Stature, body weight, upper arm girth, skinf old thickness, specific gravity of blood, total serum cholesterol of blood, blood pressure, urine and retinal findings of villagers of 40 years and over are compared between Farm-village H (1, 176 persons) and Fishing-village K (645 persons) in relation to different mortalities from cerebrovascular disease. Mortality rate from cerebrovascular disease of 45-64 year-age group male and female is 41.4 per 10, 000 population in Farm-village H and 14, 0 in Fishing-village K in average of 5 years, 1958-1962. The results follow : 1. Stature, body weight and total serum cholesterol are significantly higher in Fishing-village K than in Farm-village H. 2. No significant difference of upper arm girth is found between both villages. Difference of specific gravity of blood is significant in male, and difference of skinf old thickness is significant in female; both are higher in Fishing-village K than in Farm-village H. 3. Both proportion of persons found glucosuria and proteinuria to examinee are higher in Farm-village H than in Fishing-village K. 4, No significant difference of systolic and diastolic blood pressure level is found between villagers of Farm-village H and of Fishing-village K. 5. As for findings in ocular fundi, notwithstanding no difference is found on the prevalence rate of sclerotic changes of retinal arterioles, that of hypertensive changes is significantly higher in the farm village than in the fishing village.
The state of health of the Korean old people is studied statistically with their five family lines which have lasted from seventeen century. The conclusion is as follows. (1) According to the age of death, the state of health in general has been improved since the beginning of this century. (2) Each family line has its own life span and the age of death. It is assumed that there is heredity of life span, or each family line has had own custom for health. (3) There is no difference on the state of health between old male and old female at Korea in latter days. (4) The state of health of the aged in latter days at Korea is no less than that in the present time with Proportional Mortality Indicator (PMI) and life expectancy of the aged.
Allergic diseases of school children of 6 to 12 years of age were investigated by means of questionnairs to their parents and medical examinations of children in a residential area of Tokyo in July 1964. Prevalence of allergic diseases suggested that skin symptoms were most frequent, then bronchial asthma and neurotic symptoms were marked. It appeared that allergic symptoms were associated with ones of patients' mothers. Allergic symptoms of children seemed to have no statistically significant relationships either to the grade of physical development or to study records. Causative or provoking agents were proved to be the change of atomospheric temperature, certain kinds of foods such as eggs and others. It is conclusive that allergic diseases of school children can be brought under health care program in terms of comprehensive medicine including intensive clinical cares.
Investigation was made on pharmaceutical potency and side effects of the herb medicine "Kyumeigan". The results obtained are as follows. 1. Single oral administration of each active component of this drug to mice in a dose of 100 mg per kg brought about no appreciable change in the body-weight curves. LD50 of the compound preparation "Kyumeigan" was 3170 mg/kg. 2. In 96 children of the age more than a year but less than 5, the administration in the indicated dosage for 6 months induced no side effects. 3. In 75 children among the 95), who had some constitutional defects, a value of 60% was odtained for the improvement of conditions, and a remarkable effects was also obtained especially in the cases of gastrointestinal adynamia, nerve erethism and enuresis nocturna.
Our daily eyes have found that many evening-session students of upper secondary schools are less energetic and listless than all-time day-courses students of the same age. The physical feature as well as bodily strength of the former have been said to be inferior to those of the latter. It seems to me, however, that a synthetic study hasnot been completed yet on this problem. In this study my purpose is to describe their living and body and mind conditions. In order to grasp the facts of their lives and their surroundings, their way of living, contents of their labour, physical conditions, and use of medicines are investigated. Physical strength, sports ability, girth of upperarms, and thickness of subcutaneous fat are measured to obtain their body structure and function, nutritial conditions, and a rise and fall of nutrition. Following results are obtained ; Many night-session students find their job immidiately after they graduate from lower secondary schools. More than half the number come from other prefectures and live in a domitory or master's house. Many of them, who are engaged in the secondary grade job, lack in harmony and unity in their daily lives, lead an instinctive life and live in the present. Their way of life itself shows an extreme inclination. This is why lots of them appeals to a mental stress unbalance. Nevertheless, medicines, which are an index of a health conterplan, are not used more enough for the night students than for day-time students. This requires further examination. On the body structure and function and the netritional state, there appears a big difference in a growth and a development between day-time students and night students. Physical feature of the latter shows a tendency to resemble each other. A peculiar characteristics of the night students lack in body flexibility, lower uniformity of the body structure and the function and to wear and tear the subcutaneous fat while they are excellent in their muscular strength. This is a feature of working students who take their job when they are quite young. In conclusion, the environment and health condition and the situation of night students are not satisfied. We have not considered any counterplan for them. I believe that the above is the deep root of a mental unhealthy condition noticed in a daily observation. (Guidanced by Dr. Kunizo Fukuda, president of Yamanashi University)
The present writer will report the results of a follow-up study of the development of newborn babies during the first four, eight, and twelve months after birth with the object of examining the relationships between the abnormality at the time of pregnancy, perinatal period, or nursling period and the mental development of children themselves. (1) There is no correlation in the developments either of the pedal and manual functions, the language, the emotion, the intelligence, or the social adaptation of the babies. (2) There is no correlation between the developments of the above-mentioned functions, either. (3) There is no correlation between the mental development and the physical development (weight), either. (4) In the relationship between the mother's abnormality and the child's development, it has been found that toxemia of pregnancy, anemia, delivery by means of absorption, Caesarian operation, etc. have nothing to do with the mental development of the child. (5) In the relationship between the child's abnormality and his development it has been found that his prematurity, asphyxia, icterus, etc. have nothing to do with his regular mental development. Especially, many children born in asphyxia have been found to take advanced rank in the developments of manual function, language, emotion, and intelligence, anb this fact backs up Mr. Tsuno, s statement to the effect that, if appropriate care is taken of the mother in pregnancy, the delivery process and the newborn child, asphyxia will do no harm to the intellectual development of the child. No factor has been found supporting the accepted view that asphyxia does harm to the intellectual development of the bady. In short, no more significant relationship can be observed between the abnormality in pregnancy, perinatal period, or babyhood and the mental development of newborn children themselves than, as pointed out in the 2nd Report, between the former and the physical development of children.