民族衛生
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
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55 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
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  • 小泉 明
    55 巻 (1989) 3 号 p. 121
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 津金 昌一郎
    55 巻 (1989) 3 号 p. 124-132
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     戦後ボリビアへ移住し30数年にわたって,集団生活を営んでいる,沖縄出身者より構成されている移住地(オキナワ移住地)と,九州を中心とした本土出身者よりなる移住地(サンファン移住地)のそれぞれにおいて,現在の食生活パタンを明らかにすると共に,それがどのような因子により規定されているのかを検討した. その結果,現在のオキナワ移住地の食生活の特徴として豚肉や動物油の摂取が挙げられる一方,サンファン移住地のそれは,魚・漬物・鶏肉・果物の摂取の多さと,調味料として砂糖・食塩・醤油を頻回に使うという食生活であった. また,主成分分析の結果として,移住先での食生活を規定する最も大きな因子としては,牛肉・パン・コーヒーなどで代表される食生活のボリビア化が挙げられたが,移住前の出身地域における食文化の影響が第2主成分として根強く存在している事が明らかになった.
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  • 井奈波 良一, 平尾 真規子, 栗山 典子, 野原 聖一, 有泉 誠
    55 巻 (1989) 3 号 p. 133-136
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Obesity index and serum T3 and T4 in 53 males who lived in Shiramine-village, Ishikawa prefecture were measured and classified by the amount of cigarettes smoked in a day. The results obtained were as follows. 1) Obesity index in smokers with under 20 cigarettes in a day was significantly lower than that in non smokers. However, there were no significant differences in the obesity index between smokers with over 21 cigarettes in a day and non-smokers. 2) There were no significant differences in the serum T3 or T4 levels among smokers with under 20 cigarettes in a day, smokers with over 21 cigarettes in a day and non-smokers. These reuslts suggest that there was little relationship between inhibition of increase of body weight and thyroid function in male smokers.
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  • 多田 敏子, 三好 保, 今木 雅英
    55 巻 (1989) 3 号 p. 137-143
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study is to clarify the living problems of the sick elderly people through their role expectation. Subjects are 72 sick people and 30 institutional elderly people who live in pure rural district neighboring Tokushima City. Every one of them is over 60 years old. We examined the relation between the place of life and role expectation on the basis of the results of the investigation. The results obtained are as follows: 1) Sick elderly people have high sense of independence, but have low role expectation toward others for example, their family and community members. This tendency was remarkable with sick elderly people at home. 2) Compared with the people at home, a few of institutional, sick people have roles toward their family but many of them have roles toward their spouses and neighbors, also about this matter significant difference was recognized. 3) For about the image of their old age, many of sick people answered the decline of health and pension life. Compared the people at home with the institutional, clear difference could not be recognized about this matter. For the reasons mentioned above, it may be said that elderly people have passive role expectations toward others. Especially, sick people at home show this tendency a great deal, and their adaptation is in declining condition even when we regard it with subjectivity. But institutional people have more role expectations than sick people at home, they are thought to be making efforts to find out how to copewith their adaptation . In this study, the problem of the life of sick people at home was suggested.
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  • 角南 重夫
    55 巻 (1989) 3 号 p. 144-149
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    For the purpose of investigating the factors relating to the recent average life span (e0) in Japan, relationships were studied between e0 and medical and health indices (27 itmes), food and others (21 items) about 10 and 5 years before the e0, from point of annual changes and geographical distributions of items. Coefficients of serial correlation and geographical correlation were positive and significant for men between e0 and number of pharmacists and quantity of milk purchase about 10 and 5 years before the e0, watersupply extension rate 5 years before the e0, so were geographical correlation coefficients between changes in e0 by year and in above 2 items. For women above correlations were positive and significant in coefficients between e0 and number of clinics 10 years before the e0. On the other hand those correlations were negative and significant in coefficients for men between e0 and livelihood protection rate 5 years before the e0. These results suggest that number of pharmacists, watersupply extension rate and quantity of milk purchase relate positively to the recent average life span for men and livelihood protection rate does negatively, and number of clinics relate positively for women in Japan.
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