民族衛生
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54 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
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  • 江崎 廣次
    54 巻 (1988) 3 号 p. 109
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 木場 冨喜, 二塚 信, 永野 恵, 上野 達郎, 稲岡 司, 北野 隆雄, 北野 直子, 上田 厚, 上田 忠子, 有松 徳樹, 野村 茂
    54 巻 (1988) 3 号 p. 110-121
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     6~17歳の児童生徒(男子2,229人,女子2,158人,計4,387人)について,身体発育と血色素量との関係を検討した. 1.性・年齢別の身長・体重・胸囲・座高と血色素量との間には,相関関係が認められた.しかし,加齢という要素を除いた,同年齢内における個々の体格と血色素量との間には,相関関係は認められなかった. 2.男子の場合,6~12歳および12~17歳いずれのグループ内でも,発育と血色素量は比例していた.しかし女子の場合,身体の発育量が最大の時期に血色素量もピークに達し,その後髪育速度が遅くなるにつれて血色素量は減少した.このため女子の6~12歳では,体格と血色素量は正の相関を示したが,12~17歳では有意の負の相関を示した. 3.年間発育量のピークは,女子が男子よりも1~2年先行した.また女子の発育のピークは,女子の血色素量のピークに半年~2年先行し,身体発育が血色素量の増加を促しているようにみえた. 4.中学・高校女子の貧血者(血色素量129/dl未満者)の出現頻度は,身体発育の最大の時期に最も少ない.そして出現頻度を示す曲線は,12歳を谷とするV字型を示す.また貧血者は身長・体重の年間発育量の少ないグループが高頻度であり,発育量の大きいグループが低頻度であった.  5.発育と血色素量の関係は深いが,思春期貧血の発現機序について,初潮の発来と急速な身体発育が強調すべき根拠は得られなかった.
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  • 中村 裕之, 田畑 正司, 栗山 典子, 中村 秀喜, 野原 聖一
    54 巻 (1988) 3 号 p. 122-130
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    In order to clarify the involvements of acceptance of favorites such as tabacco, alcohol, coffee and tea in women's complaining, the relationship between their complaint and factor structure of preference, which was calculated by using factor analysis from acceptances of favorites and preferences for food groups classified 13 according to food composition table, was examined in 236 women aged 20-39 . The explanation of its relationship was performed by canonical discriminant analysis with 7 explanatory variables; its 4 factor scores, age, systolic, diastolic blood pressure and weight index examined simultaneously. The results were as follows: 1) The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th factor of preference by factor analysis was deduced to be that for volumed foods, side foods, modern foods and favorites, respectively. 2) The women with either of headache, constipation or coldness of extrimities, which were found to be specified complaints to women in another examination of comparing men's complaint was discriminated from women free from complaints by the 1st canonical discriminant variate, and the women with the other complaints was by the 2nd canonical discriminant variate. The size of explanatory variables for 1st canonical variate was the order of the 2nd, 1st and 4th factor of preference, and 2nd discriminant variate was large above all for age variable. These results suggest that women's complaining of headahe, constipation and coldness of extrimities has deep relationship to no preference for side foods as well as preferences for favorites, while the other complaints being related especially to aging.
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  • 竹森 幸一, 仁平 將, 三上 聖治, 佐々木 直亮
    54 巻 (1988) 3 号 p. 131-142
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Spot urine of 7, 507 females aged 40-69 years were collected by Filter Paper Method from 169 regions (88 urban and 81 rural areas) in Japan during March to December of 1985. Spot urine were analyzed for sodium (Na) and potassium (K) by flame photometry and for creatinine (Cr) by Jaffe's method. The ratios of Na/K (mEq/mEq), NaCl/Cr (gig), K/Cr (g/g) in spot urine and estimated salt and potassium excretion (g) were calculated. The results were as follows: 1. Mean Na/K, NaCl/Cr and estimated salt excretion were significantly higher in rural area than urban area (4.13 vs 3.75, 13.45 vs 12.65, 9.56 g vs 9.41 g respectively). K/Cr and estimated potassium excretion were not different in both areas. 2. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in rural area than urban area (130.4 mmHg vs 128.6 mmHg and 77.9 mmHg vs 77.3 mmHg). 3. Partial correlations were calculated taking the factors of age, height and weight into account. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were correlated with Na/K, NaCl/Cr or estimated salt excretion positively and with K/Cr or estimated potassium excretion negatively. 4. Regional estimated salt excretion was higher in Tohoku and Kanto-II regions and was lower in Kinki-I, II, Chugoku, Shikoku and North Kyushu regions than an average of Japan, and was correlated positively with salt intake by National Nutrition Survey. 5. Significant correlations were found between the 1978-1982 standardized mortality ratio for cerebrovascular disease and Na/K, estimated salt or potassium excretion (r=0.325; p<0.05, r=0.690; p<0.001, r<0.473; p<0.001, respectively).
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  • 脇阪 一郎, 柳橋 次雄, 江口 智, 泊 惇, 波多野 浩道
    54 巻 (1988) 3 号 p. 143-152
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to examine the regional differences in infant mortality rate in relation to socioeconomic conditions. Using the mortality statistics issued by the Kagoshima prefectural government, secular changes in cause-specific infant mortality and the relationships between infant mortality rate and indicators of selected socioeconomic conditions were examined. The following findings were made. 1) Infant mortality rate declined drastically over the period 1968-1985. The decline in the infant mortality rate was mainly due to the decline in infectious disease and premature mortalities. The changes in mortalities due to congenital anomaly and hypoxia made little contribution to the decline in the infant mortality rate. 2) Among the 96 cities, towns and villages, the infant mortality rate negatively correlated with indicators of increase in population, gross income, medical doctors and crude birth rate, while it positively correlated with aging-index and gross fertility rate. 3) When total infant mortality was subdivided into two categories, the infant mortality due to congenital anomaly and hypoxia and that due to the others, the former infant mortality rate negatively correlated with indicator of increase in population and crude birth rate and positively correlated with aging-index, whereas the latter one negatively correlated with indicators of increase in population and medical doctors and positively correlated with gross fertility rate. 4) The findings above-mentioned support the hypothesis that infant mortality rate may be higher among the communities of decreasing population, independently of socioeconomic conditions.
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