This paper is prepared as the keynote speech of the 57th symposium on “New types of business in local fisheries and coastal communities”, held in 2015.
This symposium focused on ordinary citizen who participates in a fisheries and would like to live in the future, in a fisheries and a fishing villages. Each theme of this symposium is considered in interdiscipline, new shape of the fishery management, nature of the manager, impact to a local community of tourism, personnel training of human resources of a university and appearance of empowerment of a local community. The purpose of this symposium is to identify effective approach to aspect of ordinary citizen and consumer is required to sustainable development of local fisheries.
This paper analyzes the next problems as keynote in the symposium. Firstly, at issue of falling birthrate and depopulation analyze the influence exerted on the structure of Japanese Society and economy. In addition, these issues analyze influence and the relationship to the marine products industry, the fishery area. Secondly, these issues examine the influence on policy and measure, and the influence to the fishery area. Thirdly, it designs the landing site as the symposium while looking back on the past discussion of the journal of regional fisheries. New types of business in fisheries and coastal communities are an important topic, with increasing concern on their externality. Universities would be able to contribute to the development of human resource in fisheries and coastal communities. An aspect of ordinary citizen and consumer is required to sustainable development of local fisheries.
The purpose of this study was to try modeling the kind of management qualities and management sentiment required for sixth sector industrialization management and management bodies in Ehime Prefecture. We separated management and management bodies into four types according to business directions and target customers, and modeled the self-assessment of each type applying the non-financial evaluation criteria used by financial institutions when screening loans. As a future research topic, the management qualities and mindset to of sixth sector industrialization managers and management bodies (not limited to external factors, such as transportation infrastructure, and influenced by internal factors, such as local culture) indicated the necessity of examining the type of sixth sector industrialization managers and management bodies appropriate to regional characteristics.
The purpose of this study is to consider strategies to avoid the decrease in the number of fishery workers and fishery management units by focusing on there construction of management organization. For this purpose, the need and the effectiveness of implementing an organized management system are analyzed in this paper.
In this study, the target to be considered is the LLP: Limited Liability Partnership, which was able to be established after the introduction of a law related to this subject in 2005. This study was conducted with the administration (Yamaguchi prefecture), the fisheries cooperative associations (FCAs), and fishermen. The case studies were squid-fishing fishery in area A of Hagi city in Yamaguchi prefecture and Spanish mackerel pole-and-line fishing fishery in area B of Shimonoseki ctiy in the same prefecture, which are LLPs that were established in Yamaguchi prefecture within recent years.
As a result of this study, it was found that the administration, FCAs, and fishermen recognize the need and effectiveness of organized management; however, it was found that LLP has not been able to be utilized effectively because the business mode of the future has not been able to be identified. The challenge from now is to look into the future business mode prospects and to shape the way of running the organized group management system.
This paper clarifies the effort and problems of symbiosis/convection between cities and rural areas towards the revitalization of fishing villages, a case study on Susami-cho and Kushimoto-cho in Wakayama prefecture.
Recently, this approach have attracted attention towards the revitalization of fishing villages, in crisis caused by the breakdown or disappearance of fishing villages. The interview revealed that a case study; it can’t be expected that the increase of this approach has a significant effect on revitalization of the economy and creation of employment opportunities in fishing villages, but It’s mentioned that “pride to the local fishery and fishing villages” are being taken back, through regional resources that act as regions’ strengths-products of regional agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, tourism resources, etc.-will be unearthed.
To that end, such approach also leads to maintenance of a motivation and improvement to production activities of a fisherman.
This paper purposed to identify whether a local-oriented curriculum course at agriculture faculty of a university would benefit to a local society helping students to get experience of field works, with focus on its development process and current situation. This paper had three specific objectives. The first was to clarify what role education of university should have on human resource development in fisheries and coastal societies. The second objective was to consider function and possibility of local-oriented curriculum course prepared through collaboration between the university and the local society. Lastly, a case study on Faculty of Applied Biological Science, Hiroshima University was conducted. For the long run basis, such a curriculum course with support from the local society would lead to human resource development in fisheries and coastal community.
