民族衛生
検索
OR
閲覧
検索
36 巻 , 4 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
  • 白崎 和夫, 内藤 雅子, 根岸 龍雄, 秋山 房雄
    36 巻 (1970) 4 号 p. 123-129
    公開日: 2011/10/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    The authors investigated the adaptability of Average Death-Age and Age-Adjusted Average Death-Age as a health indicator, mainly in comparison with some health indicators such as corrected death rate, average life span and infant death rate in several regions with various sizes of population ; the whole country, the prefectures and the regions covered by each Health Center in Iwate Prefecture. The results obtained were as follows : (1) The longitudinal changes of Average Death-Age for 15 years (1950-1965) in the whole country were very similar to the trends of average life span. (2) In the case of prefectures, Average Death-Age were sometimes valid but Age-Adjusted Average Death-Age was more reliable as a health indicator. (3) In the regions covered by a Health Center, Age-Adjusted Average Death-Age was also a useful health indicator but Average Death-Age was a useless one. Meanwhile, Average Death-Age and Age-Adjusted Average Death-Age are considered to cover the aspect of health level which can not be expressed by another health incators such as corrected death rate, infant death rate etc. Moreover, the calculations of these health indicators are rather simple in its procedure and the collection of necessary basic data can be easily done. Judging from the results and the facts mentioned above, these two health indicators, especially Age-Adjusted Average Death-Age, will be one of the most useful health indicators in each region with various sizes of population.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 柳沢 文憲
    36 巻 (1970) 4 号 p. 130-137
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Im Landkreis wird Vorsorgeuntersuchung für Säuglinge and Kleinkinder noch nicht genügend aüsgef uhrt, obwohl die Vorsorgeuntersuchung der Säuglinge and 3-jährigen Kinder in Japan durch den Gesundheitsamt seit etwa 10 Jahren eingeführt wird. Im entlegenen Landkreis (Provinz Shizuoka, Landkreis Igawa) wird von mir die Vorsorgeuntersuchung Oktober 1969 systematisch durchgeführt. Das Vorsorgeprogramm besteht aus 9 Untersuchungen (1. medizinische Dokumentation 2. Körpermessung 3. ärztliche Untersuchung 4. zahnärztliche Untersuchung 5. Oxyuriasisuntersuchung 6. Urinuntersuchung : Eiweiß, Zucker u. Phenylketonurie 7. Hämatokrit 8. EKG über 3. Lebensjahr 9. Thoraxaufnahme uber 5. Lebensja hr). Die Untersuchungsergebnisse sind folgende : Die Untersuchungskinder sind 150 Fälle. Das Prozentsatz der Untersuchung unter 5. Lebensjahren ist sehr hoch and zwar 97.4% (130/154 Falle), Kaup-Index zeigt eine durchschnittliche Niveau. Hämatokrit ergibt normalen Befund. Im allgemeinen findet sich gute Gesundheitspflege der Kinder trotz des entlegenen Landes. Die Ergebnisse der Erkrankungen oder Anomalien der untersuchten Kinder ergeben 28 angeborenen Fälle (18, 7%) and 87 erworbenen Fälle (58%). Die Häufigkeit des Leistenbruches zeigt 2, 67%(4/150) bei meiner präventivmedizinischen Forschung and 1, 05% (293/28015) bei Provinz Shizuoka. Das Ergebnis bedeutet eine neue Ära der Kinderchirurgie. Die Häuf igkeit geistriger and Körperlicher Behinderung unter 15 Jahren zeigt 1.49‰ (1/669) bei mir and 0, 53‰ bei der Statistischen Berechnung des Gesundheitsministeriums 1965. Die Einrichtungen fur die systematische Fruhdiagnostik and die Fruhbehandlung angeborener Behinderungen sind Aufgabe der öffentlichen Hand. Wie groß die Zahl behandlungsbedürftiger behinderter Kinder ist, weiß niemand genau. Diese Arbeit hat noch in einem kleinen entlegenn Landkreis versucht, zahlenmäßige Anhaltpunkte zu gewinnen.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 石原 房雄
    36 巻 (1970) 4 号 p. 137-142
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    In Japan daily intake of Natrium chloride is about 20-30 grs ., while in Europe it is about 13 grs. Rabbits being administered a diet containing excessive salt in proportion to 30 grs. a day per adult human for 2 years, it was observed that cholesterol blood levels increased and P. S. P. was delayed. In the media of the aorta there was edematous sweeling and fiber were greatly swollen with degeneration observable. In the kidney, glomerulus were damaged and endothelium cells, Henle's tubules were frayed and degenerated. Such changes could not be observed in animals administered an excessive salt diet which contained Kaluim or Calcium. These results correspond to those of the first report.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 林 仁雄
    36 巻 (1970) 4 号 p. 143-152
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Since Hong Kong influenza appeared in the fall of 1968, and was found to fulfill the requirement as a new variety with antigen structure different from that of A2 type, studies conducted during the epidemic of A2 type were extended in search of this new type at various fileds. The author took this opportunity to study the relationship between the degree of resistance of the group and epidenic from the viewpoint of immunoserology. The results may be summarized as follows : 1. The prevalence of patients with apparently no resistance in each group, those with HI titer of less than 16 and above 4, was slightly different according to the resistance of the group. This is probably due to the fall of the potency of transmission of influenza in a group with high rate of antibody maintenance leading to a fall of the potency of infection. 2. The frequency of affection or rise of HI titer to more than 4 was the highest in cases with HI titer below 16, (58.5%). This dropped markedly in cases with HI titer of 64, to only 2.1%. 3. The state of prevalence of the group or the frequency of rise of HI titer above 4 was higher as the proportion of cases with HI titer 32 and below became greater. This would indicate that the resistance of group is determined by the proportion of cases with HI titer above 64. 4. The preventive effect of vaccine is determined by the provision of antibody titer above 64. Hong Kong influenza is at present said to be slower in spread than A2 type. Our results also indicated lower antibody titer after infection. This also suggests the possibility of repeated epidemic by this virus.
    抄録全体を表示
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
feedback
Top