The issue of economic globalization and JABEE (Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education) mean that education on engineering ethics has now become increasingly important for science-engineering students who will become the next generation of engineers. This is clearly indicated when engineers are made professionally responsible for various unfortunate accidents that happen during daily life in society. Learning hybrid engineering ethics is an essential part of the education of the humanities and sciences. This paper treats the contents for the subject of “Science and Ethics” drawing on several years of practice and the fruits of studying science and engineering ethics at the faculty of science-engineering in university. This paper can be considered to be a practical strategy to the formation of morality.
Questionnaire to ask “mention three names of scientists you know” and “three names of engineers you know” was conducted and the answers from 140 adults were analyzed. The results indicated that the image of scientists is represented by Nobel laureates and that of engineers by great inventors like Thomas Edison and industry founders like Soichiro Honda. In order to reveal the image of engineers among young generation, questionnaire was conducted for pupils in middle and high schools. Answers from 1,230 pupils were analyzed and 226 names mentioned as engineers were classified. White votes reached 60%. Engineers who are neither big inventors nor company founders collected less than 1% of named votes. Engineers are astonishingly invisible from young generation. Countermeasures are proposed.
This paper describes the content and outcome of a visiting class aimed at third-grade students on the transmission of force by friction. Pairs of students wore gloves of differing materials and competed to twist a pipe. This enabled them to directly experience how force is transmitted differently in different materials. A survey of the students after the exercise indicated that many of them had enjoyed the experiment and now believed that they had a good understanding of the concept of friction. If a teacher provides a simple experiment, even elementary students in the lower grades can gain a greater understanding of an academic subject. In addition, we also gained some interesting insights concerning how people perceive friction.
The educational goal of the Faculty of Global Engineering (FGE) of the Kogakuin University is to prepare the graduates to be global engineers. The requirements for the global engineer are multifold; having the basic and advanced engineering knowledge together with the international communication skills and experiences. The curriculum at the Kogakuin University has been designed and developed over the last ten years. Among others, “Communication Skills for Global Engineers (CSGE) ” and “Engineering Clinic Program (ECP) ” play essential roles, the former providing the students with the communication skills and the latter engineering design skills. An impact on the students studying together with foreign students is so strong and immeasurable. The English they learned in Japan does not work as well as they thought it would, and the attitude of the foreign students toward studying they observe is a kind of “shocking” . The student who joined ECP abroad/CSGE abroad come back to Japan as a very inspired and different person, the first step becoming a global engineer. In this paper, various aspects of the program will be discussed with the problem areas to be further improved being identified.
A practice program for graduate students in mechanical engineering has been developed. The task of this training is to design and manufacture an original ‘CD crusher’ , a machine to mechanically destroy compact disks after use. This is a competition among groups of students creating their original CD crusher which fulfills the regulation. The regulation is that the crusher has to use rotational blades cutting the CDs. Same sized blades are supplied to the students groups. They are fabricated from a steel bar through cutting, annealing and quenching processes by the presence of students. Technical staffs are ready to help students on the whole way of the practice. However, they encourage initiative by the students from planning to manufacturing. Students satisfied at the practice according to the comments after competition.
In general energy education, it is an exceptional case to provide students with experiments and exercises, especially for the education of nuclear reactor, although such practical approach is useful to ensure student′s understanding of lectures on nuclear power plants. All of the reactor facilities for education and research are not easily available from the viewpoint of radiation protection. A tele-education system using the Internet communication tools has been developed for students to learn the control mechanism of nuclear reactor. A trial run was carried out between Setsunan University and Kinki University Atomic Energy Research Institute, and it was confirmed that this system could be applied to practical training of students.
MOT Training Programs are developed at DENSO. The purpose of these programs is to improve the quality of our business leaders. These programs consist of Basic Technology Management Courses and Specialized Technology Courses. They adopt a lot of group discussions including in-house cases to help improve the abilities and skills of DENSO′s engineers. This paper describes the education programs to acquire management skills and technological abilities as a business leader.
In this paper, an educational program for practical exercise based on OJE (On the Job Education) method has been described. The program consists of two parts; one is a long-term group seminar for a year to educate the planning and problem solving through aggressive self-developments, another is a short-term program for 2 days to educate leadership. In the group seminar, graduate students of engineering and economics have discussed. The procedure and the educational effect are described. OJE is an educational method which has been made a plan to generate the motivation. As the participants have given a good score in the evaluation to our educational method, it is recognized that OJE is an effective method.
This paper presents a program and its results for the exercise of a paper glider in lecture since 1988. This exercise includes designing, building and flying a paper glider by students. They find this practice very interesting. Every year our staffs hold a glider competition for duration of flight by hand launch in their gymnasium. As the result of this exercise, the students have come to be interested in lecture. In order to enhance each student’ s creative ability, this exercise will be very important and useful in aeronautical Engineering. Details and results of this program for the 20 years are reported.
A CG-animation content which supports the learning of the Otto cycle was developed. This content has a piston assembly and the diagrams of PV, VS, TP and TS. The each diagram has a pointer which moves along the line of the graph and they are synchronized with the movement of the piston. The learners can operate this content directly on the e-learning system. While watching the movements of the piston assembly, the learners can confirm the state of the engine about temperature, pressure, volume, and entropy by the synchronized pointer on the diagrams. This content was used for the class of the machining practice exercise. The learning effect of the content was examined by the score of the short test. As the result of this examination, the CG-animation content was effective in the learning of the Otto cycle.
