The reasons for going on to graduate school in the engineering field were summarized as a preliminary survey in considering the philosophy of engineering education at a graduate school level in the 21st century. More practical reasons were listed up than the reasons given by high school students who want to go on to vocational school. This does not conflict with the qualitative information based on the comments of university students and the judgment obtained through the daily experience of teachers. The purpose of education described in the fundamental education laws such as the fundamental law of education and the school foundation law was closely examined and the functions of various schools in Japan were summarized. Successively, the purpose and history of engineering education around the world were surveyed and their influence on developing countries and the three failures caused in developed countries in various stages were discussed. Also, apprehension regarding the future of the development of engineering was discussed. Three items as a conclusion of this article are shown based on the above discussions. The first is that the purpose of engineering education should focus on individuals. The second is that engineering education should change to a new field and the third is that a new relationship between graduate schools and society should be constructed. The above policies are indispensable for the progress of engineering education at graduate schools in the 21st century.
Higher engineering education in graduate school should change to meet social needs. Recent trends in collaboration between graduate school and industry are summarized from a variety of viewpoints. A novel collaboration with industry about the research study by students is proposed and expected to be effective for improvement of engineering education.
This paper points out the problems in education in graduate school of engineering and science and of national policies, and discusses what to do. The most important thing to do is to reform each class or course work and heavily research-oriented education. Namely, the education should be changed from lecture-based one into the education with proper combination of lecture, exercise, laboratory, project, homework, research and product development. The government should induce the reform strategically by encouraging and supporting various initiatives from the planning stage.
Recently, the possibility of postgraduate education for member of society is often discussed. In this paper, the rearing of the information system engineer is discussed. Especially, the necessity of carrier up education for the member of society is described, and the realizable plan is introduced. In addition, the expectation to the university in the practice of the plan is described.
This report is focused on personal consideration of the author for an ideal method of human material training for the future. It is based on the author's knowledge and experience obtained through his work in a corporative research laboratory andd university for 24 years and 12 years respectively, in the fields of research, development, management and education in general. Firstly, the current of technology is recognized. In the recent years, various technologies, machinery, electron, information, science and physics. have all started to unify and with the development of nanobiotechnology, intersectional technological development has newly started. All sorts of science technology, including computer, communication systems, biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy, new materials and brain science, have begun to interact with social technology, which is for animal, plant and the human being as if those two technologies were being woven into a web (fabric.) In the mechatronics committee of the 18th term of the Science Council of Japan, for which the author is appointed chairperson, named this state as "Technology Weaving." In such a tendency, the society's needs will diversify more and individual demand will also be important, therefore, so-called "Citizen's Technology" based on resident's needs will soon be expected. In this report, the present situation described above is considered in a viewpoint of human material training at graduate school of university and the necessity of MOT (Management of Technology) education for training of people who adapt to such changes in the society is explained.
9 engineering schools of 8 universities established the coalition in 1996 and continued to do many trials and suggestions concerning the engineering education. Tokyo Institute of Technology was appointed as the secretary and made the new committee. One of the purposes of the new committee is to discuss and do some trials on Ph.D education from the both sides of academic and company. We are understanding "What a Ph.D students in the engineering should be like in 21 century?"
The Graduate School of Science and Technology in Keio University launched a new educational program from April 2000. This program aims to provide future leaders of society who can make use of their scientific/technological knowledge and skills towards the sound advancement of civilization. To embody the idea of this program, the Graduate School drastically changed its structure. Currently, the Graduate School consists of three sub-schools each based on an interdisciplinary educational concept: (a) School of Fundamental Science and Technology, (b) Integrated Design Engineering, and (c) Science for Open and Environmental Systems. Each sub-school consists of six educational/research groups, which may be reconstructed at intervals of several years. Details of this educational reform and our four-year experience in running the new program are described.
Graduate school of engineering seems today to be widely prevailed in each national university established after World War II. In spite of popularization, the graduate school still provides no definite identity of education. Some ideas are shown to promote higher education by co-work with private companies. In addition, new educational system which enable student to be more flexible and to behabe generalist as well as specialist, newly established in two graduate schools, Kyushu Institute of Technology, are briefly introduced.
The evaluation of educational activities at National Universities in Japan was conducted by NIAD-UE in a trial basis over 2000-2003. It was apparent that, in these four years, the significance of the university evaluation and its role in improving educational activities has been recognized to a considerable extent among the professors and administrative officers in universities. But, in real practice, the actions to improve the educational activities are still limited only to relatively easy ones such as setting up committees for faculty development, improving the teaching methods, and collecting the questionnaires from students, teachers and graduates. As for the education in graduate schools, although a few new trials are attempted, the systematic actions for improvement are delayed in comparison with the undergraduate at most of universities.
