With the aim of bringing up engineers to build local manufacturing, we opened special courses in our “Child KOSEN” to upper grade elementary school students. Nine classes were offered to nurture their scientific curiosity and approximately 150 groups of parents and children participated. The attendees had an opportunity to observe the facilities of the technical college as well. The questionnaire survey shows that a majority of the participants wants to take part in our event again the next year. We have created the system of the engineer upbringing cycle in the region.
In order to cultivate the resources and capacities of the secondary school students who will become to sustain the development of the modern technologies, we need to emphasize the importance of engineering in both the science course and the industrial arts course. While the two subjects have their own typical topics, they also have many contents in common. The difference is the viewpoint that the science places stress on fundamental theories, and the industrial arts, applications. We have developed two unique educational systems, one is the Unit Block System and the other is Parallel Selective Topic Method. By introducing the information on engineering into the science course and by adopting the above two new methods mainly for the topics in energy and material fields, we succeeded to attract more intention from the students.
The aim of this paper is to analyze the results of the achievement test which was carried out by National Institute of Technology in Kure College from 2006 to 2015. We mainly discuss the results of the test in 2015 by using quartiles, and we claim the following statements: we can improve students’ mathematical literacy by using the test; to provide appropriate incentives for students gets better their mathematical abilities.
Computer programming is one of the important skills in every department at the university of science and engineering. Adequate programming education should be provided in the early school years. It seems more efficient that the basics of programming are lectured in all departments than to lecture in each department. We propose a curriculum of basic programming education for university freshmen in all departments. The purposes of this curriculum are to improve students’ ability of thinking logically, and to develop basic programming skills of students for each department. We picked five basic elements of programming out for this purpose and focused on teaching students the elements. The results which implemented the proposed curriculum for five years are described in this paper.
The education for students who aim to become space engineers will become more and more important in the future, and its education have to be conducted for a wide range of age groups. We had an opportunity to hold a Model Rocket Self-Production Course and Model Rocket Contest for KOSEN students. Using a Model Rocket kit developed by NASA in USA, students made Rocket using black powder during the production course and competed with each other at the Model Rocket contest. Although most students did not have any such experiences, they succeeded producing rockets and experimenting with them. Students were engaged in rocket development and attained new space technology skills. The successive production course and contest for Model Rocket is promising theme for project based learning.
This paper gives an account of “Fuel Cell Vehicle Project for High School Students” as a high school and university connection activity in cooperation with Nagoya Institute of Technology and Japan’s major companies. It contained the following three programs: 1. Chemistry of fuel cell. 2. Making a fuel cell cart. 3. Research of realizing a hydrogen energy society. After learning advanced physics, chemistry and engineering in universities and companies, a group of high-school students made a cart successfully and test drove it, then they made academic presentations at National Taiwan University. The survey shows that many of the students became interested in an engineering solution to the problem of decreasing carbon dioxide emission and decided to study engineering at universities.
This paper analyzes eight years’ worth (2007-2014) of data from the Study Achievement Tests (SATs) conducted by the National Institute of Technology (NIT), Japan. The aim is to estimate the scientific ability of NIT Ichinoseki College’s students and search for an effective estimation method. The findings are threefold. (1) The students’ scientific ability increased in the eight years considered. (2) By subtracting the average across NIT colleges from the average at Ichinoseki College, the relative ability level of the latter can be identified. This level increased in the first three years and remained almost constant (at 5-10% above the NIT average) in the last five years. (3) Comparing the level of third-grade students (SAT data) with that of first-grade students (entrance-examination data) shows that the growth rate of Ichinoseki College’s students is about 10% above the NIT average.
This paper describes about instructional design and practice on mathematical education in order to cultivate and improve of “Motivation” “Humanity” and “Ability”, which are needed for engineering. The point of instructional design is as following 4 methods:group work of which member is consisted of different department, self-help by students themselves, facilitation of “lecture-exercise-preparation” cycle and setting more difficult questions than the academic ability of students. From the point of class evaluation questionnaire, the proposed method is found that it is effective methods and improves students’ satisfaction.
The objective of this study is to clarify the impact of explanation of effectiveness of self-learning in English through the Internet on learner’s awareness and behavior by means of an experiment. The procedure of the experiment has three steps. First of all, in the case of searching something through the internet, using an English keyword is generally more beneficial than just using a Japanese keyword was explained to learners. Then, self-learning was implemented;learners were given the restriction to use an English material. Finally, different self-learning was implemented; this time, they were allowed to use only a Japanese material. While conducting the experiment, a survey of leaners awareness and behavior was also being conducted. As a result, it was revealed that although learners understood the benefit of internet search using English keyword, they hesitated to use the method.
