On science and technology research fields, the human resource development is one of the most important subjects in Japan, where the population is decreasing. Although the proportion of female researchers has been gradually increasing in Japan, it is still low compared to other countries. Under these situations, girl students are being focused in the expectation that they will be engaged in the science and technology in the next generation. There have been various activities to urge girl students into science and technology research fields since 2006 in Japan. For that purpose, we have conducted a program promoting visiting lectures by women graduate students of Gifu university, where they introduce their research themes and their affiliated science courses to young students. Here we report the differential effects of the program depending on the school stage and discuss effective methods in this kind of programs.
The mission of Faculty of Global Engineering, Kogakuin University, is to prepare students for innovative engineers in a global context. One of the features in engineering education of the Faculty is academia-industry collaborative projects. Global Clinic, which is an international project in cooperation with an international partner of Kogakuin University, has been running since 2011. The students of Kogakuin University and Harvey Mudd College in the U.S. work together on the research project for industry. The Japanese students must communicate with the American students and liaisons in English by means of a teleconference through the Internet every week, and they learn American business style and culture as well as communication skills. Global Clinic is an effective program in education for global human resources.
The education about making innovation is tried in many places over the world. In the collegiate education, the education to earn the ability that the students can cope with actual problem in the real society, and that the students can offer the new service with engineering approach, should be involved. However, judging from the questionnaire topics of surveys about the faculty development (FD) by research organizations, it is seemed that the education of basic knowledge and the means to avoid the dropout are focused. And the education about making innovation which becomes important recently is not focused enough. In this paper, as the breakthrough of this problem, the approach of faculty-transversal innovative engineering education in the HSS laboratory of our university is explained.
It is important that university students in information science acquire a well-balanced knowledge of each major area in this field-software, hardware, and networks- to be successful in the future as information technology engineers. However, in the initial stage of their study, it is difficult for these students to form an image of how the technologies for software, hardware, and networks work together in the construction of an information system. In this study, we prepared experimental teaching materials focusing on Arduino, an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on easy to use hardware and software. Even though the students were entry-level information science students, they would be able to experience the construction of various information systems with Arduino based on the teaching materials we prepared. In addition, we planned to carry out this learning experiment for lower level undergraduates, while making use of a learning management system and videotexts. In this way we aimed to make students aware of the importance of a well-balanced study of the three main fields of information science and, based on this study, to motivate them to continue to pursue their learning after the course. According to questionnaires from the students after the course, we obtained positive results in regard to attainment of this objective.
We carry out an all-inclusive practice in analog electronic circuit for freshman engineer. For example, they design for the analog electronic circuit, manufacture and test of wireless microphone, and produce a technical report in this practice. We concerned that they hardly experience to design and test anything analog electronic circuit in their school days, and they are poor in approach of thinking by themselves when they encounter something new. We investigate whether they have had a chance to experiment and measure to see something, and been interested in making something their hands before joining our company. We find that there is the correlation between experimental experience and understanding of this training.
Kanazawa institute of technology hold a series of “Project Design” courses to enhance student’ s innovation ability to conduit a best-fit solution for actual problems with team-based working. Through the Project Design courses, students will obtain problem solving skills and how to use knowledge they already have. In this paper, we describe innovation skills gained through the Project Design courses with concrete examples of student activities.
In recent years, practical education that incorporates the specific needs of the industry began to be actively implemented. In this practical education, a teaching method called PBL (Problem Based Learning) has been attracting attention. I had developed a course that introduced the PBL for the sophomore. And, I have been conducting this course over a period of four years. The reason I’ ve been doing this course for four years is the following two. The first reason is that students can utilize this experience for their job hunting. The second reason is that they can utilize this experience for the way of working of their own after they have a job. In this report, I introduce the details of “the creative education to learn the problem-solving capabilities” that I have been conducting for four years, and I report on states of growth of the sophomore that had taken this course.
We verify about that students who study engineering and factory worker have a type of the action which can be grouped. By experiment, the action of an individual when coping with danger could be classified into the 14 types, and we got to know that student and worker were applied to one of 11 types. Moreover, the type of action has the features, such as dangerous action type and safe action type. In group work, we checked that an individual′s action moved from safe action type to dangerous action type. Then, if we make the group according to types and use the suitable curriculum and teaching materials for the types, we consider that the effect of safety education can improve.
Kanazawa Institute of Technology and Komatsu High School, one of Super Science High Schools adopted by MEXT, started a collaborative program so that high school students are able to successfully complete research projects by developing their capabilities of problem discovery, problem solving, scientific report writing, and presentation skills. Students worked on a research project of train noise and obtained the following conclusion from field measurement and theoretical analysis; (1) The measured train noise features decay by distance obtained by assuming the uniform distribution of a source of noise over the length of a train. (2) Sound power of rolling noise of trains features strong directivity perpendicular to the rail.
Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, Kanto Branch has started Student International Exchange Program (SIEP) from March 2011 between Japan and Thailand and from October 2013 between Japan and Taiwan aiming the development of students with higher internationality. The questionnaire survey was carried out twice for 44 participated students to the program. This paper mainly explains the results of the second survey. The analysis shows a good result for the SIEP purpose. Furthermore, it became clear that the images for the foreign students had greatly changed in spite of the short term program. In the planning stage of the SIEP, the students make plans by themselves and after that they experience the PDCA cycle toward the coming SIEP. This indicates just the effects of the practical education.
In our college, the introduction courses of computer education for students in three different departments have been carried out since 2011. The authors have been in charge of a basic subject called “Introduction to Microcomputer Programming” for second year students. It is a practice-based “learn and master” type of course using a microcomputer board. The course contents are composed of construction of microcomputers such as CPU, memory and I/O ports, input and output programming for LED lights, switches, sensor devices etc. At the final stage of the course, all the students are assigned to take on a “programming project” the themes of which are to be chosen by the students. This paper reports on the course contents and the programming projects.
A presentation practice in Japanese by rubric evaluation using TED talks as an educational tool was performed. The practical objectives were the acquisition of (1) presentation skills and the abilities of (2) adequate information collecting, (3) planning and (4) cooperating. From the questionnaires for the students, almost all of them realized that all the objectives were achieved. Additionally, using two TED talks and reviewing using rubric and review sheets for groups and individuals were particularly effective for achieving the objectives (1) , (1) and (3) , respectively. The rubric evaluation results obtained from the presentation groups and the student members were both comparable to those obtained from teachers in charge of the practice.
Graduate School of Engineering, Utsunomiya University carried out a project to develop a series of education programs for postgraduate students to cultivate leadership spirits between 2010 and 2012. The program is centered on a PBL in which each group of students is required to find an engineering or social problem themselves and start a project to solve the problem. Projects vary widely, from a straight product development to a summer program for children or local area development. Student groups are advised by senior engineers from industries. The PBL program was made compulsory for all students in the engineering master course students. The new education programs also include lectures by engineers to show engineers’ job, activities, and career in the industry. Internship programs are also provided. Through these programs, the students are expected to gain something more than just experiences. Two intellectual property rights were acquired by the end of the project, as a result of the PBL program. The assessment committee evaluated and summarized the effect of the 3 year project as follows ; “The newly developed programs are considered effective” , “It is worth continuing the programs as they are distinctive features of Utsunomiya University.”