The globalization requires the international equivalency of engineering education. JABEE has already carried out Accreditation of a Bachelor level. An examination situation is reported about the necessity for Accreditation of a Master level.
In this paper, some educational programs for graduate studies in Kogakuin University were indicated. Some trials have been mainly conducted in CPD Center of our university, especially for making special programs for MOT and information secure system. Professional school system proposed and started in Japan society has powerful potentials for resolving recent problems generated in traditional graduate school in Japan. However, a lot of tasks may be left behind unsolved, for achieving final goals of professional school system through harmonizing with the role of traditional graduate schools. Furthermore, more investigations concerning how the faculty structure should be and the correlation between graduate program and undergraduate study have to be conducted.
The graduate school education has been proceeded following the Academic Degree Regulation guided by the ministerial ordinance issued by Ministry of education, i.e., Ministry of education, culture, sports, science and technology presently, since 1952 in Tohoku university. The number of the master course graduates have increased up to 80% or more of those of the bachelor's degree graduates. The master course graduates have been accepted reasonably to the private as well as public sectors. Though the number of the doctor course graduates are not much increasing, partly due to the course works suitable only for the researchers, not for the administrators, the degree holders have been gradually accepted to the private sectors to overcome harsh international competitions and narrowing supply of the company trained senior staffs educated in abroad, where selected master's degree holders have been sent to the distinguished graduate schools, e.g., the MBA course in Harvard university, with financial supports. These types of long-term investments became too costly for the private companies due to recent long recession. We have noticed that it is time to change or modify the graduate school education programs to include systematic training for the technical expressions, debates and presentation, production planning and finance, legal managements and effective exchange of patents and know-hows, and production and business ethics.
Many companies always demand exceptional level engineers from universities for the continual research and development of new techniques, improved production engineering and products systems. On the other hand, the recent rapid progress of engineering fields has been widening a gap between academic interests and practical activities, so the academic education system must be improved for the best engineers. Hokkaido University and several companies agreed to a plan to produce exceptional skilled software engineers, and started a program for Master Course of Software Engineering in April, 2003. The present paper reports major results on its unique curricula, how to integrate lectures and practices which cooperate engineers join to assist, self-management of our laboratory by students, a cooperative internship program and so on.
A part of 21st Century COE program, a big reformation of education system has been pressing forward in the graduate course of Nuclear Engineering of Osaka University. From fiscal 2002, many trials were started such as reconsideration of curriculum, students' evaluation of teaching and learning, and Faculty Development (FD). Evaluations of teaching and learning on graduate students who study Nuclear Engineering were conducted in March and October on 2003. The original web system developed on our own terms was used for the evaluation. The result of evaluation on fiscal 2003 was raised as compared with that on fiscal 2002. It is supposed that the primary factor which raised the students' evaluation was the change in the teachers' attitude and their team work towards improvement of graduate education, which may be caused by the actions derived from the COE program.
There is "Common lectures in graduate schools" for all graduate students in our university. Taking advantage of this system, "Special Lecture for Solid Waste; Creating Recycle-oriented Society" was started. This lecture has two objectives: 1) Giving comprehensive knowledge to students in various engineering fields or liberal arts who are interested in waste management and recycling and 2) Meeting students in different fields. The case report on this process is presented. Moreover, it is also intends to build a network of teachers in different fields.
At present, curriculum in engineering graduate school has the following issues to be solved; there are few student laboratories aiming at acquiring experimental skills, few opportunities to experience experiments in other laboratories besides their proper laboratories and few chances to learn technical writing and documentation. In the Mechanical Engineering Department, the University of Tokyo, we started new laboratory course entitled "Dynamics and Control Laboratory for graduate students" in 2002 to improve such situations. After finishing the first trial, we immediately carried out students' evaluation, improved the scheme and reflected the planning of 2003. In this paper, first we introduce the activities, analyze the results of students' evaluation and finally show the effectiveness of newly proposed laboratory course for graduate students.
This paper deals with the distance learning system that is available to students attending the Graduate School of Science and Technology, the Faculty of Science, and the Faculty of Engineeringat Kumamoto University. The distance learning system provides our students with the opportunityto study their subjects anytime, and not only from locations inside the campus, but also from outside the campus via a computer network. Efforts to establish the distance learning system at Kumamoto University began in 2001. Professors transfer electronic course files to the distancelearning server which is located on the campus, and students can then take lessons outside thecampus by accessing these files via the Internet. The server distributes files of various formats : text files, graphics, pictures, movies, and audio. To date, more than twenty subjects have been registered in the system. The majority of the registered subjects have been used on a trial basis, andthe results indicate that the distance learning system is an effective means of impoving our students'levels of attainment with respect to learning objectives.