The purpose of this research is to identify whether Integrated Coastal Management (ICM), which has been increasingly promoted since the Basic Act on Ocean Policy came into force in 2007 and the Basic Plan on Ocean Policy was established in 2008, is effective in solving problems in coastal fisheries and the coastal environment. The research includes two subtopics: 1) to review the ICM concepts, definitions and policy trends of Japan and 2) to analyze the Nature Restoration Activities on the Fushino River Tidal Flats and Estuaries, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan from the ICM point of view and the paper concludes the challenges to implement ideal ICM policies in order to solve those coastal fisheries and environmental problems in Japan.
The export of fresh tuna is seen as an avenue for economic development in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs). In order to promote fresh tuna export, this paper attempts to identify and analyze the distribution system for fresh tuna from Pacific Island Countries (PICs) to Japan. The analysis is expected to pinpoint the main factors that contribute to either assist or hinder the development and improvement of fresh tuna distribution system. Such improvement is expected to consequently assist the economic development of PICs. Three PICs with various degree of success in fresh tuna export were chosen as representative of certain degree of success. They were Fiji, Tonga and Solomon Islands.
The main finding of this research is that the most important factor in the distribution system for fresh tuna is quality control. Better control of the tuna quality from harvest to final destination is very vital as the economic return will depend on the quality of the tuna. The distribution channel is build according to how quality can be best controlled and managed. The fastest passage is sought out for speedy distribution as time is very critical when dealing with fresh tuna. This research identified two main tools for the reinforcement and facilitation of quality control; (1) flight availability and (2) availability offacility such as wharves, processing facilities, ice maker, and airports. Assuming these tools are acquired, preservation of the tuna quality will be manageable hence allowing a smooth distribution of high quality tuna to its target market. An effective distribution channel is the channel with the shortest distribution duration and it can be achieved if the tools mentioned above are available.
A great deal of cultured Mussel is produced in China. Shandong province is most Largest production area and Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang province are continued.
Shengsi in Zhoushan Qundao Zhejiang province grew up to Mussel production area and became main industry in Shengsi area.
A cause of the development of Mussel culture in Shengsi region is suitable for get the natural seed of Mussel because Shengsi area consists a shore reef. In addition to that China and Zhejiang government introduce conversion policy from fishing boat fisheries to expantion fish culture.
Forthermore expansion fish market in according with demand pull for raise national Income, particularly Zhoushan Qundao gained an advantage approach for Shanghai, Ningbo city. It is not only expansion of domestic market but also expansion foregine market.
Mussel culture gain large income compare with to fishing boat fisheries and Mussel culture can working advanced in age.
Mussel culture must find out any proper measures to take correspondence systematic activety for aboundance preservation of fishing ground.
This study focuses on “Ishikawa no Asa-tore-mon” project, which is tackled to utilize fresh seafood at “Asa-seri (morning auction)” in Kanazawa central wholesale market from April 2012, and activities of “Visualization (Mieru-ka)” by participating traders.
Result in investigation, the difficulty of the intentional activity with highly motivation and continuation of “Visualization” in sales stage has grasped. Moreover, participation by producers is not served concretely except shipping activity. It became clear that the cognition on “Asa-seri” or “Ishikawa no Asa-tore-mon” by consumer was also low. For resource utilization and improvement of distribution environment, it is necessity some device to cooperate easily and the substantial mutual learning among all concerned.