This paper describes the effectiveness of a Monozukuri class (creative engineering education) for making efficient use of graduation research at technical college. The aim of this Monozukuri class lies in encouraging lower grade students to participate in building a 5-inch train model applying their graduation research. Features of this class include having fifth graders experience teaching lower grade students one-on-one, as well as having the lower grade students experience various manufacturing processes. The effectiveness of this Monozukuri education was reviewed based on the changes in the grades of lower grade students from the first to fourth grades, their progress, and student questionnaire. The results showed that lower grade students participating in the Monozukuri class and receiving adequate guidance from higher grade students had improved grades in their studies due to increased interest in creative engineering. It was also found that the class helps to prevent repeating a year.
In engineering graduate schools in Hokkaido University, internship programs are carried out as common courses. In the internship in some companies or institutions, students join some projects or training programs different from research works in their laboratories. Following the previous report on overseas internship, examples of domestic internship, long term project type internship and short term experience type internship, were reported in this article. Educational effects were also discussed based on the questionnaire survey. The results showed that understanding of the industries and self-awareness of being engineers were the most improved. Attitude to learn new things, ability to grasp and find problems, ability to apply knowledge to the practical problems, as well as challenging spirit and sense of teamwork, were also improved. From the data, domestic internship programs, long term or short term, have considerable educational effects, although the effect is the most marked in the overseas one.
Examples of failure in engineering fields are introduced as educational tools, as students show interest in failure in general. After being presented with examples of failure, students were surveyed on their interest and understanding of failure by questionnaire. In some cases, students given examples of failure are more interested in effects, whereas teachers are often more interested in process, and vice versa. This resulted in a mismatch of comprehension between the teacher and students. Case studies in failure can be approached from many points of view including causes, processes, effects and measures for safety. On one hand teachers should emphasize the notable point from multiple aspects in the failure example, in introducing examples of specific topics in machine design. On the other hand teachers should explain multiple aspects in the failure example, to educate students about the complexity of actual accidents.
One year research for forth year students is the most important subject in the engineering faculty. In Kanazawa Institute of Technology, the subject “Engineering DesignIII” , which aims the development of engineer capable of taking actions by their own thought, is set as the main pole of the education. In order to achieve the objectives of this subject, the teachers are required to consider carefully about the setting of research theme and a method of guidance. In this paper, the author′s way of thinking on setting research theme and the practical training method of the engineering design III are described together with the achievements of the students in the author′s laboratory for 9 years.
The freshmen had been taken the new course of studies in the junior and senior high schools since 2006. In order to evaluate the mathematical potential of freshmen of 2007, a placement test of mathematics was prepared in collaboration with a Preparatory School. The students educated with the new course of studies have a tendency that they are slower and often make errors in calculation. They are also rather poor in solving the problems described in such a simple text without using any mathematical symbols. The relationship between the scores of placement test and linear algebra was also examined. The students with lower score in placement test tended to have lower score in linear algebra but have an acceptance quality level to be passed the linear algebra.
Standardization is a significant tool to access global markets, transfer technology and promote good business practice. To teach systematically the concept, meanings, roles and benefits of standardization as a basic knowledge of engineering, encourages college students understand how the standardized engineering contributes to the current society. The study on establishing the educational program in standardization has been implemented by 5 years′ trials and errors at Chiba Institute of Technology. And the model program and its educational effect have been examined by questionnaire of students′ self- evaluation and comparison with other universities′ program. As the result, the study found the importance of introducing Standardization Education to the higher education program.
Statistical quality control (SQC) is widely applied to manufacturing process control. Although engineers graduated a college of technology are required to master SQC, they had not sufficiently taken lesson of statistics in a college. To teach statistics practically, lesson of experiment using Pb free solder is created in our college. Experiments are performed with various parameters as solder metals and soldering temperature. Results are analyzed using Hayashi′s quantification methods which are a kind of multivariable analysis. The conditions on which standard deviations of solder amount per a connected point are minimum and maximum are estimated analytically and verified experimentally. Students learn that dispersion occurred in a manufacturing process is unavoidable but able to be reduced. They are expected to be more familiar to statistics from this lesson.
Recently, the number of international students who have an experience of internship as employment experience has been increasing. In general, internship is a system through which students gain a work experience relating to his/her major field and future career, while at university. Many Japanese leading industries are situated in this Chubu area. Therefore, we have tried to facilitate an internship as a part of the curriculum from 2005. Here we report the progress of our internship programs and try to study the possibility of its future. Through this study, we can say that an internship would be a good opportunity for both international students and Japanese companies to understand each other. On the other hand, it is hard to bring the system to match students and companies, form both side of financial base and human resource. Therefore, to bring up good talent becomes to good connection with the industrial world.
Engineering students are increasingly expected to perform as “global engineers” to lead the society as opinion leaders in finding proper directions for science and engineering developments. The Tokyo Institute of Technology is offering “the knowledge, thinking ability, and skills as the basis for its students to play active roles as international leaders reaching across the boundaries of professional areas.” This new trial, including overseas internship programmes, is unique as it tries to provide “international liberal arts education that is capable of answering the needs of engineering students.”
How student evaluations of the teaching of fundamental physics for engineering relate to teaching strategy from academic 2004 to 2006 has been studied, focusing on students′ earnestness to learn. The teaching emphasized instructing theoretical concepts for 2004 and solving problems for 2005. The instruction during 2006 offered a good balance between the strategy for 2004 and that for 2005. The first and second components produced by principal-component analysis of the evaluation data have indicated the quality of instruction and the scholastic ability of students, respectively, independent of the teaching strategy. While correlation between the second component and the degree of earnestness was positive for 2004 and negative for 2005, the correlation for 2006 has been negligible, as expected. Multiple-regression analysis between the evaluation data and students′ exam scores has shown little correlation for 2006, in contrast to that for 2004, but similar to that for 2005. Finally, we can say that the teaching strategy for 2006 would lead to educational effects similar to those in 2005 when the exam scores were notably improved.