民族衛生
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
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41 巻 , 5 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
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  • 李 允淑
    41 巻 (1975) 5 号 p. 189-215
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    A sociomedical investigation was performed for the 2, 082 senile people aged over sixty of which one group was residing with family at large city area numbering 1, 337 (A group) and other group was accommodated in 16 Asylums out of total 43 throughout country numbering 745 (B group). Following conclusion was obtained .1. Marriage and number of children : 1) The age of marriage was 20.8 years of men, 17.8 years of women in A group; 20.1 of men, 16.9 of women in B group. 2) The spouse status showed bereavement 46.9%, spouse 41.8%, remarriage 2.7%, divorce 1.5% in A group; bereavement 69.3%, divorce 7.8%, spouses 4.2%, remarriage 3.0/ in B group, accordingly higher rate of non-spousing in B group. 3) Total number of children delivered was 5.3 in A group, 1.9 in B group and number of present children living was 4.1 in A group, 0.6 in B group.2. Living expense maintenance 1) As to the residing group at large city area, old person livable by their own income including wife supported by the husband's income were 38.7%, which consisted 16.8% of property income, 15.9% of own working and 2.4% of pension, and those of no income were 61.3%, of which the cases depended on their posterity were 57.7% and those depended on the relief assistance were 2.0%. Sex difference of their income living showed 56.1% in men and 27.0% in women which expressed more vitality in men. 2) As to the accommodated group at asylum in specific area, the motive of accommodation ranked 34.1 % of no family, 34.1 % of own request and 10.5% of no satisfactory family relationship, and cases of having posterity were 35.1 % and that of having relative 47.7%; and as for the communication, 18.1% of subject having posterity and 23.6% of that having relative and visiting from them ; and communication and interview frequency was 1-4 times at most ; and impression to asylums showed 80.4% of favorable and 4.0% of undesirable.3. Family composition and resident status of family group : Family size was 5.8 and the generation composition was 50.3% of three generations, 40.8% of two and 6.4% of one generation showing large and small family size. The subject lived with posterity rated 32.9% with son only, 5.6% with daughter only, and 2.8% of no inmate. Frequency of posterity visiting from apart-living showed over once a month rating 42.2%, several times a year 20.3% and no visiting 4.5%, and in case of subject visiting, over once a month 22.9%. several times 22.0% and no visiting 8.1%.4. Health status: Comparison of health status between risiding group with family (A) and accommodated group at asylum (B) was attempted as follows. 1) Vision : "no trouble" 51.3%, "hardly see" 38.4%, "can notsee" 6.5% in A group and 37.9%, 40.3%, 13.7%, respectively in B group. Audition; "no trouble" 65.0%, "hardly hear" 21.3% in A group and 53.4%, 34.4% respectively in B group, showing better vision and audition in A group. 2) Sleeping hour was 8.2 in A group and 8.0 hours in B group . 3) Age of menarche was 17.0 and menopause 48.2 in A group and 16. 8, 47.5 respectively in Bgroup. 4) Daily living custom showed : a) Tooth-brushing; "everday" 82.0%, "occasionally" 12.0%, "never" 3.4% in A group and 50.6%, 26.4%, 11.9% respectively in B group representing worse condition of B group. b) Smoking ; "not smoke" 43.0%, "smoke" 35.0%, "smoke if available" 13.2% in A group and 43.1%, 29.1%, 24.6% respectively in B group containing more smokers in A and more readiness in B group. c) Drinking, "not drink" 51.3%, "drink if available" 25.3%, "drink" 13.8% in A group and 49.8%, 27.7/, 18.1% respectively in B group showing half population of not drinking in both group.5. Hope and desire : The desirable subjects of residing group with family for the society and nation were as follows. 1) Subject dsired occupation was 34.8% out of total and the raeson was 15.4% for living maintenance. 19.4% for health and 64.4% of no response.
