The aim of this article is to consider the general history of the relationship between the Old Believers chasovennie and the Soviet government, including the sect leaders’ conception of the government in general and historical place of the Soviet government in particular, from the viewpoint of their apocalypticism. And thus we make clear the correlation between the historical process and the evolution of the standpoint of their leaders to the Soviet Union. Actually this sect produced a number of political refugees after the Russian Revolution. For this reason, we focus our discussions on this sect. Why did they engage in such radical behavior?
On the other hand, considering the case of the sect stranniki (pilgrims), who were regarded as one of the most radical groups among the Old Believers in prerevolutionary times, we point out that their radical thought was inherited by the sect of chasovennie. In accordance with new materials published by Russian researchers, we approach this topic from a diachronic reexamination of these materials.
The theme of this paper is restricted to a quite definite aim – to make a kind of a list of books, almanacs and brochures that had belonged to A. S. Pushkin, or supposedly had been read by him, and had been connected with East Asia, the Far East, China, Japan, Mongolia and Russian Siberia. In other words, this paper aims to create a list of printed materials that had, or could have been, part of Pushkin’s reading. It is a well-known fact that Pushkin never had an opportunity to go abroad, so “books has become ‘abroad’ for him” (E. Genieva).
Research on this topic was initially undertaken about thirty years ago by Kusaka Sotokichi, a poet, writer and researcher of Russian literature, and the present paper is a continuation of his work.