民族衛生
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
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59 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
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  • 赤松 隆
    59 巻 (1993) 1 号 p. 1-2
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 鄭 〓薇, 城田 知子, 松本 壽吉
    59 巻 (1993) 1 号 p. 3-14
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     台湾において近年,社会情勢の変化や経済の高度成長とともに,生活が豊かになり,目まぐるしい生活様式の変化を生じている。 本研究では,台湾の学童の健康生活の実態を把握することを目的として,さらに食生活と健康生活習慣の関連性について検討を行った。 1)ローレル指数による体格判定において肥満の出現をみると男子12.1%,女子6.7%であった。 2)平均家族数は,5.0±1.5人で,世帯構成において75。1%が二世代家族で,核家族化への変遷が認められた. 3)欠食習慣のあるものは,12.2%と多く,その理由は「食欲がない」,「時間がない」が上位であった. 4)家族揃って食事をする頻度は,夕食では92.5%と高いが,朝食は4.9%と低く,台湾の食習慣の一端が伺えた。また,「子どもだけで食べる」という状況の中にある子どもは,平均25。5%で,学年が高くなるほど増加傾向が見られた.5)外食習慣については,12。0%近くが3食とも外食に依存していた。その内訳は,麺・パンといった主食類が目立った。 6)食品群別摂取頻度:男女共に米,パン,肉,肉加工品,果実,野菜,卵,乳,油脂類の摂取が高く,食の洋風化が示唆された. 7)因子分析の結果については,男女ともに2つが抽出され,累積寄与率は,全分散の86.6%,85.6%を占め,いずれもかなり類似した食パターンを示した。 8)総合的健康:度判定において,健康と判定されたものは18.8%と少なく,不健康は37。9%で,性差は認められなかった. 本論文の作成に当たり絶えず資料提供および調査研究に御協力下さった台湾ならびに日本の諸先生方に深謝いたします。 なお,この研究は,中華民国台湾台北市政府衛生局の柯 賢忠,蕭 東銘, 謝 弘康氏との共同研究である. この論文の一部は,第56回日本民族衛生学会(東京)において発表した。
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  • 田邉 信太郎
    59 巻 (1993) 1 号 p. 15-36
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    An exploratory study using a health diary was made to inquire into health problems and illness behavior of inhabitants in a gradually depopulating mountain village with a heavy snow fall in Niigata Prefecture. Seventy-eight inhabitants (aged 4-79) completed a health diary for one month each starting in winter, spring, summer, and autumn . The results of an analysis of their health diaries (9, 516 person-days in total) were as follows: 1) Main events in everyday life in each season were, in winter, snow removing, in spring, rice-planting, in summer, events related to Bon (the Bunddhist All Souls' Day), and in autumn, rice harvesting. 2) Typical health problems in each season were, in winter, headache, and lower back pain, in spring, lower back pain, in summer, fatigue, and in autumn, headache, and lower back pain. 3) It was suggested that occurrences of these problems had something to do with a unique life event as well as a natural enviromental condition in each season in the area concerned. 4) A total of 541 problem episodes (6.9 per person) were recorded with 54.1 percent of the episodes taking no form of medical action, and 25.1 percent of the episodes taking only a patent medicine. A percentage of the episodes visiting a doctor or a dentist at least once in an episode was 13.5. 5) Patterns of illness behavior were different by sex, age, and contents of health problems. 6) A health diary was supposed to be an effective method of inquiring into health problems and illness behavior in everyday life.
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  • 伊藤 弘人, 丸井 英二
    59 巻 (1993) 1 号 p. 37-44
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Japanese history of eugenic protection law was reviewed. Involuntary sterilization was especially focused. A review of proceedings of the National Diet, statistical reports, and medical papers were performed, as well as interviews. Before the end of World War II, "Kokumin-Yusei-Hou" was enacted. The reasons were as follows; One was negative eugenics, which aimed to reduce the "defective" persons. The other was political incentives to forbid family planning movement in order to obtain more population. On the contrary, after the war, "Yusei-Hogo-Hou" was enacted, mainly because of family planning. The number of application of sterilization has constantly decreased, however, several different patterns were observed. 1) The speed of decrease of the sterilization for maternal or medical reasons were ceased after the 1970's. 2) Involuntary sterilizations have gradually decreased to none. 3) Involuntary sterilizations for the mentally ill were constantly applied until the 1970's. The issue of translation, the reasons of the changes, and the application to the mental retarded are discussed.
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