Last December, the Central Education Council announced two reports. One is “Aiming at construction of the bachelor course education” . In this report, problems and measures are described about the guarantee of the education quality of the university faculty stage. Another one is “Enhancement of Technical Colleges” . In this report, various strategies are described for promoting education at the Technical Colleges as the higher education organization that trains practical and creative engineers, according to the social and economical changes. This paper gives outlines of these two reports, introductions about national policies for promoting engineering education by MEXT, and prospects for the technical education in the future.
The percentage of students who go on to universities or junior colleges is over fifty percent which is more than half of high school students. However the nation's birthrate is in decline and the total number of university-age children shows a declining tendency. Hence we cannot expect an increase in the number of applicants in the future. On the other hand, the number of universities has been increasing year by year. The competition among universities to survive is very fierce. The diversification of entrance examination is a symbol of this competition. By diversifying entrance exams, universities aimed at the quality of excellent students in the beginning. However, they have changed their direction to pursue the quantity of students. As of Today the entrance examination is losing its original starting function which means most or all applicants can enter universities. It is time all of the universities return to its starting line.
Abstract The education system carried out at the high school attached to Tokyo Institute of Technology was described. The engineering education has given to pupils whose high school has been a technical high school for 120 years. The drastic change happened on the technical high school on 2004, when the school was selected as one of 26 Super Science High School (SSH) , of which education program was proposed by the Ministry of Education (Monbukagakusho) . In this paper the educational system of the SSH program at Tokyo Tech High School of Science and Technology was described in relation to collaboration with Tokyo Institute of Technology.
In the faculties of “Engineering” or “Science and Technology” of many universities, faculty stuffs are teaching the academic foundations of technology to the students. From the standing point of the students in engineering course, first their study should be started to be accustomed to the new studying situations in their universities or colleges, and then the students proceed to be adjusted to study engineering specialty. The former is or should be realized through liberal arts education in university level and extracurricular activities in the universities. However, the latter needs special education schemes. In the past, educational courses in universities were clearly divided into a liberal arts period and a specialty education period in Japan. In that system, the students in engineering were accustomed to the specialty education after their promotion to their engineering curriculum. At present, the students in the faculties must be engrossed in the study of engineering from their first year of the university education, because the science and technology have been very rapidly progressed and have made increase in the level and quantity of engineering education. In this article, the author discusses how should the faculty give the scholastic ability to the students in engineering from the early years of the university courses, and introduces the case studies of introductory education (or the first-year education) in the engineering education that has been done in a faculty to that the author belongs.
Information Literacy is the word that combined Information and Literacy. It was the word that was used in the Temporary Educational Council at the beginning. Because of this, Information Literacy is used well in the meaning called Information Utilization Ability in the information education of an elementary school and junior high school and senior high school. On the other hand, it is positioning it with the first year Information Literacy Education in the university. In the General Information Processing Education Board of the Information Processing Society of Japan, we proposed the GEBOK (General Education Body of Knowledge) and the curriculum of GE. In this paper, we propose about the Information Literacy Education in the university, while introducing them.
Elementary education program for engineering by the dual system combined with workshop program and teaching program with practical subject was discussed. The dual system which consists of several workshop programs and fundamental subjects (such as mathematics, English and physics) with practical material has been performed for the freshmen. The elementary workshop program (primary course) has four workshops and the related lectures. Fundamental subjects are taught with the practical or engineering texts. English subjects are taught by specified teachers who have ever worked in engineering field with English. The dual system was supported by such systems as the center for success initiative and the English education center.
In 2004, Tohoku University started a new introductory experimental science course for freshmen. This course was intended to aid students in thinking logically and in understanding the fundamental concepts of natural phenomena. We combined physics, chemistry, biology, and earth sciences and set up a five themes entitled, “Life, Energy, Earth and Environment, Materials, and Science and Culture” . More than 1,800 students, including 810 engineering students, of all the science-related subjects attended these classes. Of the students taking the classes, 62% were favorable to them in 2004 and 68% in 2007, whilst only 50% of the students were positive about the old course in 2003.
New theory of learning indicates “learning” is the process of interaction which occurs in social relationships within a community containing a multitude of things beyond any single individual. From this point of view, the “project-based learning” is one of new methods of teaching and learning at university. The method of project-based learning includes of team learning, team teaching, portfolio assessment, open space, and faculty development. This paper discusses potential of university to become a learning community with the method along with results of the educational practice at Future University-Hakodate.
