We undertook a content analysis of articles mentioning HIV/AIDS from 1982 to 1992 in the Asahi Shinbun, a national daily newspaper in Japan. We also examined what influence the articles may have had on people's health behavior. The findings of this study are as follows: 1. A total of 1381 articles about AIDS were found in the newspaper between 1982 and 1992. In particular, articles in 1987 and 1992 were large in volume. 2. The proportion of content categories had changed during the eleven years. In 1987, the category about AIDS-related studies was the largest in article volume, while the category about AIDS education and other preventive activities stood first in 1992. Both categories accounted for almost 50% of the total articles during the period. 3. The countries which were the major focus of the articles were the United States and countries in Europe. However, articles about AIDS in Japan gradually increased. 4. The change in article volume about AIDS was not associated with the number of HIV infections in Japan, but there seemed to be a connection between the article volume about AIDS and the number of visitors at health centers for anti-HIV testing or counselin
The number of food items consumed might increase in accordance with the number of meals and would reach the saturation point or the maximum number. This analysis was applied to the food items consumed by 26 female Taiwanese workers for 3 consecutive days in April, 1992. 238 food items were consumed. The theoretical maximum food items consumed were 306. The average number of food items consumed was 11.3 in a meal, and 26.4 in a day. By the ABC analysis 16 food items occupied 50% of all the food items consumed. A seasoning of monosodium glutamate, powder of dogtooth violet, garlic, sesame oil, Jew's-ear and so on were highly consumed, indicating that an art of seasoning seemed a favorite cooking way in Taiwan.
Subjective symptoms and personality of 3, 447 male workers in a dairy product company were assessed by a health questionnaire, the Todai Health Index (THI). Thirty-three branches of the company were distributed from Hokkaido to Kyusyu, Japan. The age of the subjects ranged from 18 to 59 years. "MP counselor" was applied, which is a registered trademark of THI. Their job was classified into three: production process work (group A), clerical or technical work (group B), and sales work (group C). Technical workers of Group B were mainly the heads of group A. Over the half of group C workers were engaged in transportation work and the rest of them are sales workers. According to the job analysis, group A workers are blue-collars, group B workers are white-collars, and group C workers are blue- and white-collars. Mean value of aggressive scale in group C was significantly higher than that of group A and (or) B in every age class. Except the subjects under thirty years old, mean value of scale score of irregularity of life of group C was significantly higher than that of group A and (or) B. Except in their thirties, mean value of discriminant function value of psychosomatic disease of group C was significantly higher than that of group A and (or) B. Other mean values of scale scores, which were significantly higher in group C than those in group A and (or) B, were mouth and anus under thirty years old, subjective symptoms, respiration, and eye in their forties and fifties, skin and digestion in their fifties. All of these scales are related to physical complaints. These results indicate that sales workers should be marked as a group which needs daily life management and health care on their specified physical and mental complaints.
In order to clarify the cause of sudden unexpected death (SUD) in the youth and to design new methods for the prediction or prevention of SUD, 9 cases of Okinawan subjects, aged 15 to 29 (mean 22.1 years old), were investigated by autopsy and preventive study. All the subjects died within one hour of symptom onset in the period from April, 1982 to January 1991 in Okinawa prefecture and were examined as medico-legal autopsies in the University of the Ryukyus. The main results were as follows: 1. Eight out of 9 cases were male including 2 obese subjects. Although there were past histories of ?gCoarctation" and "Schizophrenia", in two cases, but including these, all cases were asymptomatic and apparently healthy. 2. According to the causes of SUD suspected by the pathological studies, there was: ischemic heart disease in 2 cases; acute myocardial infarction, bridge formation of a branch of the coronary arteries, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in 1 case; rupture of the aorta in 1 case; parchment-like ventricle in the 1 female case; no other significant organic abnormalities were recognized in the other 4 cases, including 3 cases who were diagnosed as "Sudden Manhood Death Syndrome". 3. In order to predict and prevent sudden deaths in the youth, it is not enough adding further medical examinations or improving the health examination program in school. It may also be indispensable that we should make every efforts to build up horizontal and vertical health administrative systems for private health check information between schools, and among communities and workshops.
The percentages of residents who died at home were compared between the Ibi-Motosu and Hida regions located far-off in the north and west of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, respectively. Residents aged 85 and over, or those who died of senility without mention of psychosis, showed a higher proportion of death at home in both regions. Among those who died at less than 75 years, or those who died of heart diseases, a greater percentage of residents were found to have died suddenly; sudden death raised the proportion of death at home. Influences of external causes of death on the proportion of death at home were minimal. Comparison among the percentages of death at home and relating factors of 30 municipalities in two regions clarified that the percentages correlated positively with death rates by heart diseases and senility without mention of psychosis, and average number of household members. The proportion of those dying at home aged 65 or more showed a tendency to be higher in the Ibi-Motosu region than in the Hi a region. It was suggested that the differences of the proportion of death at home of elderly people between the two regions were caused chiefly by a lower ratio of hospital beds per 100000 populaiton and a higher number of household members in the Ibi-Motosu region compared to the Hida region.