本研究は,科学技術英語における受動態に焦点を当てて,どのような談話環境において受動態が能動態より好まれるのか,又,能動態が受動態よりも好まれるのかを考察した。Brogan(1973),Tarone et. al(1981),Turk and Kirkman(1989)等の先行研究を基にして,本研究は,科学技術英語において安易に受動態の頻繁な使用を受け入れるのではなく,より妥当な受動態の使用に関する考え方を提示した。本研究は,特に,次の二点を主要な結論として引き出した。それらは,受動態が使用されるところで,(1)"We+一般動詞"の使用,(2)主語の擬人化,"抽象,無生物主語+一般動詞"の使用等によって,文を能動態にし簡潔化することである。動作主(agent)を省いた受動態の使用は,確かに文に対して客観性を持たせる事が出来て,動作,行為,等に読者の注意を直接向けるという意味においては効果的ではあるが,科学技術英語において,受動態の多用,乱用は決して好ましいものではない。受動態の代わりに,先に述べた(1)(2)の使用をもっと積極的に取り入れていく事が肝要である。
This paper discusses the general philosophical basis of engineering education and the role played by Higher Educational Institutions. The methods of quality assurance are discussed with particular reference to external monitoring and advise. An alternative to the external examiner system is presented, together with an enhancement to achieve an indepth assessment over the complete breadth of an engineering programme.
With the ever increasing awareness on environmental issues these days, education in Malaysia has been geared to incorporate and instill environmental issues and awareness in the primary, secondary and tertiary level. Education is a powerful factor in establishing and defining members of the society who will be deeply rooted in the environmental conditions of the society, aware of his civic responsibilities, his duty to the family and society and be prepared to play a useful role as a producer and as a citizen conscious of his impact to environment. This paper will try to bring into focus the develop-ment of the environmental engineering in Malaysian education system, in conjunction with the extensive economic growth of the country, hence the need to create and improve the environmental division of higher institution to meet the objective of producing more specialist in the field of environmental engineering.
The design of three phase, oil immersed, 100-2500KVA, maximum 24kV, delta or star connected power & distribution transformers is described. Transformer design was selected for several reasons that relate to the economic situation in Australia. The design basis is essentially economical, relying on the Annual Assessed Value formula and resulting in modern, competitive designs. Several programs have been developed to facilitate the teaching and learning processes. Standard frames include rectangular and cruciform shapes. Helical windings are used. Insula-tion, short circuit strength, thermal behaviour and %Z are considered. Various teaching issues partic-ular to the subject are discussed.