The Journal of Education and Health Science
Online ISSN : 2434-9127
Print ISSN : 0285-0990
Volume 54 , Issue 3
Showing 1-7 articles out of 7 articles from the selected issue
  • Kin-ya KUBO, Akiko KOJO, Minoru ONOZUKA
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 177-186
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
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  • Katsunori SUMI
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 187-197
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     The importance of social problem-solving has been highlighted in the West by numerous studies that have found a significant link between problem-solving deficits and maladjustment. On the other hand, in Japan only few attempts have so far been made at social problem-solving ability. The purpose of this study was to clarify characteristics of social problem-solving from the view of relationships to psychological adjustment and coping. Subjects consisted of 168 college students (70 women and 98 men) with a mean age of 21.0 years, and were administered the Japanese versions of the 16-item social problem-solving scale, 10-item Perceived Stress Scale, the depressive symptoms subscale of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Coping Inventory for the Japanese. Exploratory factor analysis of the 16-item social problem-solving scale identified two components of social problem-solving, problem orientation and problem-solving skills. As expected, social problem-solving was negatively related with psychological stress and depression, and positively related with subjective well-being. Social problem-solving was positively correlated to approach coping, and was negatively correlated to avoidance coping. There were little differences between the magnitudes of these correlations. In addition, the modest to moderate correlations between social problem-solving and coping suggest that independence between both constructs. Results of the hierarchical regression analyses indicated that social problem-solving predicted psychological stress and depression beyond what was accounted for by coping. However, social problem-solving was found not to add significant incremental validity for predicting variance in subjective well-being. Implications of the present findings and some potential limitations were discussed.
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  • Shigeki MATSUDA, Shinichi DEMURA, Kazuyoshi MIYAGUCHI, Kosho KASUGA, T ...
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 198-205
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     This study aimed to examine the sex, age, and right and left differences of floating-toe and the relationship between floating-toe and physique in 579 preschool children (296 boys and 283 girls) aged from 3 to 6 years. The contact surface area of the soles was pictured during standing on a Pedoscope with bare feet. The presence of floating-toe was judged by trained testers. About 40 to 60 percent of the children were judged to have a floating toe. It was further clarified that the recently observed increase in children with floating-toe occurs in all age levels, from 3 to 6 years of age. The floating-toe occurred predominantly in the order of the fifth, fourth, second, and third toes, with 90 percent of the children having the fifth floating-toe. There were few sex, age, or right and left differences and little relationship to physique in the rate of children with floating-toe. It will be necessary to examine the cause of the floating-toe and its influence on the body in detail in the future.
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  • Hiroki AOKI, Shinichi DEMURA, Shigeki MATSUDA
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 206-212
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     This study aimed to clarify sex and right/left differences of floating toes and the sole parameters and their relationship with physique in young adults.  The subjects were 100 healthy young males (mean age 20.9±2.11 yr, mean height 169.8±5.84cm, mean mass 63.2±9.07kg) and 100 young females (mean age 21.4±1.63 yr, mean height 159.0±5.30cm, mean mass 53.1±7.08kg).  Although, there were many persons with floating fifth toes (18.0〜28.0%), there were no sex or right/left differences found. Individual differences of arch area were significantly larger in females (males: CV=19.9〜23.4 and females: CV=104.9〜110.4). Parameters of height, and width were significantly larger in males. In addition, a significant right/left difference was found in parameters of area, angle, height, and width. Gross foot length and foot length showed significant and moderate correlations (r=0.43〜0.52) with stature in both sexes.  From the results, the following was concluded: sex and right/left differences are not large in the floating toes and sole parameters corrected by physique. Individual differences are large in the arch area in females. People with high stature tend to have a large sole.
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  • Yoshiyuki WATANABE
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 213-227
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     This study was conducted for the purpose of understanding the amount of physical activity performed by people during the Edo period. This report used the example of the priest Hakuin and measured the distances he walked between temples on training and pilgrimage. To measure the distances, the author of this report needed to faithfully keep track of the names and locations of the temples the priest Hakuin visited. Hakuin visited a total of 137 temples and seven private residences. He walked 500 kilometers or more a year at the ages of 23, 24, 26, 27, 29, 66, 67 and 74. If one walks a distance of four kilometers three times a week, one will end up walking 576 kilometers over the course of a year. The annual distance walked by the priest Hakuin is roughly the same as the annual distance walked when one walks a distance of four kilometers three times a week. This level of physical activity can be performed by people today. Given the above, the author proposes the slogan, “Let’s walk like the priest Hakuin.”
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  • Sanae KAWAMURA, Shigeharu TAKAI, Toru TAKAHASHI, Kin-ya KUBO, Minoru O ...
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 228-235
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Abstract  We measured bite force in 3,017 children (1,556 boys, 1,461 girls) who performed the new physical fitness test from 1999 to 2006, to analyze the relationship between bite force and the new physical fitness. The results obtained were as follows: 1. There was a strong positive correlation between bite force and increased age in both sexes. 2. Linear regression analysis revealed that bite force, tended to decrease with each generation. 3. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed a strong positive correlation between bite force grip strength tested by the new physical fitness tests.
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  • Kanako OGISO, Nanae IMAI
    2009 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 236-244
    Published: 2009
    Released: October 26, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     Background. This study aimed to getting a problem of the education for support to be possible by security and a fundamental document. It is important that the tendency of how to catch understanding and support of the risk for the fall in the care training of the student.  Methods. The risk management worksheet to carry out for learning after a thing of the care training is an analysis object.  Results. An exercise function deteriorated by various causes, and the user who merged dementia understood many things. The thing student who became a help to evade an accident learned that all types of job noticed a signature of a user.  Consideration. The student was able to study necessity to manage measures method by analyzing a factor with an SHEL model systematically from the area called “Software”“Hardware ”“Environment”.
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