The purpose of this study is to examine the age differences of work and life of the white color male workers. The data used in this study is obtained from a survey of 1131 male workers in a major national computer manufacturing company in 1988. 1) After controlling for section, position, income, and education, age affects on most of work and life of the white color male workers. 2) The 24-29 year old group has the longest working hours in all age groups. The majority of this group retire the latest at night. Leisure activities and hobbies, not work, are meaningful to these workers. The degree of their job's satisfaction is the lowest. 3) The 30-39 year old workers find their work and family life most worthwhile. Moreover, the 35-39 year old group has a greater degree of satisfaction and load in both job and family life. 4) Finding shows that the 40-44 year old workers' working hours are shorter and their bed time is earlier than those of the workers aged below 40. A contradictory finding in observed between the 40-44 year old workers and the 45-49 year old workers. The former find their work meaningful, and the latter complaint frequently of the evaluation of their job ability made by their superintendents, and they value the leisure activities andhobbies than their job. 5) Although the 50-53 year old workers have the shortest working hours of all, their work are meaningful to them. They express, however, the highest degree of dissatisfaction with the evaluation of their job ability made by their superintendents.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the age differences of health behavior and health status of the white color male workers. The data used in this study is obtained from a survey of 1131 male workers in a major national computer manufacturing company in 1988. 1) After controlling for section, position, income, and education, age affects on most of health behavior and health status of the white color male workers, excepting regular eating habitation, the number of absent days, stress feeling, and general fatigue. 2) The 24-29 year old group has the most problematic health behavior which is caused by longer working hours and therefore sitting up till late at night. They complaints cumulative fatigue symptoms more frequently and hold lower job morale than the higher age groups. 3) Health behaviors of the 30-39 year old group are also problematic. Frequent coffee intakes and smoking, restlessness, and lack of exercise are observed among this group. These damaging behaviors are caused by the greatest responsibility for their jobs and family. 4) The 40-49 year old group shows more improved health behaviors such as having enough exercise and rest than the previous groups. However, they tend to drink much because of "settai" or business dinner and complaint gastroenteric disorder most frequently in all age workers. 5) Health behaviors of the 50-53 year old group are generally well organized and health damaging effects from their work are not observed. Also their subjective health status measured with feeling of fatigue is the most desirable in all age groups. However, owing to their advanced age, they have geriatric disorder most frequently in all age groups.
We conducted an assumptive survey on illness behavior; asking "When you feel sick, what will you do?", at a local village in northern Okinawa in July 1985, focusing on self-treatment. A retrospective survey was also carried out at the same time. However only a small number of illness cases were collected and therefore an assumptive one was mainly analyzed in the paper. The findings were as follows: 1. In almost all of 12 illness cases the respondents had a more positive attitude toward self-treatment than the other two coping methods; i.e. resting from work and utilization of medical services: 2. As the gravity of illness increased, their positive attitude toward self-treatment didn't change, whereas their attitude toward the other two coping methods changed from a negative one to a positive one; 3. Among the various ways of self-treatment, using patent medicine was most preferred, followed by folk or popular medical treatments for which the choice rate was considerably lower; 4. The above findings were roughly consistent with those from the retrospective survey; 5. Eighty three respondents were classified into five groups through cluster analysis. The first was the "negative group" which consisted of 16 persons who had a negative attitude toward every coping method. The second, the "utilization group" which only included 3 persons, had a negative attitude toward self-treatment but a positive one toward the other two coping methods. The third, the "positive group" which included 35 persons had a positive attitude toward every coping method. The fourth, the "self group" which consisted of 24 persons had a positive attitude toward self-treatment but a negativeone toward the other coping methods. The fifth group included 5 persons who couldn't be clustered; 6. The female's ratio of the "self group" was significantly higher than that of the other groups. Whereas, the younger respondent's ratio of the "negative group" was higher than that of the other groups, the older respondent's ratio of the "positive group" was higher than that of the other groups; 7. There was an inverse relationship between the preference of using patent medicine and cultivation of herbs. An inverse relationship also exited between the preference of folk or popular medical treatments and the ratio of service in occupation of the householder to which a respondent belonged.