民族衛生
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26 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
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  • 諏訪 久
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 253-258,A19
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    It is a subject of question how the factor of living circumstances of the society affects the health of girl students who are in their adolescence. We can find some fragmentary reports on its inf uence over the outside physical conditions such as stature or weight. However, few studies have been done with any attention on endoplasum. I investigated approximately 3, 000 girl students who are considered to be living in similar circumstances and saw how circumstances of life, i. e. city life, country life, or those who were born in the country and are presently living in a city, family occupations, financial conditions, and work affect the constitution and the blood gravity in endoplasum.
    As to the build of the body those who were born in the country and are living in a ctiy are the superior of all, and city residents, and next country residents follow. I want to note that a remarkable growth of body of those from the country is seen after they came to live in a city. Seen from their parents' occupation, daughters of physicians, lawyers, and directors of big enterprising companies are superior than daughters of white coller workers and farmers. Financially, seen from their food expenditure, which is considered to be most directly affected by the family income, those who spend more than 4, 000 yen for food have superior constitution to and more satisfactory growth than those who spend less. Also I found that though temporarily long hours of study affect the student's stature and weight. It is not clear whether or not this is caused merely by food problem but we cannot deny the greatness of its influence. From the investigation of blood gravity I found that there is a certain rela. tionship between coustitution and growth: those who are superior in constitution, especially in weight, have greater blood gravity, and financial circumstances are also seen reflected in blood gravity. What the blood gravity means to adolescent people is especially significant. Of course without any knowledge of particulars of living conditions of students, such as conditions of dormitory, etc. we would not be able to know the reason why those who came to live in a city from the country show such remarkable improvements in constitution in a single year. Also I investigated the subject from menses, which is one of the inner conditions of body. I compared those who have some accompanying symptoms and those without them, and also difference of age. During the menses the blood gravity goes down and shows a considerable change of value in usual examinations. Those who have some accompanying symptoms have tower blood gravity than those without them. Younger people are less affected by menses, which would be an important key in the diagnosis of any disorder of menses.
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  • 諏訪 久
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 259-263,A20
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    In order to know the influence of social living circumstances, i. e. life in city, life in farm village, or life of these who came from the country and are presently living in a city, occupation and financial state of family, etc., over the blood figure the writer examined approximately 3, 000 girl students who are considered to be living on normal standard of living and to be healthy.
    The nmber of red blood-corpuscle of city students are greater than that of country students, and the number of white blood-corpuscle is the contrary. Of the percentage of white blood-corpuscle city students have more pro-neutral white blood-corpuscles, less pro-acid white corpuscles, and less lymphatic corpuscles. No difference was observed among various occupations and among different incomes of the student's family. The writer took up the menses as one of the circumstances of the body and executed the same observation on menses: for those who have accompanying symptoms during the menses period and for those who have not, and also for each age group. Red blood-corpuscle decreased during menses period while white blood-corpuscle increased. No difference was seen among different age groups.
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  • 諏訪 久
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 264-268,A20
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    In order to know the influence of social living circumstances, i. e. life in city, life in farm village, or life of these who came from the country and are presently living in a city, occupation and financial state of family, etc., over the blood figure the writer examined approximately 3, 000 girl students who are considered to be living on normal standard of living and to be healthy.
    The nmber of red blood-corpuscle of city students are greater than that of country students, and the number of white blood-corpuscle is the contrary. Of the percentage of white blood-corpuscle city students have more pro-neutral white blood-corpuscles, less pro-acid white corpuscles, and less lymphatic corpuscles. No difference was observed among various occupations and among different incomes of the student's family. The writer took up the menses as one of the circumstances of the body and executed the same observation on menses: for those who have accompanying symptoms during the menses period and for those who have not, and also for each age group. Red blood-corpuscle decreased during menses period while white blood-corpuscle increa-, : sed. No difference was seen among different age groups.
