We conducted lectures in the Japanese manufacturing spirit (Monozukuri philosophy) at Philippines universities, with the aim of securing advanced foreign human resources. First, we developed global teaching materials and the method of Monozukuri philosophy, and conducted a simulated lecture by Japanese lecturers. In addition, we trained Philippine lecturers who can lecture in “Japanese-Style Monozukuri philosophy” in the Philippines. We conducted a demonstration lecture by Filipino lecturers. We will report on the effectiveness of these lectures and their suitability for Japanese manufacturing industry by making a comparison to the results of Filipino and Japanese students on the comprehension self - check sheet, and the exam at the end of the lecture.
In our Electrical Engineering department, we have been introducing a new engineering education method called “in-situ experiment” into the specialized subjects since 2009. It is an education method based on simple experiments performing in classroom to check and confirm basically physical laws or rules just after learning them. We confirmed that this education method is effective especially for 1st and 2nd year students in KOSEN (National College of Technology in Japan). In the electrical engineering, the electrical and electronic circuits are fundamental and most important subjects to learn the wide range of specialized subjects relating to the electrical engineering. In our department, 1st and 2nd year students learn the electrical circuits including digital circuits in the classes, which are named “Fundamentals to Digital Circuits” for 1st year students and “Basic Electric Circuits” for 2nd year students. We confirmed a significant education effect on the in-situ experiments into these classes from the improvement of the average scores of the examination. We also conducted questionnaire survey about the “in-situ experiment”. As a result, we received many positive opinions on the in-situ experiment from the students. A further positive aspect by introducing the in-situ experiments reduced by half the number of student who repeat the same classes for 1st, 2nd and even 3rd year students in our department.
In this study, we explores the possibilities of the generic skills (namely identities, responsibilities, team working, problem discovering) training for students through self-evaluation of club activities. Results of the self-evaluations showed that there are insignificant difference between lower/higher grades and between dormitory/day students. On the other hand, there are significant difference between active/inactive students and actively/inactively instructed clubs. From the above results, it is concluded that activity and style of instructors give a great deal of influence on the development of students’ generic skills. Furthermore, according to a detailed interview with instructors, three tips for better instructions are suggested as follows: ・building a sustainable frameworks for sharing the aim of the club. ・enhancing motivations to encourage self-education. ・giving the necessity minimum advices based on careful observations.
This paper examines methods for improving students’ reactions to misguided questions in question-and-answer (Q&A) sessions through interviews with university professors. The interviewees agreed that an ideal Q&A session is one in which students can receive constructive questions which deepen the understanding of the research topic. The interviewees stated that although they give advice to their students on how to answer questions, there is not enough instruction on how to deal with misguided ones. The interviewees gave five suggestions for how to deal with misguided questions, such as explaining inconsistencies in the question or restating their arguments. It is necessary to instruct students how to choose the most appropriate solution for each situation including proper use of non-verbal communication and para-language.
Although some students may have insufficient study skills at their admission, the educational program of a college should make them catch up with the classes. This article introduces a method focusing on the two basic study skills, that is, taking notes and keeping printed matters, where taking notes does not mean the technique of note taking but the action of taking notes. In this method, a stationary set is provided to each of the freshmen. By just teaching the students to use the stationary for taking notes and keeping the printed matters well arranged, they can constantly elevate their study skills. The results of placement/achievement tests have shown that the method can contribute to the improvement of the study skills.
A major goal of this research has been to discover how students decide an internship. Questionnaire were distributed to students who joined internship. This study revealed the following 5 summaries. 1. Students esteemed the effects to the job hunting. Students were more interested in practical activities than exclusive programs. 2. Students did not recommend to hear the job hunting advice. 3. Advices of job hunting decrease the motivation of getting job entry request. 4. After project and feedback put into effect, the value of project and feedback from the students was improved. 5. Communication with other students decrease the motivation of getting job entry request.
A coupled vibration such as two mass points linked by springs is one of difficult subjects for students to understand only with its associated mathematical expressions. For this subject, students are required to learn how to solve second-order linear differential equations in a mathematical course in the first year, and then study the vibration theory followed by experimental activities in the third year. Here, in order to promote their insight into the vibrational phenomenon, we introduced a numerical simulation for the coupled vibration prior to conducting the experiment. As a result, we confirmed some degree of the causal correlation between the utilization of the simulation and the achievement of the experimental activity. In addition, questionnaire survey results showed that implementation of pre-and post-simulation assisted to improve the understanding of meaning of the experiment and its theoretical background.
It is believed that a workshop is an effective methodology to promote interactive risk communication. While people think about disaster prevention shortsightedly and optimistically, so such viewpoints are obstacles to communicate with various stakeholders. This paper proposes the workshop combined Future Design and Scenario to overcome them and verification of effectiveness. This study reveals that introducing role of future generation promote creating long-term ideas even if it is high cost and not for them by questionnaire. Furthermore, groups assigned worst scenario tend to create ideas related to disaster than alternative scenario. The results confirm that the workshop integrated Future Design and Scenario is effective to elicit long-sightedly and subjective opinions about risk communication.
