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62 巻 , 5 号
選択された号の論文の6件中1~6を表示しています
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  • 井奈波 良一
    62 巻 (1996) 5 号 p. 249-250
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 城川 美佳, 西川 浩昭, 静 正子, 豊川 裕之
    62 巻 (1996) 5 号 p. 251-259
    公開日: 2011/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    The Random Digit Dialing (RDD) telephone survey method makes the telephone useful not only for collecting data, but for random sampling. The authors tried a health behavioral survey in a catchment area of TORO University Hospital, limited to Ohta-ku, to apply RDD Sampling Methods of telephone surveys in Japan. The findings were as follows: 1) The number of phone calls were 1, 202 times during 4 days (40 hours). The calling frequency was 30.05 times per hour. 2) Of all calls made, 17.7% were to non-working lines including facsimile lines, 2.4% to lines of out of the target area, 15.7% to business lines, and 45.3% had unsucessful contact due to absence. Therefore, respondents were 51.5% of all targets which were sampled. 3) As to the number of respondents by gender and age, there were more female than male respondents in all age groups. The biggest proportion by gender were responders in their twenties in male groups and responders in their forties in female groups. There was no bias in either gender or age group between respondent groups and population in Ohta-ku.
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  • 阪本 州弘, 若林 一郎, 吉本 佐雅子, 増井 秀久, 阪本 尚正, 仁科 昌久, 中村 都美子
    62 巻 (1996) 5 号 p. 260-266
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    In order to assess the effect of passive smoking at home, 39 female junior college students and their mothers were surveyed concerning paternal smoking habits and asked to provide early morning urine samples in which the concentrations of cotinine (COT) and hydroxyproline (HOP) were measured. The concentration of urinary COT per gm creatinine (COT/Cr) of smoker was 1, 000 μg/g or more. There was no correlation between the number of cigarettes smoked per day by the father and the concentration of COT/Cr of either the mother or daughter. Their levels of COT/Cr remained 0-30μg/g irrespective of the father's smoking. The cases in which no COT was detected in either daughters or mothers were actually more frequent with heavier paternal smoking. There was also no relationship between the father's smoking and the concentration of HOP/Cr of the daughters and their mothers. One possible explanation of these findings may be that fathers who smoke at home do so outside of the room. Smoking by mothers was also found to not increase the concentration of COT/Cr of their daughters or rather low level of 5 μg/g. Thus, passive smoke at home did not show any effects on nicotine metabolite of daughters and mothers. The COT/Cr levels of daughters did increase significantly by 61 percent from 11.0 μg/g, as the result of a one hour exposure to heavy smoke in a meeting room.
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  • 田中 洋一
    62 巻 (1996) 5 号 p. 267-284
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     足や足趾の異常については,男子に関する資料が少なく,とくに若年層男子の足の状態に関しては,その一般的傾向も十分には把握されていない.本研究では,若年層の男子の足の資料を得る一環として,外観的観察を中心に大学生の足について検討を行った.対象は神戸大学の19歳から23歳の男女学生256足(男子54名:108足,女子74名:148足)である. 結果,足の異常の有力な判断材料となる第1趾(以下“母趾”)の外反角(母趾角:hallux angle)については,女子では平均11.~15.でこれまでの報告とほぼ同様の傾向であった.男子では10.までがもっとも多かったが25.5°の外反角を最高に11.以上の対象が4割以上となった.足趾の異常で代表的な「外反母趾(hallux valgas)」の外見的な判断基準の外反角は10.から15.といわれていることから,男子においても外反母趾発生の可能性が大であると考えられた.足先の型は,男女とも約7割が母趾のもっとも長いエジプト型で,足先の型の発現頻度に大きな性差はみられなかった.また,整形外科医による足の異常の指摘率は,女子に限らず男子にも非常に高く,指摘された主な異常は,第5趾変形,母趾外反,足趾の重なりや屈曲などである.中でも足趾の屈曲は,女子より男子に指摘率が高かった.男子において靴と足趾の異常の関係をみると,大きすぎる靴を着用している対象の8割以上に母趾外反が認められ,靴の不適合の危険性がうかがわれた. 以上のことから,今後,男子においても女子と同様に足の検討が必要であると思われた.
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  • 松井 知子
    62 巻 (1996) 5 号 p. 285-297
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    This study has examined the relationship between weight fluctuation and the reported results of annual health examination including the death cases. The subjects were 658 adults (200 men and 458 women) aged 30 and older in Sashiki-cho, Okinawa, Japan, who participated in annual health examinations at least 7 times between 1986 and 1994. The subjects were classified into"need of medication", "need of care", "need of observation"and"within normal limit"according to the results of 7 to 9 annual health examinations: in addition, the cases of death were separately treated. Each individual's variability of body mass index (BMI), was assessed through both the gradient of time-dependent (age) regression and the coefficient of variation (CV). For the obese subjects (146 except dead cases) whose BMI was over 26.0 at the first examination, the relationship between weight fluctuation (BMI gradient and CV) and the change in the statement after annual health examination was investigated. The change of physical statement from the first 5 years to the latter 4 years was categorized to"getting better", "unchanged"and"getting worse". The findings of the analysis of variance and multiple classification table adjusted for two covariates (age and sex) are summarized as follows: 1) The gradient of BMI was tend to be negative in most death cases. The CV was higher in the worse cases of physical statement than in the better cases; 2) The cases of"getting better" showed that the gradient was downwards with increase of CV, whereas the cases of"getting worse" showed that the gradient was upwards with increase of CV. The weight in the cases of"unchanged" was almost unvariable. It is concluded that since weight fluctuation and change of the statements on physical condition were associated, it is desirable to keep an individual's body weight within an adequate range, paying attention to weight fluctuation .
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  • 趙 南勲, 洪 文植, 林 謙治
    62 巻 (1996) 5 号 p. 298-314
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     韓国における家族計画プログラムの全国的な展開により,避妊の実行が普及すると共に出生率が低下してきた.こうした初期の目標が達成された中で,人工妊娠中絶は依然に高率であり,また,出生性比も増加する傾向にある.性比の歪み伝統的な男子選好に起因するものと思われる.本論文では妊娠結果の経年的変化を調査し,人工妊娠中絶の決定要因を分析すると共に中絶と男子選好が性比の歪みどのように影響を与えているかを検討した. 人工妊娠中絶率は1980年代前半まで急激に増加しており,中絶と出生はほぼ同数であった.その後,中絶率は高い水準で推移し,出生回数が多いほど中絶率が高い傾向を示している.第1子出産後の次の妊娠結果は前子の性別により強い影響を受けることが判明した.すでに男児を得ている場合妊娠が中絶になる確率はきわめて高い.希望子供数の減少と男子選好のために既存の子供の性構成が妊娠結果を左右することにおいてより重要な因子となっている.女性の教育水準も中絶の確率に対して常に影響を与えているが,最近ではその影響度は弱まっている.婚姻外妊娠と都市化も中絶の増加の方向で影響を与えている. 本研究から得られた結果により,今後韓:国における家族計画プログラムは性比の歪みをもたらす男子選好の価値観を弱めると同時に,人工妊娠中絶を予防すべく社会政策の強化を打ち出す必要があることを示唆している.
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