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  • Hisa SUWA
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 269-276
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Hisa SUWA
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 277-283
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 針生 敏雄
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 284-299,A21
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    仙台市内小・中学校児童・生徒について,その発育(身長・体重・胸囲)と運動能力(走・跳・投・懸垂力)・知能(I.Q.)との関係を検討した.
    I.身長・体重・胸囲各々について,之を大・中・小の3群に分けて,運動能力・知能を比較すると,11才の男女・14才男に於ては身長についても,体重についても,胸囲についても其の大・中・小群の順に走・跳・投力は何れも劣るが,懸垂力は11才男女では逆順を示し,14才男では走・跳・投力と同様に正順を示す.然しその大・中群間には有意差を認めない.
    14才の女に於ては,11才男女及び14才男と趣を異にし,身長と走力の関係のみ正順で,跳力は明かに逆順を示し,投力も大体逆順関係である.而して体重・胸囲に於ては走・跳・投力何れも其の関係が乱れて有意差を示さない.懸垂力は,身長に於ては一定の関係を示さないが,体重・胸囲に於ては大なる群ほど劣り,明かに逆順を示す.
    I.Q.については,身長では11才・14才男女総て身長の大なる群ほど優れている.然し女の大・中群間の差のみは11才・14才ともに有意と云い得ない.
    体重では,身長の場合と全く同様であるが,この場合は男11才の中・小群の差及び女11才・14才の大・中群の差には有意性が見られない.
    胸囲では,一定の傾向を認め得ないが,11才では男女とも大群が概して優れ,14才では男女とも小群が他群より明かに劣つている.
    II.発育と運動能力・知能との関係を,出生月令及び身長又は体重因子の影響を除外した第2次の相関係数について検討した.
    走力は身長に対し11才・14才,男女総て正相関を示し,殊に14才の女に於て相関の程度が強い.体重に対しては11才では男女とも明かな相関は見られず,14才では男は正相関,女は負相関を示す.胸囲に対しては11才男では正相関,14才女では負相関を見るが,11才女と14才男では相関々係を証明し得なかつた.
    跳力は身長に対し11才の男女と14才の女では正相関を示すが,14才の男では低い負の相関を示す.体重に対しては11才・14才の男のみ正相関を示し,11才の女では何らの相関を見ず,14才の女では負相関が見られる.而して14才男の正相関は特に顕著であつた.胸囲に対しては14才男に於て正相関が見られるのみである.
    投力は身長に対して11才の男女・14才の男女総て極めて低いが正相関があるものの様である.体重に対しては男に於てのみ正相関を示し,女では相関を認め難い.胸囲に対しても体重に於けると同様に男に於てのみ正相関を見る.
    懸垂力は身長に対し11才の男女及び14才の女に於ては相当の正相関を示すが,14才の男に於ては相関が見られない.体重に対しては身長の場合とは逆に11才の男女及び14才の女に於て相当程度の負相関を示すが,14才の男では低い正相関が見られる.胸囲に対しては体重の場合と大体同様に11才の男女及び14才の女では負相関が見られるが,その程度は体重の場合より極めて低い.而して14才の男では体重に於けると同様に低いながら正相関が見られる.
    I.Q.については,I.Q.そのものが既に月令的考慮が加えられているので零次の相関そのまゝであるが,身長に対しては11才の男女・14才の男女総て正相関を示す.体重に対しては14才女を除き総て低いながら正相関を示す.胸囲に対しては14才男のみ明かに正相関を示すが,14才女では0.12±0.050(P<0.05)の正相関であり,11才では男女ともに相関を見ない.
    最後に極めて概括的な結論を試みるならば同一生年月の者でも身体発育の良好な者は一般に其の運動能力及び知能の発達も良い傾向が認められる.然し此の傾向は発育完成に近ずくと低下するものゝ様である.
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  • 村井 広
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 300-310,A21
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    A hygienic investigation was made to have some idea of the living of inhabitants in Fujisawa Town, Higashiiwai County, Iwate Prefecture where the cultivation of leaftabacco is prevalent.