This paper aims to identify the practices required for sustainable rural development from the process of a challenge of fishermen through a community-based approach in the Yamaguchi Prefecture of Japan. The prevalent occupation within the case study community is fishing, especially a method of fishing using fixed shore nets. In 2004 the crew lost the means of their production due to a destructive typhoon. Consequently the crews gave up on their collective net fisheries and they disbanded their cooperative. After that, they felt a disintegration of social norms governing their behavior and observed a break down in some of their social relationships. Sometime after, a community leader suggested restart their cooperative. Despite some objections in 2006 the fishermen restarted their net fishing. Their fish was identified as a feature of the revitalized local community and had a positive impact on the culture of the wider area. A few newcomers to the community became crews for the cooperative. In 2015 their cooperative reorganized itself into a corporation. This study demonstrates that it is most important to stabilize regional industries, create viable occupations and encourage the continuation of a society’s culture and heritage.
In this paper, it aims at clarifying about the working actual condition of harpoon fishery that depend on skill of individual fisherman, and why harpoon fishery has kept up till nowaday in Higashimuro District in Wakayama prefecture. Because the harpoon fishery is greatly influenced by elements, such as fisherman’s technology level, his intuition and natural circumstances. So this kind of fishery is inefficient. The following two points are gained as the factor which harpoon fishery has kept up.
(1)By decline of whale meat price and rise of fuel price, the harpoon fishermen have made their effort into saving number of workers, and reducing management cost. In addition, the fishing form changed from former style into new one. And it is the fishing style connected with main fishing.
(2) It is that the fishermen with the skillful technology in which can be increased fishery output, can be operated more efficiently, and can turn a profit on fishing production remain in TAIJI-town.
After the setting of Payao in Okinawa, the fishing grounds of bonito-fishing is mainly around the Payao. Bonitos throng around the Payao. Payao is one of the sub fishing gear of bonito-fishing now. However, in 2015, it reported the deterioration of the thronging around Payao by many fishermen. In this case, fisherman is expected to use the fishing grounds expecting Payao. This paper reports the reaction by the fishermen in Motobucho and Irabu-island for the deterioration of the thronging around the Payao of Bonitos. Fisermen in Motobu-cho have continued to be forced to use the Payao, because of the lack of baits and geographical problems, and in other areas could use other fishing grounds by applying the daily experiences.
Mini Boat is the name of a vessel whose length is less than 3m and output of engine is 2 or less hose powers. Captains of Mini Boats in Japan need no licenses and there are no rules for Mini Boat. Fishers are irritated that the Mini Boat captains often know little about basic navigation rules and Mini Boats are too small to find out by radar system on fishing boats. This paper is based on interviews with fishermen’s cooperative associations in Fukui Prefecture. The fact is there are few accidents between fishers’ boats and Mini Boats because fishers avoid or make room for Mini Boats. Some rules are necessary for Mini Boat captains’ safety.
In Chiba-prefecture, 4 fisheries co-operative associations at Kyonan-town and Minamibousou-city, manage set net fishery. And they start managing restaurants. As a match to sixth industrialization, we analyzed four cases, the background and present state for an establishment of restaurants. By comparatively analyzing plural examples, we make a future issues obvious.
They use fish caught by set net fishery as principal food materials, they attach an added value for fish. A set net fishery catch various fish, and a fishing field is near from a harbor, marine products keep high freshness. In restaurant, they effectively can use small quantity of fish species also as food materials. Regional employments also expand, and a regional economic influential effect also expands.
This paper focuses on a company (“Company A”) that is trying to build a new processing and distribution system in the Uwa Sea region. It analyzes the market fit of “Company A” with respect to the market for cultured fish and strategies to increase the value of cultured fish. Local seafood distributors have contributed to the development of aquaculture in the Uwa region; however, in recent years, the speculative system of local seafood distributors and management of farmers has deteriorated. Given these circumstances, Company A seeks to achieve relationship marketing that connects the region and consumption areas. In addition, we confirmed that company A realized the postponement distribution system of “Orange Fish” works. This study revealed that to build a distribution system adapted to consumer needs, Company A connected the farmers and the actual demander by developing a new product in collaboration.
Laver is the Korean food representative. However, there are some problems related with it. First, laver in Korea is still using inorganic acid. Some of fishermen have been using it for increasing production. However, the consumers request the safe and secure foods. Second is the complexity of laver distribution system. The complexity of distribution process in the laver industry happen because it is not consumed as a raw food. Therefore distributors can control the price. These problems effect on the difficulties of fishermen financial. Jangheung organic laver was established to solve these problems but it has minimum effects.