The Journal of Education and Health Science
Online ISSN : 2434-9127
Print ISSN : 0285-0990
Volume 66 , Issue 1
Showing 1-5 articles out of 5 articles from the selected issue
  • Kanako OGISO, Kohji ITOH
    2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 8-21
    Published: 2020
    Released: August 07, 2020
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     The purpose of this study was to clarify the factors related to the provision of nursing care to elderly patients with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) at hospitals for communitybased care (Hs-C-BC). A questionnaire survey was administered to 1,370 nurses at Hs-C-BC in four prefectures in the Tokai region. A multiple regression analysis with the stepwise method was performed, in which subscales of the support standards for BPSD (SS–BPSD) were used as dependent variables and either basic attribute or work environment (to assess the relationships among the nurses) was used as an independent variable. The valid response rate was 41.6% (N = 570). Results of SS-BPSD and each subscale indicated that there was no relationship between the provision of nursing care and nurses’ age, between the provision of nursing care and nurses’ educational background, and between the provision of nursing care and nurses’ years of experience. The multiple regression analysis revealed that work environment and exchanging opinions with people in other occupations were the two factors related to all the SS-BPSD. It is important for nurses to perform care while collaborating with people in other occupations as well as other nurses. The continuous practice of dementia care may strengthen nurses’ abilities to cope with patients suffering from BPSD.
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  • Kentaro HAYAKAWA, Katsunori FUJII, Toshiro SAKAI, Shinobu URANO, Tohru ...
    2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 22-30
    Published: 2020
    Released: August 07, 2020
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     The phase angle values of healthy Japanese male and female adolescents have not been clearly elucidated. In this study, the phase angles measured in healthy Japanese adolescents were 6.54°±0.39 in males and 5.59°±0.44 in females. The physiques, distribution of obesity and thinness, and motor performance of the subjects were compared with data from a national survey and found to be nearly the same, and so the phase angle data obtained in this study are thought to express the data for Japanese male and female adolescents. These values are low compared with people in western countries, for which differences in physique are thought to be a factor. However, they were also lower than the values for Germans of the same age and similar physique, and so this is thought to be a characteristic of Japanese adolescents. Motor performance was found to be related to muscle strength and endurance, but further study is needed.
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  • Kosuke SUZUKI, Ryohei HAYASHI, Yusaku OGURA
    2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 31-40
    Published: 2020
    Released: August 07, 2020
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of instructions for improving posture in relation to the sprint ability of upper-grade children without using special equipment. The subjects were 13 upper-grade elementary school children who planned to participate in sprinting and relaying events in the athletic meet. The instruction was a total of eight times (including pre- and post-measurement), each lasting about 45 minutes. In each lesson, various exercises to maintain a good posture were introduced, with relating to sprint skills. The results were as follows. First, it was thought that the instruction for improving posture with relating to sprint skills was meaningful because children’s total time had shortened due to improving sprint speed and the rate of decline in speed. Second, since the forward head angle, which is an index of poor posture, improved significantly after the instruction, making the children aware of a good posture in relation to sprint instructions was effective in improving the standing posture of the children. Then, the children's posture improved in the post-measurement, even though the instruction for pre- and post-measurements was only "to stand straight and look ahead." Hence, it is possible that the image of the children responding to the instruction "stand straight" changed from "ordinary comfortableposture" to "good posture consciousness in sprint practice." And the relationship between the standing posture and sprint ability cannot be confirmed, but it is possible that the improvement in the standing posture reduced the energy loss during sprinting. As a result, it may be possible to maintain the speed until the last phase of the 50-m sprint. These results suggest that the instructions provided in this study may be one of the effective methods to improve the posture and sprinting ability of children.
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  • Katsunori SUMI
    2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 41-50
    Published: 2020
    Released: August 07, 2020
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
     Well-being, which refers broadly to optimal psychological functioning and experience, has been generally conceptualized and operationalized from two perspectives: hedonism and eudaimonism. Social problem solving refers to the self-directed cognitive-behavioral process by which a person attempts to identify or discover effective and adaptive solutions for specific problems encountered in everyday life. Social problem-solving ability consists of two major components: problem orientation and problem-solving skills. Although it has been theoretically predicted that well-being and social problem-solving ability reciprocally influence each other, this reciprocal influence remains insufficiently examined. This study mainly examines the reciprocal influence through the application of a cross-lagged effects model using longitudinal data from college students. A total of 228 participants who were all college students (80 women, 148 men) completed questionnaires twice, four weeks apart. The questionnaires contained the Japanese versions of the following four scales:(1)the Satisfaction With Life Scale;(2)Scale of Positive and Negative Experience, which comprises the positive feelings scale and negative feelings scale;(3)the Flourishing Scale; and(4)the social problem-solving scale, which comprises the problem-solving selfefficacy scale and problem-solving skills scale. The cross-lagged effects models representing the hypothesized reciprocal influence were tested using structural equation modeling. The results support the hypothesis that life satisfaction or psychological flourishing and these two components of social problemsolving ability would reciprocally influence each other. In addition, there was reciprocal influence between the experience of positive feelings and problem-solving skills. Moreover, the experience of negative feelings influenced problem-solving skills, and problem-solving self-efficacy influenced the experience of negative feelings. There was no influence relationship between the experience of negative feelings and problem-solving self-efficacy. Implications of the findings, limitations of this study, and suggestions for future research are discussed.
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  • Kaei WASHINO, Hiroko URAWA, Hironori UMETSU, Mei KATSU
    2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 51-58
    Published: 2020
    Released: August 07, 2020
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    We investigated the degree of contamination of computer mice in computer rooms used by an unspecified number of students at university, and examined methods for identifying bacterial species. The results are as follows. 1. The presence of seven types of bacteria was confirmed on the surface of the mouse by collecting and culturing the bacteria by wiping the surface of the mouse. 2. More bacteria were found in the left-click area of frequently used mice than in the right-click area. 3. Bacteria were also present on the surface of mice 3 months after use. 4. It was shown that alkaline heat extraction is effective as a method for extracting DNA directly from colonies for preparing DNA samples for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 5. Identification of bacterial species by 16S rDNA for two colonies revealed that Staphylococcus species, a resident bacterium of human skin, sebaceous line, and nasopharyngeal mucosa, and Bacillus species, an aerobic or facultative anaerobic spore-forming bacillus was present on the mouse surface. Although the bacteria identified in this study are attenuated, they can cause serious infections in compromised individuals. The inanimate surface used by an unspecified number of people must always be eradicated based on the recognition that there is microbial contamination, and it is necessary to practice infection prevention based on standard precautions such as hand washing.
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