At Utsunomiya University’s Faculty of Engineering, as a creativity education program for undergraduate students, we conduct PBL type subjects “Problem-Based Learning (PBL)” beyond departments for the first grade engineering students. This program is implemented as an introduction education for specialized courses and motivation for engineering. At the time of graduation, we conduct a follow-up questionnaire survey of “Problem-Based Learning (PBL)”. In this paper, we describe the approach of Utsunomiya University’s Faculty of Engineering to creativity education and the analysis result of follow-up questionnaire.
There are reports that English text typed with unreadable fonts is more memorable than that with readable fonts. The purpose of the textbook is to reinforce the reader’s understanding. Therefore, the unreadable fonts can be better than readable ones. We investigated the effect of font type on the memory and comprehension of typed text in Japanese. We found that the comprehension is better when unreadable font types are applied except that the text was written only in Chinese characters. Our finding can be applied for various educational scene.
Nowadays, even if individual engineers are aware of technical risk within the scope of direct responsibility, it is difficult to exhaustively and accurately grasp and recognize the technical risk of the huge, synthesized and complicated science and technology as a whole. Under “uncertainty of science and technology” , cases are increasing in which engineers are forced to make decision. Under such circumstances, recently, similar artificial accidents and scandals are frequently occurring, and improvement about ability required of engineers and engineering education, is demanded. Therefore, “Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant” is taken up as a representative example of science and technology of hugeness, synthesis and complication, under uncertainty, from the analysis of the cause of the accident, ability required of future engineers is organized and improvement on engineers ability required by JABEE and engineering education is proposed.
In undergraduate education, it is difficult to teach the system development method at regular classes, because there is time constraint. Teachers can explain the type, features of software development method, and development process, etc. However, the lecture can only acquire knowledge. It is difficult for students who have not experienced software development to master the ability actual of system development. In order to solve this problem, we educated the system development method through examinations of citizen support system with collaboration with Nonoichi City and development of prototype system as extracurricular education. In this paper, we report its method and results.
Kanazawa Institute of Technology applies PBL to the backbone of its curriculum, and names it Project Design Program to grow up students into independently minded and actively engaged engineers. Through the Project Design courses for freshmen and sophomores, students construct teams and conduct the experiments to verify the hypotheses and ideas. However, it is difficult for most students to recognize many risk factors which may occur during experiments. In particular, freshmen immediately after enrollment are completely indifferent to risk factors. Therefore we have introduced “Kiken Yochi Training” into the Project Design course for freshmen to ensure safety of students.
To respond to the rapidly changing social situation, it is demanded to promote quality assurance of education and promotion of active learning in the higher educational organization. In this study, we proposed the lecture module which is united with the lecture material, method, and evaluation, centering on the learning achievement. We carry out the lecture modules on the natural sciences class of multiple educational institutions. It was shown that students’ learning achievement can be improved effectively by conducting assessment on leaning achievement for each lesson and incorporating cooperative learning. This module will be expected to spread in a wide range of subject areas, promote improvement of lessons at each course and each lesson level will promote organizational improvement of education.
In this paper, we propose a new approach to student experiments, which consist of technical research themes studied by each teacher belonging to the department, under a few restrictions such as human resources and a class schedule. In this approach, a sustainable education system can be constructed without increasing both of teachers loads and students loads. In addition, this education system favorably influences students’ understanding of their graduation researches and inquisitiveness about engineering with some questionnaires. As the result, the point at issue for academic is clearly articulated.
Recently, the industrial accidents rate of young unskilled workers is increasing in our country. Therefore, in national institute of technology which produces young engineers, an effective safety and health education for these workers is also desired strongly. Action to collect near-miss incident information is important position in such education. However, the near-miss reporting is not functioning effectively at the majority of national institute of technology because of negative consciousness and lack of understandings about this activity. In this research, we proposed the teaching method about the near-miss reporting using minority influence in order to solve these issues and carried out this method for three years from 2015 at our school. In this paper, we showed that injury accidents and tool breakages decrease as student near-miss reports increase, and safety culture maturity level in the mechanical workshop rises.
Pack test analysis using colorimetric analysis is easily determination analysis, compared performed coloration of the pack test that with the standard colorings. However, analytical signal strongly depends on the sense of color of the analyst, pack test analysis has a problem of reliability of the analysis result. Smart device (smart phone and tablet) can transmit and receive information and data using a network function of the applications software. On the basis of these characteristics, in this study, through environmental analysis (COD analysis), we examined the effectiveness as the on-site analyzer of the smart device, possibility and problem solution to application to the engineering education for students. In consequence, analysis conditions of pack test using smart device could established. Even, its result showed lower than official COD method, because of oxidation rate of pack test is lower than official COD method. Besides, setting educational theme for accuracy improvement of smart device analysis from the viewpoint of chemistry will be able to cultivate creativity, and be effective for engineering education.
This article proposes a new program of science events based on “Systematic Science Education Program”. Although current science programs held throughout Japan offer children opportunities to get interested in science, this new program aims to develop children’s ability to think and encourage their inquiring minds. In carrying out this program, students at National Institute of Technology at Tomakomai College conduct science demonstrations as an extracurricular activity in the field of engineering education. In this paper, we discuss an effective use of science events referring to the results of science demonstrations as well as the results of questionnaires.
In this paper, we describe the approach to, and framework of, education for students aiming at obtaining a job in a technical position. In addition to “Idea contest” in “Study Build-up 1” and “useless engineering contest” in “Study Build-up 2,” which are depicted in our previous paper, “Bibliobattle” in “Study Build-up 3” is conducted bearing in mind the interviews involved in job hunting. From the perspective of the employment rate of a good company, the framework of student education shown in this paper is suggested as being effective in aiding students to land a job in a technical position.
It is necessary to train not only lectures and exercises but also design and team work skills through hands-on experimental learning. In our department, as the efforts of hands-on experimental learning, construction and walking experiment of wooden truss bridges with about 2m span length, which are constructed with adhesive only, are conducted. The aims of this subject are the cultivation of team work skills and the leadership in the engineering education. It is also intended to look back the degree of understanding and the significance of learning of “Structural Mechanics” as one of the fundamental subjects in the civil engineering. In this paper, we introduce the efforts of hands-on experimental learning and educational effects through the construction and walking experiment of wooden truss bridges and questionnaire results.
Students with majors in the life sciences tend to find employment in typical life science industries, such as the pharmaceutical and food industries. However, the number of job openings in these industries has peaked, and recent life science industries require more than biological skills. In this program, we aimed to focus on creating career consciousness in the current life science field by PBL in the first-year experience. Students realize and learn what they need to build their career from an early stage.