The importance of safety education for students at technical institutes is emphasized on three grounds including safety of all working members and students in their education, research and other activities. The Kanazawa Institute of Technology re-organized the safety organization into a line structure and improved safety minds of all their members and now has a chemical materials control system and a set of compulsory safety education programs for their students, although many problems still remain.
The ICEE (Innovation Center for Engineering Education) was founded in April 2004 as an educational facility in the Faculty of Engineering of Tottori University. The ICEE plans the development and training of creative professionals in all fields of engineering through Project Based Learning Programs in collaboration with local enterprises. The ICEE also aims to enlighten children of local schools by providing manufacturing classes regularly, and we hope the ICEE to be a true center of practical engineering not only the university but also in the local society of this area. In this report, the outline and the educational effect of various support programs to hand-making education in local communities are described.
Fostering human resources creativity, independence, enthusiasm and problem-solving ability is indispensable for continuous progress in science and technology in Japan. To foster future engineers with extensive technical expertise as well as cooperativeness, the faculty of Engineering in Ibaraki University offers a course called “Creative Education” . Through this program, students are able to experience the excitement and satisfaction of learning technical knowledge and methods and creating and building actual objects, and realize their ideas and dreams. This paper introduces the program, discusses the results of a questionnaire on students conducted to enhance educational aims of the program, reports grade evaluation criteria and methods, and describes efforts of placing class information on the Internet.
A Creative Design Seminar has been opened to 3rd-year students in mechanical engineering. The purpose of this seminar is to foster student originality and overall creativity through making things referring to familiar equipment. The students conduct an integrated operation from elaborating a plan to evaluation together with the making of a given product by themselves. The subject of this seminar is to make a Handcrafted Wire Crane which includes a special mechanical engineering feature such as a material characteristic, structure etc. The teaching method used in this seminar is based on Problem-based learning (PBL) , and pro-active student participation is required. This paper reports the gist, contents and educational effectiveness of the teaching materials. From the students' survey, they have learned about creativity, inquisitive curiosity and gained techniques, while improving their thinking. This seminar is a very effective educational tool for individual learning with teaching materials related to mechanical engineering.
According to Kantian critical philosophy, “moral character” consists in the spirit that can cultivate oneself aiming at “one's own perfection” and “the happiness of others” , that is “respect for others” ; every stakeholder, the natural environment, future human beings, etc. This is the soul of ethics.
Japan has many toys that use walking mechanisms with movement principles based on fundamental concepts of modern science and technology. One traditional toy is called the One-step Walking Toy (issokutobi-hoko) . Theories of science and technology have not explained this toy's movement. Theoretical analyses and experiments can clarify this movement. In this study, the effectiveness of this walking model as a teaching material is evaluated based on physics and mechanical engineering concepts. Evaluation results clarify that this model's learning contents are based on physics and mechanical engineering principles. Furthermore, this model was used for introductory mechanical engineering education. Results of the class practice demonstrate that this model is an effective introductory teaching material for mechanical engineering.
Few general chemistry textbooks of high schools, colleges and universities introduce the corrosion of iron into the oxidation-reduction (redox) section, although the corrosion is very popular phenomena for students. Besides, no description appears about conductive polymers as anti-corrosion materials. The corrosion is a redox reaction proceeding through the local cell mechanism : the iron oxidation half-cell reaction at the local anode and the reduction of oxygen at the local cathode. To prepare a teaching tool for understanding of the mechanism, the visualization of the corrosion was attempted using phenolphthalein and potassium hexacyanoferrate (III) as color couplers for the anodic and cathodic products : Fe2+ and OH-. The local anode and cathode were obviously shown as gradual blue and red coloration when commercial nails were soaked in 4% NaCl aqueous solution containing phenolphthalein and potassium hexacyanoferrate (III) . On the other hand, no coloration occurred for the nail covered with a conductive polymer polyaniline. To know the anti-corrosion mechanism, the open-circuit potential of the nail was measured. The fact that the potential was kept at the potential range where iron was passivated implied that polyaniline acted as an in-situ oxidant. The visualization was experimentally performed at an actual chemistry class and the utility value was estimated. As a result, the visualization is expected to be a useful teaching tool for the corrosion and the understanding of the role of polyaniline as the anti-corrosion material.
Magnetic levitation system is one of the most familiar experimental system in the field of control engineering because it is easy to understand its phenomenon, its differential equation is so simple, it is an unstable system and so on. To synthesize a controller which makes it stable based on the modern control theory and simulate the controlled system, a personal computer has been in common use. In this paper, we propose a new aided system utilizing the graphing calculator Voyage200 instead of the personal computer. Voyage200 is of handheld size and has high portability. Furthermore, it has high performance such that it can do computer algebra and draw the results of simulation and/or experiment on the large display. Since the second semester in 2005, we have been adopting Voyage200 for our student experiment. In this paper, we introduce our experimental system and describe the educational effects of Voyage200 by means of answers of questionnaires to students after experiment.
As one of the means to improve the number of children who do not like mathematics or science, it is necessary that there are classes to make children recognize the importance of “Monodukuri” and its social meanings. In order to realize such classes, we propose a new method of classes which are practiced under the mutual coordination between engineers and teachers. By this methods, both engineers and teachers are able to have classes with sharing the education objective, for example, to elevate the interests of children in the technology or the activity of a social contribution. We call such classes “Monodukuri Education” . In the present paper, we state the results obtained by “Monodukuri Education” , which was practiced under the cooperation of Higashihiroshima Civic Takamigaoka Elementary School, and the subjects in the next step.