In the age of open admission to colleges, changes need to be made to the social mission of each college. In order to maintain a high standard of education, the following issues need to be discussed and coped with in each college : the establishment of the social mission of each college ; clarification of educational goals; a system for enforcing educational programs ; evaluation method of the outcome. An activity for academic quality assurance has been introduced in the college of engineering at Shibaura Institute of Technology. The systems for improving core academic competence, including a system of advice on withdrawal, educational content and so on, were introduced into foundation courses. For education in specialized field, an educational program based on JABEE has been utilized. This program fulfills the requirements of academic quality assurance.
The quality of engineering education in our country should be assured by the self-assessment of the institution that conducts education. Recent evaluation and/or accreditation are intended to assist and promote such achievement. The certified evaluation and accreditation for colleges of technology and the audit by the Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education (JABEE) have been carried out on the engineering education. In this article we will discuss the ways of accreditation of both systems and try to consider future for the quality assurance of the engineering education in Japan.
It is necessary to reconstruct the system for technical education and to improve teachers' abilities in order to educate children who have a great interest in creation. This paper describes that, the revised education ministry guidelines, the relation between the reconstruction of system for technical education and the combined primary and junior-high school, the improvement of teachers' abilities, the change of teacher service examination, the technical education in junior high school, and the advertisement of the importance of technical education according to the report of the central education council.
Strategic initiatives for engineering education in the next decade as planned by the Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology are presented. The Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology is a private college in the United States that specializes in undergraduate engineering, mathematics and science education. The initiatives are in response to broad changes in the practice of the engineering profession in its modern global context. The initiatives comprise five strategic thrust areas and five programmatic themes. The thrust areas are: Energy and Environment; Health and Safety; Transportation; Materials; and Information, Computation, and Communication. The programmatic themes are: Excellence in Education; International Awareness; Business Awareness;Service Learning; and Life-long Learning. The objective of these initiatives is to prepare students to meet the challenges of the 21st century and to serve as leaders in society.
The aim of Engineering Mathematics Test (EMaT) is to make sure what essentials in curriculum of Engineering Mathematics is, and to assess university students’ core academic competence and achievement of Engineering Mathematics, helping assurance of students’ academic ability. It is useful for professors to evaluate teaching effect of the classes, and this evaluation would help them improve curricula. Scores can be available for both graduate school entrance examinations and employment tests, leading to selecting persons with basic academic ability in Engineering Mathematics. The scope includes fundamentals in Calculus, Linear Algebra, Differential Equations, and Probability and Statistics. It is open to all students free of charge, and is annually given once in December. In 2007, 2,396 students from 35 universities took EMaT, and the total number of students who have taken EMaT in these 5 years is 6,240.
An educational practice for small size class in fundamental education of our faculty has been carried out using a special fund from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology since fiscal year 2005. The fundamental subjects such as Mathematics and Physics are very important for the students of Faculty of Engineering. In order to achieve the aim of each subject for students with insufficient understanding, we wrestle with the project of the education for small size class. Some projects are described in this paper.
A new curriculum, which instills an appreciation in mechanical engineering and motivates freshman students to pursue this discipline in a college of technology, is presented. The curriculum is composed of lecture, experiment and practice to foster self-education ability. Numerous new and unique teaching processes were developed to meet our objectives and were evaluated through anonymous student evaluations. Nearly all students, who participated in this curriculum, showed increased interest in pursuing mechanical engineering.
Kagoshima Prefecture has so many solitary islands and small-scale schools, which are short of teachers in charge of craft and home economics and poor in educational equipment. That means there are very few opportunities for school children to experience handicraft. The author tried giving them such opportunities so that they would be interested in handicraft and develop their creativity. Moreover, plain English was used in the lecture for them to be internationally-minded in the future. As a result, the students not only got impressed with handicraft but also tried to attend the class actively. They came to work eagerly and cooperatively and to have ability to design for the future.
A student who tries to be a good presenter needs the ability to evaluate the level of other people's presentations by using criteria. But the way of evaluating is not easy for freshmen. Therefore, in this study, I focused on questions in presentations because it seemed suitable for students to practice their logical thinking, and set the evaluation criteria of questions in order students to evaluate the levels of other people's questions. By this approach, it was confirmed that students' questions got better.
The higher education in standardization has recently begun to be implemented worldwide as well as in Japan, for the importance of standardization education has been recognized with globalization. This research utilized the Award's Criteria of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to evaluate the Program on standardization of China Jiliang University, the first receipt of the Award. The Criteria were verified as useful for evaluating various education programs on standardization in universities and other institutions of higher education. The research also offered suggestions to promote higher education on standardization in Japan.