66 years ago, US occupation forces over Japan requested 15 professors from ASEE, headed by Dr. H. L. Hazen, Prof. of MIT, to investigate and report the actual condition of engineering education in Japan which improvement would be helpful for Japan’s postwar economic revival. The content of the report was an orthodox proposal over all education for engineers, and many items are effective even today. In this article, matters on industry-university collaborative education is extracted from the report and introduced, including the author’s personal opinion.
We concluded this study with a nationwide questionnaire administered to the science and engineering department of a university and the technical department of a company. The survey’s goal was to verify whether there was a mismatch between the content of academic education and the education desired by industry. While both sides indicated a consistent overarching opinion, some details were different. For example, academic education paid more attention to imparting professional capability and knowledge, while industry desired that more importance be placed on general capabilities and broad liberal arts education. We hope that this survey data will be helpful in the promotion of industryacademia collaboration and reform engineering education in the future.
This paper introduces education of engineers in enterprises. Various collaborations are planned and executed between industry and academia, but the education of engineers in enterprises, especially newcomers education does not change. The cause is a lack of communication between the two, and I recommend continuous improvement.
We interviewed key figures who are deeply connected to engineering education in several prestigious Western universities and institutions. The content of the interviews included curriculum construction, education of industry-academia collaboration, university operations, employment status, project-based learning, and internships. Our results provided insight into advanced Western educational concepts and high-level collaboration between industry and academia. Although the details of education systems vary-from Japan to overseas-the information we obtained could prove useful in bolstering the academic engineering education system and provide a reference for enhancing industryacademia collaboration. Such reforms might include making employment periods flexible, extending internships, and improving examinations.
The authors have developed fundamental PBL under several mechanical engineering themes for over twenty years, and we have promoted the creation of creativity, team ability and management ability that students can do as engineers. In fundamental PBL, students also can learn basic engineering design, PDCA cycle and team management.
An Internet survey was conducted with the purpose of elucidating the status of skill improvement in engineers and useful specialized lectures delivered at universities, and responses were obtained from 800 participants. The results revealed varying trends in the proportion of respondents who considered specialized lectures at universities to be useful, and in the specific titles of lectures cited as useful or presumed useful, if attended, depending on the specialization of the engineers. In addition, the results of the analysis revealed that about half of the respondents obtained support at the workplace for skill improvement. Moreover, the results suggest that the more voluntary learning was appreciated at the workplace, the better was the support for skill improvement.
Hitachi Institute of Technology (HIT) is an educational institute of Hitachi, Ltd. focusing on technical education for employees of Hitachi Group. One of the reasons why electric world is not familiar is that many people do not have wiring experience. Even electric designers draw drawings, but outsource the wiring. In order to know how the electric circuits operate and how the circuit trouble is caused, it is necessary not only to understand the mechanism of the electric circuits but also to have wiring experience, that is “practical training”. While devising training equipment and textbooks, HIT has kept on basic training courses of electrical systems with emphasis on wiring and actual machine training for years. These training courses have had a good reputation from the trainees.
Application fields of IoT systems are expanding and becoming infrastructure of information society. Therefore, development of human resources to build the IoT system and to develop the application system, and also to take advantage of the application system is expected. For human resource development, it is important to build a prototype system to deepen the understanding of IoT. In this paper, we propose a prototype construction method that can be constructed by students of engineering, agricultural, and literary departments in addition to the department of information system. Furthermore, we propose to realize the IoT education curriculum in each department by using this construction method.
The important practical engineering skills are creativity, problem-identifying ability, problem-solving ability, and presentation skill, so that the ability of dealing with the design theme with multiple solutions is required for university students. However the educations for machine design and drafting in the current university do not have always effective curriculums to raise the creativity, problem-identifying ability, problem-solving ability, and presentation skill. Therefore the authors reexamined overall the current educations for machine design and drafting, and then planned and practiced the new subject “Exercise for creative object-making” that can meet the requirements from society by using new circulation type active learning. This new circulation type active learning consists of group learning, self learning, pair learning, and presentation learning. It was found that group learning and pair learning were effective for raise of creativity, problem-identifying ability, and problem-solving ability.