The upbringing of creativity, problem-identifying ability, problem-solving ability, and planning ability of engineers by using logical thinking is one of important problems for developing products in Japan. The upbringing of above abilities by using logical thinking is required for graduation research and master research in university. Therefore the authors planned and practiced the new subject “Advanced Exercises for Creative Designing toward Problem Solving” that performed master research by using logical thinking. In this education subject, students performed the investigation of conventional studies, the examination of problem-solving method, the planning of research and the conduct of research about their master researches by using logical thinking methods. The results of the questionnaire made it clear to be able to bring up creativity, problem-identifying ability, problem-solving ability, and planning ability by attending the subject.
There are two approaches to measure students′ ability of the engineering design, i. e. the objective evaluation and the subjective evaluation. Objective evaluation can precisely measure the engineering ability, but there remains the issue of the exam cost for the evaluation. Meanwhile, in subjective assessment such as questionnaire survey, this approach is easy to feed the result back to students, but there is not enough evidence to show the objectivity and the validity. Therefore, focusing on the generic skill set which is one of the social capabilities, this paper analyzes correlation between subjective evaluation and objective evaluation and discusses the effectiveness and validity of subjective evaluation of social implementation ability.
Auto mechanics require prompt and accurate judgment on the quality of parts for vehicle diagnosis and inspection. However, experiencing various tasks within a short span of time is impossible. Thus, guidance has focused on how to use measuring instruments for each vehicle part. Because the opportunity to use tools has decreased before entering auto mechanics school, measurement errors have become highly noticeable during practical training. Therefore, training materials pertaining to dial gauges have been developed for training in basic tasks, and the effects of training when performing actual maintenance tasks were examined. Furthermore, we assessed the influence of measurement time on the measurement accuracy of the dial gauge. The results show that measurement accuracy increases with a decrease in measurement time.
This case report notes an attempt of novel experience-based program on the lecture of vibration engineering utilizing Nagoya University Disaster Mitigation Research Building (Gensai-kan). In the program, students experience three kinds of exhibition models relating to the vibration and mechanical engineering. Moreover, Gensai-kan possesses the base isolation system and can be vibrated freely by using the oil jack loading system. Students also experience the actual free vibration of a five-floor building both inside and outside the building. Finally, the theories of the experiences are explained. The goal of this attempt is that the students understand the vibration phenomena and their engineering applications effectively by the combination of model experiences, real building experiences, and theoretical explanation.
Quantum physics is the basic science in the fields of modern electronics, and it is one of the important subjects in physics departments. However, unlike classical mechanics and electromagnetics, quantum physics is not fully understood. At Nihon University, College of Science and Technology, contents applicable to solid state physics are often not taught in courses. Also, regarding the use of ICT, physics courses using ICT are more attractive to students. Therefore, this research reports on a graduate quantum physics course using ICT and its educational value.
In a regular-curriculum for freshmen in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Toyo University, we have provided a subject to design and build rubber-band cars since 2013. In this subject, students make rubber-band cars out of paperboards, acrylic rods, and rubber bands, so that they experience the basic development process from the beginning. Furthermore, the accuracy of their making processes can be evaluated by running the rubber band cars. From the results of a questionnaire, this project-based learning for freshman seemed to provide the motivation to learn technical classes. In order to maintain and improve the students’ motivation, we also started an extracurricular activity for creating a rubber-band car on which people can ride. In this paper, we introduce the PBL in regular subjects and the extracurricular activity and compare the effects and problems of them.
A model satellite “CanSat” is an observation device equipped with a compact computer board and sensors in a commonly available can. We developed a mission planning CanSat kit which students can select several sensors from more than 10 sensors. In this study, we improved our CanSat kit and course design. Improved CanSat kits were used in the CanSat production course of the KOSEN Space Camp in 2017, where the KOSEN students produced original CanSats and did drop test from the balloon. All six groups completed CanSat production during the course and some of the groups achieved high-level data analysis. Course design and follow-up utilizing a system that motivates students, is an effective strategy for PBL (Project Based Learning) education activites.
This paper proposes a 4×8 matrix to analyze and visualize the coverage of an educational material, i.e. collection of articles on science and technology innovation (STI) education. The matrix (named STI matrix), consisting of 4 stages of STI in raw and 8 processes of STI in column, is utilized to describe the coverage of each article of the educational material, which is composed of the following three parts; The part I, II and III describes the background, the skills and examples of STI activities respectively. The analysis clearly visualized not only the covered topics but also not-covered topics in the material. Further study should be done to revise the educational material based on the visualized results.