民族衛生
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
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51 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
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  • 石河 利寛
    51 巻 (1985) 1 号 p. 1
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 藤岡 新治
    51 巻 (1985) 1 号 p. 2-23
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    In an attempt to identify the thoughts and feelings of those involved in the process of the social rehabilitation of mental patients, a series of tests was conducted at Ohfuji Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan, which is well known for its active role in the social rehabilitation of its patients. For the purpose of this paper, tested were Shoku-oya*, employees working for Shoku-oya, employees at the hospital and families of patients. Following are the conclusions drawn from the tests. 1) Shoku-oya have, and express, positive feelings for mental patients, actively cooperating for thier social rehabilitation by employing them at their companies. Through their long experience as Shoku-oya, they have cultivated a volunteer spirit and have acquired special know-how in the employment of those with mental disorders. They educate and train such people up to a level where their employment is also to the advantage of the management of their companies, 2) Employees working for Shoku-oya companies generally get along well with their co-workers with mental disorders, though they have less receptiveness than Shoku-oya. Over the years, they have acquired an in-depth understanding of the situation surroundig mental patients and, currently, they are free from any bias against them. 3) Naturally employees at Ohfuji Hospital have a positive feeling about mental patients. Through daily contacts, however, they face serious problems associated with mental disorders. Consequently, they are not always so optimistic concerning social rehabilitation. 4) Families of mental patients long for social rehabilitation and hope that the patients will eventually be able to independently.. For this reason, families, even those living far away from the hospital, send patients to the hospital with Shoku-oya programs. Families of the mental patients now employed by Shoku-oya expressed their desire that employment be maintained.
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  • 吉田 節子, 山上 雅子, 豊川 裕之, 丸井 英二, 金子 俊
    51 巻 (1985) 1 号 p. 24-34
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    The results of a nutrition survey executed in 1979 in Hirao-cho, Yamaguchi Prefecture on 103 women between the ages of 20 and 65 were analyzed in order to clarify the actual conditions of food consumption and relationships between the food consumption sand physical status. It was found that: (1) consumption of milk and milk products and calcium intake were higher than those observed for average Japanese population by 1979 National Nutrition Survey; (2) there were statistically significant correlations between broca index, blood pressure, total serum cholesterol or blood gravity level and consumption of some food groups or intake of some nutrients in simple regression, in some age groups; (3) there was statistically significant positive correlation between broca index or systolic blood pressure and the food consumption pattern in which much Japanese traditional food -stuffs are taken, and negative correlation between blood gravity or serum cholesterol level and said food consumption pattern in some age groups; and (4) in multiple regression analysis wherein the index of the physical status was used as the criterion variable and consumption of Japanese traditional food groups or modern food groups was used as the explanatory variable, quantity of consumption of modern food groups significantly associated with serum cholesterol level, and frequency of consumption of modern food groups significantly associated with blood pressure and serum cholesterol level .
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  • 徐 希平, 山口 誠哉, 加納 克己, 下條 信弘, 渡辺 博且, アルバート 最所
    51 巻 (1985) 1 号 p. 35-42
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    The life table is primarily a product of actuarial science. Recent advances in theoretical statistics and stochastic processes have made it possible to study the length of life from a purely statistical viewpoint, making the life table a valuable analytical tool for demographers, epidemiologists, biologists, and research workers in other fields. This paper introduced the definition of the fraction of last year of life(Ai) and presented a method of constructing a current abridged life table using Chiang's method. The results obtained are as follows: 1) The value of Ai represents the mortality pattern prevailing in the population in each interval. Since the mortality pattern hardly varies over time (although death rates do), the Ai values may be regarded as constant and may be used for the construction of abridged life tables of the subsequent years of the populations. However, the mortality patternvaries between different countries, areas and between men and women . Also, it was shown that the method in which the value of Ai as 0 .5 generally is not valid. Therefore, it was recognized that if this revised Chiang?fs method is used to construct an abridged life table, it may be simpler and theoretically correct, and is more easy to make statistical inference. We used the values of Ai in HOKKAIDO, IBARAKI, OSAKA and KUMAMOTO to construct a new abridged life table. It showed that woman of any age has a greater expectation of life than a man of the same age in these areas. We also found that average life expectancy in KUMAMOTO is longer than other three areas and women in HOKKAIDO have a greater expectation of life than IBARAKI and OSAKA
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