This study presents the practical results concerning model based development (MBD) educational practices implemented by Hiroshima University and Mazda Motor Corporation, an automobile manufacturer, and the consequent educational effects. In recent years, there is an increasing demand for short-period development with limited resources to promptly respond to customer needs. To efficiently proceed with the product development, MBD employing computer simulation is considered effective. However, several professional engineers involved in automobile development have insufficient experience in conducting MBD. In this study, the authors propose an education program that allows these professional engineers to learn the MBD using a motor control system via a hands-on approach. The program is implemented to target 159 professional engineers belonging to Mazda Motor Corporation.
This paper examines the effects of short movie production activities on the improvement of project implementation abilities of students at a college of the National Institute of Technology (NIT). Although several new programs have been introduced to augment the efficiency of liberal arts education in some colleges of NIT, the effects of those attempts have not been fully evaluated. This study provides quantified information obtained through a questionnaire given to students who took a short movie production course. The results show that most of the participants feel that their project implementation abilities have increased. This helps students to better meet the criteria of the Japan Association of Corporate Executives.
The education which brings problem-identifying ability, problem-solving ability, ability to put plans into practice, creativity, communication skills, and presentation skills is being performed by creative education. However the evaluation of learning outcomes becomes important. The features of the quality guarantee of educations in this study are as follows, (1) Evaluations by 3 persons (student, teacher and engineer), (2) Evaluation of individual ability by rubric, (3) Objective performance evaluation of work. The evaluation of company engineer is important to evaluate abilities appropriately that society requires. According to the questionnaire evaluation results, it was found that student could objectively understand his ability level by 3 person’ s evaluations.
We proposed an experiment class using experimental education equipment using LEDs photo sensor. We implemented the class using the equipment. We used a questionnaire to verify how effective the equipment was educationally. As a result of the answers of the students, it was found that it was possible to obtain the request for improvement of equipment leading to active learning and to recognize the connection of the learning field beyond the experiment theme. We showed the possibility that the developed equipment could provide active learning experimental environment.
The liquid crystal display panel has pervaded in our lives. However, most people do not understand the structure and mechanism of a liquid crystal display panel. In this study, a simplified teaching program of making liquid crystal cells was developed to educate students about the mechanism of the liquid crystal panel. Students in this program separated the liquid crystal panel from an electronic calculator, to understand its structure. Thereafter, the student assembled a liquid crystal cell using conductive glass, liquid crystal, and polarizing plate. The program enhanced students’ understanding of not only the connection between science and technology but also the mechanism of the liquid crystal panel.
A simple simulation material for learning extraction was prepared by using several 1 yen coins and a simulation sheet with aqueous (2.0 L) and organic (0.5 L) phase areas drawn on it. The aqueous phase area was divided to four 0.5 L areas. The one coin decided to indicate the quantity of 1 mmol of a target compound. Firstly, the number of coins comparable to the initial compound quantity were putted in the aqueous area according to the rule that the same number of coins located in the each divided area. When the several coins were moved from the aqueous to organic phase areas, it was possible to visually and intuitively estimate the extraction rate and partition coefficient, as well as the aqueous and organic phase concentrations.
Internet of Things (IoT) systems use a wide range of technologies such as sensor data collection and big data analysis on the cloud. This paper proposes an education program for students to acquire the sensor technology and its effective use of designing new IoT systems, in which the students learn the technologies on sensor components, sensor software, and sensor solutions. The proposed program is designed to motivate the students to improve the existent sensors and to create the new idea of sensors. We applied the education program to four courses of universities and evaluated its applicability and effectiveness.
Previous study has investigated that, unlike most other fields, patent literatures are not regarded as a knowledge sources for the conception of new inventions in software field. This result shows a possibility of Japanese patent law’s laying open system is not functioning in this field. Therefore, we have conducted a survey to one of the top Japanese companies in this field which has high priority on patent activity. We have investigated that inventors who have rich experience and achievements, regard patent literatures as knowledge sources for the conception of new inventions. We also found that “high-ability searchers” and “high quality reading comprehension skill” are the key factors for the success to make outstanding engineers.
This study examines the practice of providing basic statistical education to ergonomics engineers through technology seminars and evaluates this education. The content of these seminars consists of six parts: average and variance, Gaussian distribution, testing statistical hypotheses, multivariate analysis, (multiple) regression analysis, and the introduction of statistical analysis tools. The results of the study’s questionnaire survey reveal that this program seems to be effective for engineers who are not accustomed to statistical analysis.
We assisted students in improving their metacognition abilities. In addition, when students submitted their report tasks, a confirmation test was conducted on the report subject. As a result, several findings were obtained that contribute to improving efforts for students′ report tasks.