民族衛生
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
検索
OR
閲覧
検索
24 巻 , 5 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
  • 三橋 公平
    24 巻 (1958) 5 号 p. 219-229,A17
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    By using Koike's method of classification, studies were made on the fingerprints of the inhabitants, 1, 141 males and 1, 358 females, of Nasu-gun, Tochigi Prefecture. The results are summarized as follows:
    (1) The fingers in which the types S. and OW showed the highest and second highest incidences, respectively, were the middle and small fingers of the right hand and the middle and small fingers of the left hand in males, and all the fingers other than the ring fingers of either hands in females. The fingers in which there were the highest and second highest incidences of OW and S respectively, were the ring fingers of either hands both in males and females.
    (2) Incidences of all the types of fingerprints in each finger were almost the same in males and females, and in the right hand as in the left, with slight exceptions. The type B occurred most often in the index finger, the type S in the small or middle finger, the type ODS in the thumb and type OW in the 4th finger.
    (3) In fingers in which there were differences in the incidence of the type of fingerprint between the right and left hands, the incidences of the types B, S, and ODS were higher in the left hand than in the right, while the type OW occurred in greater number in the right hand than in the left. In the middle finger in females, however, the incidence of the type S was higher in the right hand than in the left, and the incidence of the type OW was higher in the left hand than in the right.
    (4) When the incidences of all the types of finger prints in each finger were examined, there were some fingers which showed differences in incidence of the type of fingerprint due to sex. In these fingers the incidences of the types B, S and ODS were higher in females, while the incidence of the type OW was higher in males.
    (5) When the incidences of all the types of fingerprints in the five fingers of a hand were examined, there were some hands which showed differences in the incidence of the type of fingerprint between males and females. In these hands the incidences of the types B, S and ODS were higher in females, and the incidence of the type OW was higher in males.
    (6) In the incidence of the type of fingerprint in each hand, the inhabitants of Nasu-gun were in the intermediate position between the inhabitants of South Kanto and Tohoku Districts; in both males and females the incidence of the type B was higher in Nasu-gun than in South Kanto District, and lower in Nasu-gun than in Tohoku District, in males the incidence of the type OW was higher in Nasu-gun than in Tohoku District, though there was no significant difference in the incidence of this type between Nasu-gun and South Kanto District, while in females the incidence of this type was higher in Nasu-gun than in Tohoku-District, and lower in Nasu-gun than in South Kanto District, and there was not much difference between these districts in the incidence of the type S.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 岩井 貫一
    24 巻 (1958) 5 号 p. 230-248,A18
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    This village is by the beech, and is one of the largest orange-raising villages of central Japan. It was studied carefully on the spot. The conclusions are as follows:
    1. There are more females than males among 1090 married people (including the divorced and those who lost their Partners).
    2. Excepting the period of this lost war, the marriage situation showed a comparativety constant condition.
    3. The marriage-age was quite early during the Meiji period, but it is becoming later according to the passing of years.
    4. As to the study of the separation, among the dead, more husbands died than wives.
    5. The marriage in villages has as one of its purposes the increase of labor power. And those who were divorced marry again the majority are husbands marrying again & women marrying for the first time.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 鈴木 義一郎, 尾藤 敏夫
    24 巻 (1958) 5 号 p. 249-262,A19
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    Investigating the effect of therapy which was administered for 211 neurosis that visited at the Medical School of Gifu and the Toyooka Public Hospital, the following results are obtained.
    1. All of the symptoms the patients showed, were insomnia, somatic and psychoneurotic complains. Insomnia and psychoneurotic complaints are more affected by therapy than somatic complaints and this result shows a significant difference by the X2-test.
    2. The patients of the Medical School of Gifu were compared with those of the Toyooka Pub. Hosp., and the patients of the latter were more highly affected than the patients of the former by therapy, with a significant difference. The above-mentioned result is due to two facts. Firstly in the aforesaid two materials there is a different frequency between the numbers of the respective neurosis that we divided into seven groups, namely relatively many compulsive neurosis are included in the material of the Medical School of Gifu, on the other hand in the material of the Toyooka Pub. Hosp. reactive depressions are contained in large numbers respectively. Secondly in the material of the Medical School of Gifu the patients whose condition of illness is fixed and who visit psychiatrist from hand to hand are contained relatively in large numbers.
    3. Existence of a motive has no influence on the effect of therapy of neurosis.
    4. The neurosis with character-anomaly or mental defect are inclined to have no effect by therapy, and only in the neurosis with character-anomaly there is a significant difference.
    5. In neurasthenia, conversions-hysteria, hypochondria and anxiety-neurosis the period from falling sick to visiting the psychiatrist has no influence on the effect of therapy, on the other hand in compulsive neurosis and reactive depression this period has an influence on the effect of therapy, and there is a significant difference between the patients with the short period and the patients with the long period. In sensitive reaction this period has an influence on the effect of therapy, but there is no significant difference.
    6. As to the effect of therapy there is no difference between the patients with psychopathological traits, the patients without psychopathological traits which are limited to siblings, parents and children.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 高橋 英次, 加藤 勝雄, 阿部 十郎, 川上 吉昭, 矢野 薫夫
    24 巻 (1958) 5 号 p. 263-277,A20
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    青年期における高血圧的傾向を追及する研究の一端として男女定時制夜間高校生の血圧を測定し,全日制昼間高校生のそれと比較した.定時制高校生の血圧水準は全日制高校生に較べて一般に高い傾向にあるように思われるが,定時制高校生の血圧測定時刻が午後6~8時であるので,午前9~12時の間に測定した全日制高校生の血圧水準とそのまゝ比較することには無理がある.然し一応発育,体格指数及び向性指数,情意不安訴数等の心理テスト成績と血圧との間の関係について吟味した.なお定時制高校生については無職者と有職者及び事務系と現場系の職種別にも血圧水準を比較した.
    測定時刻による差を一応考慮の外におけば,定時制高校生の血圧水準は全日制高校生のそれに比して高い.この年令層では概して発育,体格と血圧との間に或程度の順相関々係が見られるが,定時制高校生は全日制高校生に比して一般に発育,体格がよくないに拘らず血圧水準は高いように思われる.心理テストによる向性指数,情意不安訴数等からも,又定時制高校生の職の有無,職種等の相違からも定時制高校生の高血圧的傾向に大きく影響すると思われる因子は掴み得なかつた.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 塚原 國雄, 勝沼 晴雄, 橋本 秀子, 田中 恒男, 戸次 澄美子
    24 巻 (1958) 5 号 p. 278-282,A20
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    Reporting the present system and situation of “Health Counselling Unit” of the branch hospital of the University of Tokyo, the significance of the activity of health counselling unit in hospital was discussed.
    Regarding technique applied for health counselling carried out in the unit, directive as well as non-directive counselling seemed to be equally essential. About the management of health counselling, the referal systeur of counsellee to clinical consultation, medical social.: work, activity of preventive medicine etc should carefully be established, and close team approach among these referal units are extremely imporant.
    In addition to the health counselling, the unit is also active in home extension service of medical care. Through all cases concerned in this kind of service, it was thought that counselling toward the family of case is very important so as to make the service more effective.
    As a conclusion, the authors consider that every hospitalshould have health counselling unit as a part of health guidance unit, and that the health, guidance uuit also can offer home extension service of medical care in orderto establish comprehensive health care which is said to be a diserable type of health and medical care.
    抄録全体を表示
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
feedback
Top