IHI Corporation and Azbil Corporation have successfully carried out the lecture exchanging programs of three years, in which one company provided its in-house education course to the other company, respectively. The objectives were to complement each company’s weakness in technology education, to stimulate each company’ s educational activities, and to extend a personal network of engineers. There were several difficulties in designing lecture exchanging programs, based simply on existing in-house lectures, but we endeavored to solve the problems through the discussions from the viewpoint of benefiting engineers of both companies. This paper describes the design process and the educational effects of our programs, and the crucial points for our problem solving.
The web questionnaire function in the Moodle which is a typical class support system is useful for education and research;however, it is difficult to judge defective responses due to “satisficing” (reply activities that do not pay a cognitive cost for understanding content) included in the results. Thus, we developed a system that excludes defective responses based on response time. In this study, we focus on the short response time with a strong tendency of defective responses, and we calculated the threshold adapted to the characteristic of the questionnaire as a criterion for judging defective responses. Consequently, in the application of the system to several survey cases in classes, the content rate of defective responses decreased by 0.66 times.
This paper proposes the design and implementation of the education-oriented μITRON4.0 specification operating system on 8-bit PIC microcontrollers. In order to execute multi-task operatings in their small-capacity memories, we have adopted a shared stack structure. The primary purpose of our system development is to get an effective teaching material for RTOS educations in our university, so that students can easily understand the dynamics and mechanism of μITRON. Therefore, we have constructed a low-cost training environment with enough logging and debugging capabilities for the multi-task operation analysis in itself. In addition, we have developed the lessons that utilize this system listed as follows : “Practice of Embedded Software” and “Retraining of vocational training instructor”. Their questionnairy results answered by these students show positive evaluations in average for all lessons, which lead to the educational effectiveness of our system.
When we give the brake force test after the completion of the brake maintenance, we must always move the test vehicle to the real brake test stand. The most students of the automotive departments of the junior colleges or technical high schools are young and inexperienced, and have furthermore little safety knowledge of the automobiles. Therefore, we have made a miniature type of the brake force test simulator (MB-tester) and its accompanying test vehicle, which can be used on the desk. With this MB-tester, we examined its mechanism and performance. It is practical and its educational effect is seen to be fairly great.
This paper describes the outline of self-build workshop program in the architectural education. This program provided students the opportunity to make 1/1 scale space by students themself from planning design to construction. Through this experience, the students who participated understood the necessity of the knowledge of the material and the importance of the discussion in the collaboration work. On the other hand, the teacher as “a facilitator” had to pay attention for them to provide a proper advice matching a present scope and to provide a support for maintaining motivation in a proper timing.
We report, from the perspective of participants, about the project-based learning class where engineering and non-engineering students collaboratively tackled manufacturing. It aimed to cultivate the design thinking ability of master course students coming from various departments of Osaka University. Although we had less backgrounds of engineering or manufacturing, we succeeded in defining user needs and creating a product which meets them. We subsequently participated in an international conference on engineering design and presented another product there. Since design thinking could be applied there as well, we could win the championship. Manufacturing is a good way for students to experience problem solving, so we could gain more than simple knowledge of engineering.
The main purpose of this study is to introduce and examine a teaching method aiming to connect environmental ethics with engineering ethics. Over the past few decades, ethics and consideration of environmental factors has been regarded as one of the most important competencies in the realm of engineering education, but adequate attention has not been given to the relationship between environmental ethics and engineering ethics. For improving this current situation, author brought a local case, concerned with the schistosomiasis japonica eradication activities in the Chikugo river basin, into the class offered in the National Institute of Technology, Kurume College. Feedbacks partly show that students improved their comprehension and acquired multifaceted viewpoints on environmental problem as a result of this approach.
Students of Kanazawa Institute of Technology have been conducted “Experience on Sound propagation phenomena” for high school students as demonstration on campus visit day. To easily understand the phenomena, we have visualized a sound pressure distribution and then provided hands-on passive noise reduction experience. We prepared a glass tube with formed polystyrene balls and applied acoustic wave from the end. In the tube, the balls were arranged to distributions of sound pressure. Therefore, the high school students can observe standing wave in the tube. After the observation, our students have demonstrated various noise reduction experiments using polymer tubes with branched or bypassed structures. In the demonstration, the high school students felt an effect of the noise reduction structure not only using their own ear and finger for qualitative evaluation, but also using experimental apparatus for quantitative evaluation. In this paper, we describe the demonstrations and show the theory underlies the noise reduction experiment, and also discussed about an educational effectiveness of the hands-on experiments.