle strength. [Participant and Methods] An international male master hockey player sustained a medial gastrocnemius 5 cm tear prior to the World Cup. VT was applied early in the rehabilitation programme where 9 sessions of VT were performed during the first 16 days. Other conventional rehabilitative exercises were included. [Results] Twenty-eight days post-injury the athlete returned to full playing. Calf pain had subsided by day 8 with a change of 12° in ankle dorsi flexion range of motion. Grade 5 calf strength was attained by day 16, which was equivalent to the unaffected limb’s strength. There were no residual side effects of including VT into the rehabilitation programme and it did not compromise the athlete’s recovery. [Conclusion] To ensure optimal loading of VT, 9 sessions were implemented and progressively increased; consequently, there was no detrimental effect on the rehabilitative process. The athlete reported no side effects of using VT and its ease and time efficient application has a role to complementing soft tissue injury rehabilitation.