Fisheries co-management is a resource management regime that closely cooperates with local fishers’ activities and administrative agencies’ legal management measures. In Japan, historically the fisheries policy has been implemented through co-management. In order to improve fisheries co-management in Japan, new scheme is required for fishers to evaluate and improve their fisheries management activities. In this paper, the concept and methodology for self-assessment scheme to improve the management of coastal fisheries was developed. Then, fishers’ workshops were conducted in Shimonoseki-Gaikai region, western Japan, and practical solutions were discussed. Proposed self-assessment scheme allows to identify strategies and specific ideas for improvements with fishers. As a result, local stakeholders utilized fishers’ self-assessment results to decision making processes for revising the “Seashore Revitalization Plan”.
This paper shows history of sardine fishery in Bali strait, Indonesia in terms of an industrial system involving fish capture technique, fish processing and distribution. Purse seine was introduced to the area to meet demand of material needed for sardine canning industry founded in the beginning of 1970s, and has continued as the main fish capture technique up to now. Dry fish was the main stream of fish processing at Muntjar, East Java in 1950s, thereafter fish canning has taken over the position since 1970s. The dry fish products are distributed only to the eastern tip of Java Island at present, while sardine cans are distributed to not only domestic markets but overseas such as Australia and Arabic countries.
School meals do not offer much fish dishes. The reason for this is often explained by the high price of fish. Here we investigate that fish dishes are not often served in school meals because of the school meal system, where the same dishes are served to a large number of children, not only the price of fish. In fact, school lunches at elementary schools located in cities with over 100,000 people has provided twice as many fish meals as elementary schools located in megacity. We concluded that if school meals could be limited to a maximum of 8,000 meals per day in the same menu, school meals could provide more fish meals.