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  • 李 允淑
    41 巻 (1975) 5 号 p. 216-229
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     韓国高令者の健康実態をとらえるため,1975年6月15日より,同年7月30日まで,ソウル地域の家族同居者,60才以上の老人,男子393名と,女子341名,合計734名(以下A群とする)と,養老院に収容されている60才以上の老人,男子171名と女子216名,合計387名(以下B群とする)に対しCornell健康調査表を利用して健康指数を調べて見た所次のような結果を示した.1.年令別健康指数 全項目195に対する質問(身体項目154,精神項目41)による平均愁訴率は,年令別に一定な傾向は示していないが,生活環境とは大きな差を持っていた. 即ち,男女共にB群の平均愁訴率は,A群に比べて低い方であり,全体的にB群の方が健康状態が良好であって,このような傾向は肉体的面より精神的な面で著しい. 結果的に養老院に収容されている方が家族同居群にくらべて,もっと精神的に安定を得た生活をしているものと老えられる.2.教育背景別健康指数: 教育背景を大きく小学校卒業以下のグループと中学卒業以上のグループとに区別して,健康指数を調べて見ると,全項目にわたって,平均愁訴数,項目別愁訴様相,及び,無愁訴率等教育と関連した差を見出す事はできないが,住居別には顕著な差異を示しており,養老院収容群の健康指数が家族同居群に比べてはるかに良好であった.3.前職別健康指数 高令者達の前職を肉体的職業と精神的職業のふたつに分けてくらべると,平均愁訴数無愁訴率等において,その差は認められなかった.けれども,職業別指数の傾向分析で,特徴的な点はB群と,A群間の指数上の差が精神的項目で,過去に肉体的職業をもった経験のある高令者よりは,精神的職業にたずさわった高令者の方が,もっと著しい愁訴をもっていることを見出した.
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  • 二塚 信, 上田 厚, 上田 忠子, 野村 茂
    41 巻 (1975) 5 号 p. 230-243
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    To through light on the health problems of the fishing in the Ariake Sea and Shiranuhi Sea, we have studied on the hourly working life pattern of fishers and their families, the intensity of each works and the labour conditions of these fishing. According to the type of fishing method, the number of times of fishing and the catches of fishing, the irregularity of the structures of each hourly working life pattern and the special feature of energy expenditure were observed. The relative metabolic rates of each works were estimated to be relatively low, i.e., under 3.0 in most cases, but the R. M. R of the works such as the landing the net (net fishing) and the carrying the fish cases were to be over 4.0 and more. The working times per day were relatively long. Then the total values of energy expenditure of working times were calculated to be 1.000 to 3000 kcal. (the working times were 260 to 900min). Accordingly, the daily energy consumption were estimated relatively high, i.e., 2800 to 3800 kcal. for men. Regarding on the working environment, the cold exposure of the fishing boat in the winter season, the noise of the diesel engine and the vibration of the boat were also worth noticing for the environmental health point of views.
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  • 江崎 廣次, 国武 栄三郎
    41 巻 (1975) 5 号 p. 244-257
    公開日: 2011/10/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    Japanese deaths of 1970 were investigated to divided into seven largest cities, other cities and rural distrits, and the characteristic of deaths in the rural districts were analyzed. The excessive death in rural districts were 19, 423 compaired with seven largest cities. From death number, cerebrovascular disease and accidents were the most, and malignant neoplasm and ischaemic heart disease were the lowest. From the standardized motality ratio by selected causation, accidents, gastro-enteritis and chronic disease of endocardium in rural districts were more than 7 largest cities. We believe that the deaths of cerebrovascular disease and accidents shall decrease by strenghening the guidance of food life and the safety education, and propeling strongly the construction of roads in the rural districts.
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  • 石橋 祥男
    41 巻 (1975) 5 号 p. 258-269
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    On 726 female patients (523 cases of the pregnants and others 203 cases) who came to a hospital of obstetrics and gynecology in Tokyo, detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) it the vagina was performed and an examination on its various characteriftics revealed the following results. 1. Among 726 cases, E. coli were Identified in 98 cases, 13.4%. 2. The rate of detecting E. coli was 10.3% in the pregnant group and 21.6/ in the patient group. When classified by regions on all patients, 11.8% at the external genitalia, 5.2/ at the posterior vault of the vagina, and 4.4% were detected at both regions at the same time. 3. As regards the relation between the detecting E. coli and period of pregnancy, detecting rate was high at the early stage and post delivery. 4. The value of pH in the vagina was 4.7ln average in the pregnants, and among them 4.9 in average E. coli positive cases, It was 5.3 in average in the patients, and 5.4 in average in the E. coli positive cases. 5. When the rate of decting E. coli is classified by the disease, it was relatively high in simple vaginitis, symptomless, erosion of the uterine neck, irregular hemorrhage, leukorrhea and so on. 6. Examining E. coil relatively often detected by O-type serum classification, on E. coil in the genital organ, type O-8 was most abundant and followed by in order of O-7, O-23, O-1, O-16, O-2, O-17. In E. coil in the feces, type O-7 is most abundant, followed by in order of O-8, O-16, O-2, O-17. 7. The cases in which E. coil in the genital organs and in the feces coincided in serological classification were 37.7%, 31.5% in the pregnat group and 45.5% in the patient group. 8. As for the degree of sanitary distribution, in the pregrant group, the sanitary degree I° was 12.9%, II° 55.5% and III° 31.4%, and in the patient group, I° was 13.6%, II° 36.3%, and III° 50%. And in general, the lower the sanitary degree, the higher the rate of detecting E. coli.
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