民族衛生
検索
OR
閲覧
検索
26 巻 , 5 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
  • 平野 英宇
    26 巻 (1960) 5 号 p. 397-433,A29
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    The author has studied on health including dental diseases of the people in Mikurajima, one of the Izu Islands. This island is much different from the others of Japan on social and economical points of view. It has a physician in a clinic run by health insurance as the only medical institution. Health center services are scarcely given by the com-petent health center located at Miyake-jima, on account of geographical handicap there. Population is 315 and its density is 17.6 persons per 1m2. Population structure rather shows tural type.
    The results were as follows.
    1) As regards vital statistics, birth rate was 34.4 per 1000 population (1959) and death rate was 20.1 per 1000 population (the average of those 5 years from 1953). Both of them were much higher than the average of all Japan.
    2) Concerning physical constitutions of the people, their weights were more than the average of all Japan, and over average in the youth of male and in the age of 30 of female. Also it was showed that the girths of their chests were wider than the average of all Japan in the youth of male and the old age of both of male and female. There was no clear difference of the girths of upper arms between of these people and of all Japan, which was considered as one of nutritive indexes,
    3) From nutrition survey, the followings were observed.
    i) Kinds of taken foods in a year were much influenced by each season especially by its weather.
    ii) People have taken less total quantities and higher total Calory than the average of all Japan.
    iii) People had taken more quantities of fat and carbohydorate, less protein especially animal protein, less Ca, more P and less all Vitamins than each. quantities of the average of all Japan.
    4) Rate of medical consultation was one third of all Japan. The rate was highest in the ages, between from 30 to 39, In May and Novembe, the rates were high. The most rate was by common cold, and the next was digestive organs including dental disease which occupied one-third of this consultation in a year.
    5) Incidence was rather low.
    6) As specific diseases of this district, there were many dermatological diseases and a few food poisonings by fishes which had showed intoxicated symptom. Besides, it was guessed that there were Filariasis from Hydrocele patients, and Shichito fever which was considered as one of tsutsugamushi diseases.
    7) There were many patients of dental caries and it was considered that this fact concerned greatly with many factors including geographical condition, an unbalanced diet by season, too much carbohydorate, taking unbalance of Ca and P, and other food life.
    8) Incidence of patients of dental caries was 85.1% and it was too high especially in female. Incidence of number of dental caries were 43.2% of total temporary teeth and 20.6% of total permanent teeth. The grades of dental caries were 34.6% of C1, 33.7% of C2, 31.7% of C3 amongtemporary teeth and 30.5% of C1, 33.8% of C2 and 35.7% of C3 among permanent teeth.
    9) There were comparatively a few patients whose tartars adhered to teeth and smally number of gingivitis and of alveolar pyorrhea.
    10) There were many egg-round sharped row of teeth in male and female, and its rate was 93.1% of all examinees. Normal occlusion was 68.3% of all of them.
    11) Mottled teeth, Hutchinson's teeth, dental hereditary, scorbute and other dental specific diseases were not found there.
    12) In respect of general health examination, it was found that there were comparatively many people who showed symptom of beriberi. The tendencies were not seized through the measurement of blood pressure and urine examinations.
    13) Concerning classification of death cause, the group of contaminatious diseases had generally decreased recently.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 前田 和甫, 松本 幸久, 小泉 明, 村上 義三
    26 巻 (1960) 5 号 p. 434-437,A30
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    就労保健婦の母性保護をめぐる問題点をあきらかにする目的のもとに,東京都内の保健所保健婦の中から妊娠経過・母性保護対策実施の状況などについて実状ならびに意見を求め,その結果について検討考察をおこなつた.
    妊娠時在職中の場合には,離職中の場合と比較して,死産・自然妊娠中絶などの事故が多いことが指摘された.これは勤務の影響と考えられ,問題点の第1としてとりあげられる事項と判断された.
    業務の特質上,妊娠・出産による休暇中の保健婦に対する代勤要員を,数字の上だけで人員確保されればよいとは断定できないが,代勤要員が欠如しているか,あるいはきわめて不足な状況においては,妊娠事故の対策としてその増員ないし確保などについて検討される必要があると考えられる.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 堀江 礼子, 石川 中
    26 巻 (1960) 5 号 p. 438-441,A31
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    According to the study of the bronchial asthma, from the psychosomatic view point, it will be able to conclude that most of all patients tend to show the neurotic tendencies, but it wili be not yet decidde that these tendencies are the primary or secondary changes.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 高木 公三郎, 熊本 水頼
    26 巻 (1960) 5 号 p. 442-447,A31
    公開日: 2010/11/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    The authors measured the impulsively rotated strength around the longtudinal axis of the trunk with a strain-gauge dynamometer and simultaneously recorded the skin electrode myogram about the superficialis muscles of the trunk and the legs,
    The results were as fallows:
    1) The maximum rotated strength was about 800-100kg. cm.
    2) The discharges appeared for the muscles concerned in rotation of the trunk, pronation of the one thigh and spination of the other thigh at the articulatio coxae and stretch at the articulatio genu.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 26 巻 (1960) 5 号 p. 448-450
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
feedback
Top