    1) This part of the prefecture is situated in the southern tip of Iwate Prefecture, adjacent of Miyagi Prefecture, located in the hillock zone on the west inclined plane stretching to the Kitakami Mountain Range, and about 10 and 60% of the area are fields and forest lands respectively, with households engaged in agricultural and forestry industries accounting for 80% of the whole households.
    2) As regards the atmospheric phenomenon, the yearly average temperature is 9.8 C and in January, February and March, the temperature goes down below zero, the nortnwesterly prevailing wind being fairly strong.
    3) The population composition forms a triangle with the low age group as a basis and the numbers of males and females for a population of 16, 398 are 7, 968 and 8, 430 respectively and though the males outnumber females up to 5-19 year age group, this situation is reversed in the following ages, the difference being larger in conjunction with increasing ages.
    4) Rate of the population in employment is 51%.
    5) The crude birth rate for the 5 years from 1946 through 1956 is 21.95 per 1, 000 population and the crude death rate is 9.57 per 1, 000 population.
    6) With reference to the economic situation, the average income in this area is 51.4% of that in the prefecture and those in the farmhouses and nonfarmhouses are 1011 and 38.8% respectively, the former group being better off.
    7) Cultural activity is not so brisk.
    8) The number of medical facilities are 7 and that of physicians is 10. Popula iion per physician is 670 and the average number of patients per day in the whole town is 375 and in farmers' slack seasons they make a visit to clinics, the majority being with chronic diseases.
    9) When persons engaged in cultivation for leaf-tabacco is compared with those for pure farming.
    i) Income per acres in the former group is 93, 292 yen and that in the latter is 186, 404 yen, the former being more profitable.
    ii) The former requires labor 5 to 6 times as great as that for the latter.
    iii) Percent of persons in the former showing hypertension with 150mmHg or over is 18.7%, being larger than 8.7% for those in the latter and the difference is obseverd in the 30-60 year age group.
    10) The results of a nutritional survey revealed the deficiency in the amount of intake of animal protein, vitamin A and colored vegetables.
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  • 松森 正美
    26 巻 (1960) 3 号 p. 311-324,A23
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    The writer made a biometric measurement of bodies, heads and faces for 528. adult inhabitants of Hongu-machi and Kumanogawa-machi situated in the valley of the upper course of the Kumano River, Wakayama perfecture, from the constitutional-anthropological point of view, in October, 1957. The summarized findings through thedetailed examination on measurements and indices over 25 items are as follows:
    1. The average height of the inhabitants is 160.52±0, 26cm which belongs to“short -medium height” by Mr. Martin's classification and to “medium height” by Prof. Koya and his group. It is a similar type to those of the eastern part of Saitama prefecture and Shimoheii district, Iwate prefecture.
    2. The average comparative-length of the upper limbs is 41.19±0.06. Over half of all, the higher ratio than other districts, belong to the “short arm” class.
    3. The maximum length of head is 188.83±0.30mm which is similar to the inhabitantsof Hiuga and Iwaki. The maximum breadth of head is 153.62.±0.25mm which is similar to those Northern Shinshu, Southern Kyushu and Shimoheii district, Iwateprefecture. The average index number of length-breadth of head is 81.84±0.22 which belongs to “short head-length” by Martin's classification and is similar to the inhabitants of Tsushima island, Northern Shinshu and Hida.
    4. The breadth of zygomatic arch is 144.29±0.23mm and the index of zygomatic arch is 77.54±0.15. Many of the facial types here belong to the middle type of the face classification.
    5. The average number of the morphological face index is 83.87+0.21mm which is relatively low. The distribution of the face classification is similar to that of inhabitants of Murayama basin. The close similarity in the type difference is seen with Shinshu Azumi, Southern part of Noto Peninsula, Hida, Oku Noto and Murayama basin.
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